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The Wine Doctor - Vintner terms
Category: Food and Drink > Wine terms
Date & country: 01/02/2011, US
Words: 26


aftertaste
The taste left on the palate after the wine has been swallowed. The persistence of the aftertaste - the length - may be used as an indicator of the quality of the wine.

ap
(Germany) The Amtliche Prüfnummer (or AP number) is a unique code assigned to each individual bottling of quality wine produced by every winemaker in Germany. For more information see my German wine guide.

ausbruch
(Austria) A Prädikat category for sweet wines from Rust in Austria. The grapes have undergone noble rot and have a must weight of more than 27 KMW.

bentonite
A clay that can be used as a fining agent.

colheita
(Portugal) An aged tawny Port from a single vintage which will be declared on the label.

crossing
A crossing is the result of breeding two Vitis vinifera plants. This is distinct from a hybrid which involves using American vines.

demisec
(France) Medium-dry.

docitaly
(Italy) A high quality level for Italian wine. Often abbreviated to DOC. The equivalent of the French appellation contrôlée.

dospain
(Spain) A high quality level for Spanish wine. Often abbreviated to DO. The equivalent of the French appellation contrôlée.

erzeugerabfullung
(Germany) Means bottled by the producer. Related terms include abfüllung and gutsabfüllung.

estufa
(Portugal) The estufa are the hothouses where Madiera is made. The heating of the wine is an essential part in the development of the character and flavour of Madeira wine.

freerun
The free-run wine is the juice that runs off the vat without any pressing. The wine released by pressing the cap is known as press wine.

gonc
(Hungary) A barrel used for making Tokay.

gutsabfullung
(Germany) Means estate-bottled. Related terms include abfüllung and erzeugerabfüllung.

hectolitre
A measure of volume commonly used when expressing yields; a hectolitre is 100 litres.

hybrid
A hybrid grape results from a cross between a Vitis vinifera variety - such as Riesling or Pinot Noir - with an American vine. This is distinct from a crossing.

isinglass
A fining agent comprising protein from fresh-water fish.

microclimate
This term describes the climate immediately around the vine. It is influenced by canopy management. Related terms include mesoclimate and macroclimate.

millerandage
(France) This term describes the failure of some grapes in a normal bunch to fully develop. The result is uneven berry size. It is caused by cool weather during flowering.

residual
Refers to any substance that remains after the fermentation. Typically used in relation to sugar (see below).

sec
(France) This term describes a dry wine.

spinningcone
Another term used to describe a centrifuge.

synthetic
The posh phrase for plastic cork. The intention is to prevent cork taint. For more information see my information pages on corks and screwcaps and faulty wines

vdt
(France) The lowest category for French wine. By law such wines may not even declare grape varieties or vintage on the label - that is if they ever get as far as being bottled. These are the wines that you still see dispensed by the petrol pump appliances en vrac at lowly co-operatives.

vendange
(France) Harvest.

vignoble
(France) Vineyard. Are you seeing a pattern emerge here?