The Principalía or noble class {rp|page=331} was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the towns of Spanish Philippines, composed of the gobernadorcillo (who had functions similar to a town mayor), and the cabezas de barangay (chiefs of the barangays) who governed the districts.{efn|1=In 1893, the Maura Law was passed to reorganize town ...
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(from the article `Philippines`) ...own fields cultivated by their various retainers, even though traditional land rights had been limited to usufruct. These heirs of pre-Spanish ...
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