Genres

The genres, or types of painting, were codified in the seventeenth century by the French Royal Academy. In descending order of importance the genres were History, Portrait, Genre, Landscape, and Still life. This league table, known as the hierarchy of the genres, was based on the notion of man the measure of all things - landscape and still life we...
Found on http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=115

Genres

Types of art to which special rules and independent developments were attributed. For example: in poetry -- epic, lyric, dramatic; in painting -- historic, portrait, landscape; in music -- oratorical, symphonic, operatic. -- L.V.
Found on http://www.ditext.com/runes/g.html
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