gurmata

(from the article `Akl Takht`) ...meetings in Amritsar, when groups would assemble behind their elected leaders in the open area in front of the Akl Takht. Resolutions had to be ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/g/83

Gurmata

A Gurmata (literally, guru`s intention) is an order passed by the Sarbat Khalsa in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib. A gurmata may only be passed on a subject that affects the fundamental principles of Sikh religion and is binding upon all Sikhs. Gurmata is similar to Fatwa in the Muslim tradition with a difference that Fatwa is not binding ....
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurmata
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