Chiflik, or chiftlik (Ottoman Turkish: Çiftlik; Albanian: çiflig; Bulgarian and чифлик, chiflik; τσιφλίκι; читлук/čitluk), is a Turkish term for a system of land management in the Ottoman Empire. Before the chiflik system the Empire used a non-hereditary form of land management called the Timar System. Starting as the Empire...
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(from the article `Bulgaria`) ...of the central government to keep the spahis and local officials under control. During the 17th and 18th centuries the spahis succeeded in ...
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