Artel

Artel (арте́ль) is a general term for various cooperative associations that existed in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union between the 1860s through 1950s. The term eventually was phased away with the complete monopolization of economy by the state. Historically, artels were semi-formal associations for craft and artisan enterprises. Of...
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artel
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