Copy of `Legal explanations - Law terms`

The wordlist doesn't exist anymore, or, the website doesn't exist anymore. On this page you can find a copy of the original information. The information may have been taken offline because it is outdated.


Legal explanations - Law terms
Category: Legal
Date & country: 25/02/2010, SG
Words: 2570


Finder's Fee
(n) Finders fee is the charge or remuneration payable to a person or entity to find or locate a particular property, article or information required by him

Finding
(n) Finding is the decision, opinion or observation arrived by a judge or jury on a factual position in a law suit under trial, which are vital for the decision making.

Findings Of Fact
(n) Findings Of Fact is the decision, opinion or observation arrived by a judge or jury on the issues related to the fact that are submitted for a decision of the court. The finding of facts ultimately influence the judgment.

Findings Of Law
A judge's finding on issues of how the law applies to the particular case facts.

Firm Offer
(n) A Firm Offer is an offer made to a person or entity agreeing to do any action or non-action on the acceptance of such offer, which cannot be revoked or withdrawn within the period specified in the offer.

First Chair
A case's lead attorney.

First Degree Murder
(n) First Degree Murder is the killing of human beings deliberately with a pre-plan while doing another crime, or felony etc. Ex. Killing the victim of the rape, killing the guard while looting the bank.

First Impression
(adj) First impression is the opinion or inference reached by a court, authority or person by applying the logic and reasoning on the circumstances prevailing in that case, when a similar precedence, decision, ruling etc are not existing to guide them.

Fixed Rate Mortgage
A mortgage with an interest rate that stays at the same amount for the duration of the loan. Opposed to an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM).

Fixture
(n) Fixture is the erection or attachment made to a land or building which is not movable after its fixing and which forms as an integral part of the property there after. Eg. Compound wall in property. Erected cement bench in a park.

Flight
(n) Flight is the immediate vacating, leaving of the place of residence or stay, without information, to avoid certain happening which would have occurred to him if he continue to stay there or at a locatable place.

Floating Easement
(n) Floating easement is right to use a property as an access to use another property connected to the former without specifying the method or limiting to the scope of such utilization to any particular portion.

FOB
(adj) FOB is the short form of 'free on board' is used to represent the pricing, cost structure, transfer of property right of a goods or merchandise sold, representing that sellers responsibility for incidental cost and risk ends when the goods are shipped on board of the transport vehicle. In FOB cases, insurance and all incidental cost there aft...

For Value Received
(prep) For Value received is the phrase used to acknowledge the receipt of compensation for which the present action is taken, whereby it makes a valid and enforceable contract. The phrase is used while giving promissory notes, deed etc.

Forbearance
(n) Forbearance is the willful grant of time allowed to a party to the contract to fulfill his part of obligation with or without claiming additional compensation

Forced Sale
(n) Forced sale is the selling of goods, property or article other than by a normal transaction in which the seller takes the market advantages.

Forcible Entry
(n) Forcible entry is the taking possession of a property, structure, premises etc by entering the premises using force of what ever manner to gain control over the property, structure or premises.

Foreclosure
(n) Foreclosure is the closing of a liability, obligation, receivables etc by recovering the dues by other means like selling the lien , mortgages etc in his possession, before waiting the action or fulfillment from the debtor.

Foreclosure Sale
(n) Foreclosure sale is the closing of a liability, obligation, receivables etc by recovering the dues by selling the property in his possession, before waiting the action or fulfillment from the debtor.

Foreign Corporation
(n) Foreign corporation is the body incorporated in another state or country other than the state or place where it operate or otherwise perform business activities.

Forensic
(adj) Forensic is the section, department or function which assists or otherwise support the legal proceeding in a court of trial. Example, forensic medicine. The Latin word means 'belonging to the forum'

Forensic Medicine
(n) Forensic medicine is the section of medicine which studies, practice medical aspects related the determination of a legal issue. Eg. Post-mortem of the body by the forensic medicine department is used as a testimony to decide the possible cause of death.

Forensic Testimony
(n) Forensic Testimony is the report issued by the forensic expert which testify the issues, probable causes and expert opinions of the legal issues under consideration

Forensics
(n) Forensic is the argumentation based on the evidences, circumstances and riders apparent or available in the connected issue and formation of an opinion based on them and the expertise of the person .

Foreseeability
(n) Foreseeability is the ability to anticipate the future events, outcomes or results of an action based on the circumstances, past experiences, apparent riders or reasonable sense expected of a human being.

Foreseeable Risk
(n) Foreseeable risk is the anticipated danger expected by a person of reasonable senses, based on his knowledge, experience or assumptions, as the result, outcome of an action.

Forfeit
(v) Forfeit is the losing of the right on any property, article or claim by the intervention of any action or event connected to such right or claim due to a failure to fulfill the legal obligation. A seller can forfeit the advance paid by the buyer if he fails to purchases the property before the agreed date.

Forfeiture
(n) Forfeiture is the process by which a person lose the right on his property, article or claim due to his failure to fulfill the legal obligation. Eg. Forfeiture of earnest Money Deposit, when the bidder fails to execute the agreement or accept the awarded bid.

Forger
(n) Forger is the person who counterfeit or otherwise alter a document, records, identity, signature etc with an intention to fake the document and draw undue benefit from that which he is not otherwise eligible.

Forgery
(n) Forgery is the act of counterfeiting or otherwise altering a document, records, identity, signature etc with an intention to fake the document and draw undue benefit from that act.

Fornication
(n) Fornication is the act of involving in sexual relation ship between a man and a women without having a marriage relationship among them, by mutual consent or desire without external compulsions.

Forthwith
(adv) Forthwith is the situation or time frame within which an action, event etc are required to be done, as a consequence or relation of any other action or events necessitating the former. Eg. The holder of pledge need to return the property forthwith on the receipt of his money.

Forum
(n) Forum is the authority constituted by the law of land to deal a particular issue, law suit , dispute, situation etc.

Forum Non Conveniens
(n) Doctrine of 'Forum Non Convenience' establish the right of a person to request a change of court of trial when it results in undue hardship to him. The Latin word 'for-uhm nahn cahn-vee-nee-ehns' means 'an inconvenient forum'

Foster Child
(n) Foster Child is the child who is looked after by a person other than the parents, by an order of the court or any other authority, without a formal adoption of the child by such person.

Four Corners Of An Instrument
(n) The phrase 'Four Corners of An Instrument ' is used to limit the meaning and understanding of the provisions contained in a document within the expressed words in that document. In such an interpretation of document, the external factors will not influence the meaning.

Four Corners Rule
(n) Four Corners Rule requires to interpret the meaning and understanding of the provisions contained in a document by considering the overall meaning and intention of that document. In such an interpretation of document, the external factors will not influence the meaning. But the meaning of a sentence or clause is influenced by the document as a ...

Frame
To implicate a person with false evidence.

Franchise
(n) Franchise is the grand of a particular right, goodwill, brand name, property etc to a person or entity as per an agreement for a consideration. Eg. Franchise of Fast Food Chain.

Franchise Tax
(n) Franchise Tax is the tax or levy charged from a person or entity for granting of a particular right to do a business or commercial operation as per a special sanction or authority to do such business.

Fraud
(n) Fraud is the doing of any wrong activity with an intention to gain undue or illegitimate advantages at the detriment of the sufferer. Eg. Altering the accounts.

Fraud In The Inducement
(n) Fraud in Inducement is the fraudulent act of influencing a person to do an activity which he otherwise would not have done unless for such inducement. Eg. Representing that it is mandatory as per the prevailing law to fix a particular accessory he sells.

Fraudulent Conveyance
(n) Fraudulent conveyance is the transfer of title to a real property with an intention to avoid any possible claim which is due or may arise on such property. Eg. Selling the property when a creditor filed a suit to recover his dues from such property

Free And Clear
(adj) The phrase 'Free and Clear' is used to qualify a property which is free from all encumbrance, lien, claim or other legal charges. It is used to represent the clear title on the property in property transactions

Free On Board
(FOB) (adj) Free On Board is the phrase used to represent the pricing, cost structure, transfer of property right of a goods or merchandise sold, representing that sellers responsibility for incidental cost and risk ends when the goods are shipped on board of the transport vehicle. It is commonly termed as 'FOB' cost in whic...

Freedom Of Information Act
(FOIA) (n) Freedom of Information is the right of the citizen to get information about the governance, actions, decisions and past records which are not confidential and effecting the security of the nation, required by them from the authorities.

Freehold
(n) Freehold is the right in a property to hold it with a perpetual right. In freehold right there is no limit of time to hold the property like in case of leasehold property. A freehold property lies with the title holder unless he transfers it of his own.

Freeze Out
When shareholders with a large number of shares deny the rights of shareholders with smaller numbers of shares.

Fresh Pursuit
(n) Fresh Pursuit is the tracking down of a suspect, by a law enforcement officer, by chasing him anywhere or doing anything beyond the legitimate boundaries of his authority.

Friendly Suit
(n) Friendly suit is the lawsuit filed by a party against another, who has consented to the outcome of the case, with an intention to get a recorded order of the court, for the actions already agreed between them.

Frisk
(v) Frisk is the physical searching of the body by touching and feeling the bulges in the covered body to find concealed weapons. A frisk does not require a search warrant.

Frivolous
(Adj) Frivolous is used to qualify a law suit initiated solely with the purpose to harass, embarrass or otherwise put in to difficulty a person or entity with a baseless motion, contest, issues which the plaintiff knows are wrong, facts not opposed by defended etc.

Fruit Of The Poisonous Tree
(n) The phrase Fruit of Poison is used to represent the evidences, testimonials etc gathered by using illegitimate methods. It means when the method 'the tree' is poisonous its fruit 'the evidence collected' is also poisonous. Eg. Evidence collected in illegal search of a premises will not be allowed as a legitimate evidence.

Frustration Of Purpose
(n) Frustration Of Purpose is the situation on occurrence of an unexpected event which makes the performance of a contract impossible. Eg. Supply of goods to a country in war. Frustration of purpose entitle the party affected to rescind the contract without any claim for damage.

FSBO
For Sale By Owner. When an owner sells a house or property without enlisting the help of a broker or other intermediary.

Fugitive From Justice
(n) Fugitive from Justice is the person convicted or accused of a crime, who was fleeing away or hiding from the enforcement of legal action against him.

Full Disclosure
(n) Full Disclosure is act of providing all material information about an article or property intended or proposed to be transferred, which may influence the decision making of the buyer or proposed buyer.

Full Faith And Credit
(n) Full Faith And Credit is the requirement contained in the Statute, which stipulate the observance of faith in the public Acts, Judgments etc formed by the authority derived from the Statute, by all its States and Constituents. Article IV. (1) of US constitution says "Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, re...

Fungible Things
(n) Fungible Things are article, goods, produces etc which are formed in bulk groups and are dealt in bulk groups only. They are not dealt or used in single units. Eg. Food grain, Sand

Future Interest
(n) Future interest is the right to receive a property, right or benefit on the occurrence or non-occurrence of certain events, or on reaching of a particular time. Eg. 1 . Residual interest of a person on death of last beneficiary. 2. Transfer of trust property on attainment of majority

Futures Contract
Agreement to sell or buy a financial instrument or commodity at an explicit price and date in the future. Futures contracts differ from an option contract in that the futures contract carries the obligation to buy or sell opposed to carrying the right without obligation.

Gag Order
(n) Gag Order is the order issued by a judge prohibiting the attorney and parties involved in a legal procedure not to disclose or discuss the matter involved in the case to the public, when the judge is of the opinion that such an action may prejudice or influence the outcome the trial.

Garnish
(v) Garnish is the issuing of a court order directing a person or entity to withhold the funds, or the payments due to another person or entity against whom a legal claim is pending for disposal.

Garnishee
(n) Garnishee is the person or legal entity who was served with a court order directing him or them to withhold the funds or the payments due to another person or entity until an order or sanction is received from the court.

Garnishment
(n) Garnishment is the process of getting a court order directing a person or entity to withhold the funds, or the payments due to another person or entity against whom a legal claim is pending for disposal.

Gender Bias
(n) Gender bias is the prejudice in action or treatment against a person on the basis of their sex. Eg. Payment of lesser salary to weaker sex workers.

General Appearance
(n) General appearance is the representation of an attorney for all purpose connected with a law suit or legal action for a client. An attorney accepting a general appearance is responsible for all future actions unless otherwise decided by the client

General Counsel
(n) General Counsel is the Attorney who represents a corporation in all legal process in the court and does all its legal issues connected to the corporation as an employee of the corporation .

General Damages
(n) General Damages are the compensation awarded by a court in Lawsuits where claim for the damages, loss or injury cannot be quantified accurately in money terms. Eg. Damages awarded for non performance of contract to play a drama. Here specific damages can be the reimbursement of expenses met by the organizer, General Damages can be awarded for t...

General Denial
(n) General Denial is refutation of the entire claim, arguments, charges made against a person or entity without specifically denying each of the charges with definite and specific reasons

General Partner
(n) General Partner is the person who has agreed or entered in to an agreement to share the liabilities or debts owned by the partnership firm.

General Plan
(n) General Plan is the overall planning made about an area , land, city, county etc where in the areas are generally established for different purposes, zones and activities.

General Power Of Attorney
(n) General Power Of Attorney is the legal authority given to any person to manage all of his financial and business activities without limiting the scope to any particular transaction or act.

Generation Skipping
(adj) Generation Skipping is the omission of an in between generation while bestowing or providing gifts in a will or trust . Eg. Naming the grandchild as the beneficiary of a trust with out considering own child

Generic Mark
Symbol or word that references a type of product opposed to a specific product brand. A generic mark cannot be trademarked.

Genericide
The loss of trademark protection that results from a product being synonymous for all products of that type. See the definition for generic mark.

Gerrymandering
Defining legislative district boundaries in order to create an unfair advantage to one political party.

Gift
(n) Gift is the volunteer and irrevocable transfer of a property or article without any monitory consideration, to a person or entity out of natural love and affection towards such transferee

Gift In Contemplation Of Death
(n) Gift in Contemplation Of Death is the volunteer transfer of a property or article without any monitory consideration, by a person nearing his death, to a person or entity out of natural love and affection towards such transferee

Gift Tax
(n) Gift tax is the charge, duty levied by the Government on transaction involving voluntary transfer of money or article of money value without any consideration payable to the transferor. Gift taxes legislations generally contain limit above which taxes will be applicable

Go Bail
(v) Go Bail is the remittance or deposit of money as security for releases of an accused on bail during the pending of the trial, leading the accused to go on bail.

Golden Rule Argument
"When a lawyer asks the jury members to picture themselves in the plaintiff's situation. The court usually does not approve this type of argument because it is not founded on factual evidence, but emotion.

Good Cause
(n) Good Cause is a valid and sufficient reason or condition which is useful in forming an opinion, or which is worth in adopting an action or decision in the matter under consideration. Eg. Repetitive negligence to appear before the court is a good cause to issue an arrest warrant.

Good Faith
(n) Good Faith is the sincere effort and purpose of doing an action or activity with an aim or objective to achieve good results or outcomes. Eg. Intervening the fight between two persons, not knowing they are mocking a fight for a film shooting leading to spoiling of the shooting

Good Samaritan Rule
(n) Good Samaritan Rule is the phrase used to refer the natural responsibility of a person rendering voluntary aid to a suffering person to take diligent steps to protect the needy while imparting any aid to him.

Good Title
(n) Good Title the situation when a property is free from all encumbrances, lien, claim or other legal charges so that it can be transferred without any legal bondage. It is used to represent the clear title of the property in property transactions

Goods
(n) Goods are the articles, creations, properties that are made purchased or otherwise possessed for the purpose of transferring them for a price or consideration in the course of business.

Goodwill
(n) Goodwill is the advantage and reputation gathered, build-up or otherwise acquired by a business house during the course of its business life by better and satisfactory services. Good will is an asset to any business because it gives advantages over the competition

Governmental Immunity
(n) Governmental Immunity is the protection available to the statutory authorities, governmental body , officers etc against possible legal actions while they are within the ambit of their confined jurisdiction, authority or legitimate activity.

Grace Period
(n) Grace Period is the additional time provided in an agreement with in which a performance as per a contract can be executed after the expiry of the time set for doing that activity, without attracting any penal provisions. Eg. Bank guarantee can be revoked within its validity period, It may provide a grace period after its validity so that benef...

Grand Jury
(n) Grand Jury is the County or Federal Court District Jury selected from the list of nominations made by the judges. They are appointed every year.

Grand Larceny
(n) Grand Larceny is the theft or intentional unauthorized possession of a property of value exceeding the monitory limit set in the law of land. When the value of the property is below the stated amount it is termed as petty larceny

Grandfather Clause
(n) Grandfather Clause is the provision contained in a statute, zoning ordinance, law etc exempting a person or entity from certain provisions contained there in, to maintain their present activities, which will be affected by the new statute, ordinance etc.

Grandfathered In
(n) Grandfathered in is the right or sanction provided in a statute, zoning ordinance, law etc exempting a person or entity from certain provisions contained there in, to maintain their present activities, which will be affected by the new statute, ordinance etc.

Grant
(v) Grant is the legitimate transfer of the right in a real property held by a person or entity, to another person or entity, by sale, gift or other mode of transaction with or without for any consideration

Grant Deed
(n) Grant Deed is the document made for transfer of the right in a real property described with specific identification marks therein, held by a person or entity, to another person or entity, by sale, gift or other mode of transaction with or without for any consideration

Grantee
(n) Grantee is the person or legal entity who receives or accepts the legitimate transfer of the right in a real property held by a person or entity, by sale, gift or other mode of transaction

Grantor
(v) Grantor is the person or legal entity who transfer his right in a real property, to another person or entity, by a grant or deed executed by him

Grantor-Grantee Index
(n) Grantor-Grantee Index is the record of deeds maintained with the County Recorder or Recorder of deeds containing the index of all recorded transfer title deeds.

Gratuitous
(adj) Gratuitous is the situation where a person or entity do, act or perform an activity which is not demanded, requested or otherwise obligatory on the part of the person doing or performing it.