Copy of `Superglossary - Psychiatry`

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Superglossary - Psychiatry
Category: Sciences > Psychiatry
Date & country: 15/12/2013, US
Words: 467

An emotional release or discharge after recalling a painful experience that has been repressed becau

A lack of will or motivation which is often expressed as inability to make decisions or set goals. Q

The loss of a previously possessed ability to calculate mathematically.

Acculturation Difficulty
A problem stemming from an inability to appropriately adapt to a different culture or environment, t

A neurotransmitter in the brain, which helps to regulate memory, and in the peripheral nervous syste

Acting Out
This is the process of expressing unconscious emotional conflicts or feelings via actions rather tha

The realization of ones full potential intellectual, psychological, physical

Acute Dystonia
An extrapyramidal symptom caused by some antipsychotics which takes the form of involuntary twisting

Acute Schizophrenia
(a-cute skiz-o-fre-ne-ah) The height of symptoms of schizophrenia.

The inability to perform rapid alternating movements of one or more of the extremities. This task i

pattern of observable behaviours which is the expression of a subjectively experienced feeling state

Affective Disorder
(ah-feck-tiv dis-or-der) A mental disorder in which the main symptom is an abnormal mood; usually de

Affective Flattening
Limited range and intensity of emotional expression. A negative symptom of schizophrenia.

Affective Symptoms
Symptoms of schizophrenia that relate to mood or emotional expression.

Excessive motor activity that accompanies and is associated with a feeling of inner tension. The ac

Failure to recognize or identify objects despite intact sensory function; This may be seen in demen

Agnostic Alexia
words can be seen but cannot be read.

Agonist Medication
A chemical entity that is not naturally occuring within the body which acts upon a receptor and is

literally a fear of the market place. Generally high levels of anxiety and phobic symptoms. May incl

An acute condition characterised by an abnormally low level of white blood cells, which impairs the

(ah-gran-yu-lo-si-to-sis) A serious condition in which white blood cells decrease in number or disap

The loss of a pre-existing ability to express ones self through the act of writing.

Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale - an assessment tool designed to measure abnormal movements in d

The medical word for extreme restlessness, one complaints of restlessness accompanied by movements s

A state of motor inhibition or reduced voluntary movement.

Akinetic Mutism
A state of apparent alertness with following eye movements but no speech or voluntary motor respons

Loss of a previously intact ability to grasp the meaning of written or printed words and sentences.

A disturbance in affective and cognitive function that can be present in an assortment of diagnosti

Fear of pain.

The estrangement felt in a setting one views as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable. For exampl

An impoverishment in thinking that is inferred from observing speech and language behavior. There m

series or tentative, incomplete movements carried out when a voluntary action is anticipated.

The coexistence of contradictory emotions, attitudes, ideas, or desires with respect to a particula

(a-men-o-re-ah) Absence of menstrual periods. This can be a side-effect of antipsychotic medications

Subnormal development of the mind, with particular reference to intellectual capacities; a type of

A disorder of language characterized by an inability to make gestures or to understand the signific

Loss of memory. Types of amnesia include

Amnestic Aphasia
Loss of the ability to name objects.

seen in South-East Asia. Outburst of aggressive behaviour in which the patient runs amok during a de

In psychoanalytic terminology, dependence of the infant on the mother or mother substitute for a se

Anal Stage
The period of pregenital psychosexual development, usually from 1 to 3 years, in which the child ha

The developmental history of a patient and of his or her illness, especially recollections.

Anankastic Personality
Synonym for obsessive-compulsive personality.

Inability to experience pleasure from activities that usually produce pleasurable feelings. Contras

In Jungian psychology, a persons inner being as opposed to the character or persona presented to th

Apathy, alienation, and personal distress resulting from the loss of goals previously valued. Emile

lack of awareness of a disease

Medication, hormone, or neurotransmitter that binds to a receptor and prevents a response.

An agent that has the ability to bind to a receptor and prevent or block a response.

Blocking the action of acetylcholine, one of the chemicals the body makes to help nerve cells commun

Anticholinergic Effects
A group of side effects of some antipsychotics, including dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation an

Medication used to treat depression.

Medication used to treat psychosis.

The apprehensive anticipation of future danger or misfortune accompanied by a feeling of dysphoria o

Medications used to reduce serious anxiety, tension, and agitation. They used to be known as minor t

Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or concern.

An impairment in the understanding or transmission of ideas by language in any of its forms--reading

An inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larynx that is not due to a lesion

Perception as modified and enhanced by ones own emotions, memories, and biases.

Inability to carry out previously learned skilled motor activities despite intact comprehension and

Abnormal heart rhythm.

A Piagetian term describing a persons ability to comprehend and integrate new experiences.

Inability to recognize familiar objects by touch that cannot be explained by a defect of elementary

Partial or complete loss of coordination of voluntary muscular movement.

The ability to focus in a sustained manner on a particular stimulus or activity. A disturbance in at

Atypical Antipsychotic
A newer class of antipsychotic, developed with the aim of offering better symptom control and fewer

Auditory Hallucination
A hallucination involving the perception of sound, most commonly of voices. Some clinicians and inve

A premonitory, subjective brief sensation (e.g., a flash of light) that warns of an impending headac

Sensual self-gratification. Characteristic of, but not limited to, an early stage of emotional devel

Automatic and apparently undirected non-purposeful behaviour that is not consciously controlled. See

Phantom mirror image hallucination in which one sees and recognizes oneself

Inability to localize and name the parts of ones own body. finger agnosia would be autotopagnosia re

An inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. When severe enough to be considere

Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale

An agent that inhibits the action of beta-adrenergic receptors, which modulate cardiac functions, re

Bipolar Disorder
An affective disorder characterized by extreme changes in mood ranging from mania to depression. Thi

Bizarre Delusion
A delusion that involves a phenomenon that the persons culture would regard as totally implausible.

A sudden obstruction or interruption in spontaneous flow of thinking or speaking, perceived as an ab

Blunted Affect
reduction in emotional expression

Body Image
Ones sense of the self and ones body.

Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale - an assessment tool for the evaluation of drug treatment effects on

Neurologic condition characterized by a generalized slowness of motor activity.

Brocas Aphasia
Loss of the ability to comprehend language coupled with production of inappropriate language.

Grinding of the teeth, occurs unconsciously while awake or during stage 2 sleep. May be secondary to

Capgras Syndrome
a person who is familiar to the patient is believed to have been replaced by a double

Waxy flexibility--rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period of time.

Episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone resulting in the individual collapsing, often in as

Catatonic Behaviour
Marked motor abnormalities including motor immobility (i.e., catalepsy or stupor), certain types of

Catatonic Schizophrenia
(kat-a-ton-ik skiz-o-fre-ne-ah) Schizophrenia characterized by marked disturbance which may involve

The healthful (therapeutic) release of ideas through talking out conscious material accompanied by a

Attachment, conscious or unconscious, of emotional feeling and significance to an idea, an object, o

A sensation of intense pain of either organic or psychological origin.

Central Aphasia
difficult in arranging words in their correct sequence

Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord. The CNS is responsible for coordinating the activities of all parts of th

Cerea Flexibilitas
The waxy flexibility often present in catatonic schizophrenia in which the patients arm or leg remai

Cerebrovascular Ischaemia
A reduction in oxygen reaching the brain as a result of obstruction of the blood supply or inadequat

Clinical Global Impression - an assessment tool for the evaluation of drug treatment effects on dise

A typical antipsychotic.

Chronic Schizophrenia
(kron-ik skiz-o-fre-ne-ah) A disorder in which the symptoms of schizophrenia persist long-term.

slowed thinking incorporating unnecessary trivial details. Eventually the goal of the thought is rea