(from the article `iconography`) ...16th century, were catalogs of emblems and symbols collected from antique literature and translated into pictorial terms for the use of artists. ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/i/5


iconologia An book of emblems or an emblem book. Emblem books are a particular style of illustrated book developed in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, normally containing about one hundred picture and text combinations. Each combination consisted of a woodcut or engraving (emblems) accompanied by one or more short texts, intended to ins...
Found on http://www.wordinfo.info/words/index/info/view_unit/1036/2
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