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Aviemore Golf - Golfing terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Golf terms
Date & country: 14/01/2011, UK
Words: 515


ace
A hole made in one stroke

address
The stance taken by a player in preparing to hit the ball. The positioning of your body in relationship to the golf ball. Same as "addressing the ball".

Address
To position the body relative to the ball just before hitting it.

aggregate
Refers to a score made over more than one round of play, or by 2 or more players playing as partners.

air shot
When a player intends to play a shot but misses the ball completely.

albatross
Former name of a "Double Eagle" - the score for a hole made in 3 strokes under par. A British term.

alternate ball
Format in which players alternate hitting each other's ball on each stroke until the hole is finished. For example, after teeing off, player 1 hits player 2's ball and vice versa.

amateur
A golfer who plays without monetary compensation.

angle of approach
The angle or degree at which The club moves downward, or upward, toward The ball.

approach shot
Normally a short or medium shot played to the putting green or pin

apron
The grassy area surrounding the putting surface. See fringe.

attack
To play with purpose and aggressively.

attend the flag
To hold and then remove the flag while another player putts.

away
The ball that is the greatest distance from the hole when more than one golfer is playing. It is the first to be played.

back door
The rear of the hole.

back lip
The edge of the bunker that is farthest from the green.

back nine
The last 9 holes of an 18 hole course

backspin
A reverse spin placed on the ball to make in stop short on the putting surface

backswing
The backward part of the swing starting from the ground and going back over the head

baff
An obsolete term, Scottish in origin, meaning to hit or graze the ground behind the ball.

baffle
Previous name given to a 5 wood.

baffy
A lofted wooden club developed from the baffling-spoon no longer in use. Also the alternate name given to the 4 wood.

bail out
To avoid trouble, such as a water hazard, in one area by hitting the ball well into another area.

balata
A hard, resilient sap-like substance from the South American Balata tree that is used to make a cover for rubber-cored golf balls.

ball
The round object which we attempt to hit into the hole. Prior to the 17th century it was made of wood or wool in a leather cover. After the 17th century feathers were boiled and compressed, then sewn in a leather cover. It continued to evolve to a solid gutta percha (or a mixture with gutta percha other substances) in the 1850's and strip rubber w...

ball at rest
The ball has come to a complete stop on the fairway or green

ball embedded
A techinical term for a plugged ball

ball holed
A ball is holed when it is entirely below the level of the lip of the hole

ball in play
A ball is in play as soon as the player has made a stroke in the tee off area. It remains in play until it is holed out except when it is out of bounds, lost, lifted or when another ball is substituted in accordance with the rules.

ball marker
A token or a small coin used to spot the balls position on the green prior to lifting it

ball retriever
A long pole with a scoop on the end which is used to collect balls from water hazards and other areas.

ball washer
A device found on many tees for cleaning golf balls

banana ball
A slice that curves to the right in the shape of a banana. An extreme slice.

bandit
See hustler

baseball grip
Holding the club with all ten fingers on the grip.

beach
A sand hazard on the course

bend
The curve on a shot created by sidespin.

bend one
To hook or slice a shot by using sidespin.

bent grass
Type of grass seen for the most part on Northern courses. It is of the genus Agrostis, native to North America and Eurasia. It is a hardy and resilient type of grass that can be cut very short.

bermuda
Type of grass seen mostly on Southern courses in North America. Of the type Cynodon dactylon. Originally native to southern Europe. It was introduced to warmer areas of the world to be used on courses where bent grass will not grow.

best ball
A match in which one player plays against the better of two balls or the best ball of three players. Also the better score of two partners in a four-ball or best-ball match.

better ball
A match play or stroke play gamewhen two players on a side each play their own ball score the better of their two scores at each hole against the other side.

bird's nest
A lie in which the ball is cupped in deep grass.

birdie
One stroke under par for a hole. Also possibly derived from the term "It flew like a bird" to indicate a good shot.

bite
The backspin imparted on the ball that makes the ball stop dead, or almost so, with little or no roll.

blade
1) The hitting part of an iron clubhead, not including the hosel. 2) To hit the ball with the leading edge of the blade of an iron.

blade Putter
A type of putter with an iron head with the basic form the same as other standard numbered irons.

blast
A shot that takes a large amount of sand with it when hitting out of a sand trap. An explosion shot. An aggressive shot. A powerful drive.

blind Bogey
A type of competition in which each player tries to come the closest to a score that has been drawn out of a hat.

blind hole
If the putting green cannot be seen by the player as he approaches, the hole is called blind.

block
To play a shot by delaying the rotation of the wrists during a swing. This causes the clubface not to be square at the point of impact resulting in a sliced ball.

bogey
A score of one over par for the hole. To play a hole in one stroke over par.

bogey competition
A form of stroke play in which players play against a fixed score at each hole. Scored as in match play with the winner being the most holes.

bold
A firmly played approach to a well -protected pin. Also, too strong or long a shot.

borrow
To play to one side of the hole or the other to compensate for the slope of the green.

boundary
The edge of the golf course that defines the area of play.

bowker
This refers to a shot that appears to be horrible and then hits a tree, a rock, a spectator, etc. and bounces back into play. Sample usage: "I would have bogeyed the fourth hole but I got a bowker." Pronounced "boughkur".

bramble
A small molded bump on some types of golf balls (gutta purcha and rubber core). Intended to give aerodynamic properties like the dimples on present day balls.

brassie
Former name given to a 2 wood. A wooden club with a brass sole plate with more loft than a driver and less than the than the spoon.

break
To make less than a specified score. Such as when you finally broke 90.

break
The way in which the ball will roll or bounce. Also the sideways slope on the green.

break the Wrists
To bend the wrists back during a swing.

British Ball
The type of golf ball specified by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews. Diameter is not less than 1.620 inches and the weight is not more than 1.620 ounces. Now used mainly in amateur play.

British Open
The Open - the first one ever held. The National Championship put on by the Royal And Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, Scotland.

bulge
The curve across the face of a wooden club.

bulger
A wooden club with a slightly convex face. Mainly a driver.

bull dog
Former name for a 4 or 5 wood.

bump and run
A chip shot including the run of the ball after landing. Also known as 'chip and run'

bunker
A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. Also called a "sand trap". It is considered a hazard under the Rules of Golf.

bunt
To hit an intentional short shot

burn
The Scottish term for a creek or stream

burried ball
A ball partially buried beneath the sand in a bunker

buzzard
A score of two strokes over par for a hole.

bye
A term used in tournaments. The player who draws a "bye" is allowed to advance to the next round without playing an opponent. In match play, it is the hole or holes still left to play if the match is won before the 18th hole.

caddie (caddy)
Someone who carries a player's club during play and offers him assistance in accordance with the rules.

caddie master
The golf course employee in charge of managing the caddies.

caddie-car
A golf car or car.

Calamity Jane
The name that Bobby Jones gave to his putter. Also putters modeled after his hickory-shafted blade putter

can
In slang, to hole a putt.

cap
The top end of a club grip and shaft

card
A card used to record scores in stroke play. Also, to make a record of your score.

carpet
A slang term referring to the putting green or fairway.

carry
The length of travel by the ball after it is hit to the place where it first hits the ground

cart
A two-wheeled trolley on which a golf is fitted and pulled around the course. In some cases trolleys are battery powered. Can also refer to a golf car.

casual water
Any temporary accumulations of water that are visible before or after a player takes his stance and is not a hazard or in a water hazard. A player may lift his ball from casual water without penalty

center shafted
Putter in which the shaft is joined to the center of the head.

charge
To surge from behind and display superior play. Also to play or putt aggressively.

chart the course
Pace each hole so that you know how far you are from the green.

chili-dip
To hit the ground before the ball, producing a weak lofted shot.

chip in
A holed chip shot.

chip shot
A short approach shot of low trajectory usually hit from near the green. It is normally hit with overspin or bite.

chip-and-run
A chip shot including the run of the ball after landing. Also known as 'bump and run'

choke
To grip down farther on the club handle.

choke
A slang term used to indicate a collapse under pressure

chop
To hit the ball with a hacking motion

claim
The term used in match play to denote a protest by a player regarding a possible breach of the rules.

cleat
The spike on the sole of a golf shoe.

cleek
Any one of many narrow-bladed iron clubs used for long shots through the green from the rough or sand. Another name for the # 1 iron. Also, a shallower faced lofted wooden club. Another name for the #4 wood.

closed face
When the clubface is pointed to the left of the target when you address the ball.

closed stance
The left foot extends over the balls line of flight while the right foot is back