Uyezd, povit or powiat (p=ʊˈjest, p=povit) was an administrative subdivision of Muscovy, Russian Empire, and the early Russian SFSR which was in use from the 13th century. Uyezds for most of the history in Russia were a secondary-level of administrative division. On the territory of Malorossiya and Congress of Poland uyezd was known as powiat or...
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(from the article `zemstvo`) ...established in 1864 to provide social and economic services, it became a significant liberal influence within imperial Russia. Zemstvos existed on ...
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