Karnöffel is a card game which probably came from the upper-German language area in Europe in the first quarter of the 15th century. It first appeared `listed in a municipal ordinance of Nördlingen, Bavaria, in 1426 among the games that could be lawfully played at the annual city fête. This makes the game the oldest identifiable European card ....
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karnöffel


(from the article `card game`) ...game without any special suit, or trump suit, along with playing cards, reached Europe in the 14th century, likely by passage through the Islamic ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/k/13


Karnoffel is one of the earliest European card games whose rules can be reconstructed with some confidence. It dates from the early 15th century and is one of the first trick-taking card games in which there is a 'chosen' suit some of whose cards have the power to beat cards of other suits (trumps) .
Found on http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/browse/OK.HTM
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