noun the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology an...
Found on https://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20974


Ijtihad (اجتهاد ijtihād, `diligence`) is an Islamic legal term that means `independent reasoning` or `the utmost effort an individual can put forth in an activity.` As one of the four sources of Sunni law, it is recognized as the decision-making process in Islamic law (sharia) through personal effort (jihad) which is completely indepe...
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ijtihad
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