Copy of `Plugs and Spinners - Fishing terms`

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Plugs and Spinners - Fishing terms
Category: Agriculture and Industry > Fishing terms
Date & country: 01/02/2014, USA
Words: 55


action
measure of rod performance ranging from slow to fast and describes how quickly the rod returns to its straight configuration after being flexed. Also used to describe the movement of any particular lure.

active fish
fish that are feeding heavily and striking aggressively.

angler
person using a fishing pole or rod and reel to catch fish.

bail
metal arm of an fixed-spool reel that engages the line after a cast.

bait
can mean live bait or artificial bait, such as a lure.

baitfish
small fish that are eaten by predatory fish.

barb
a sharp projection on a fishing hook that holds a hooked fish.

barbless
a hook manufactured without a barb, or one made barbless by cutting it off, filing it off or flattening the barb.

bib
the flat plastic protrusion on the front of a lure which determines the depth the lure can reach.

bite
when a fish takes or touches a lure so that the fisherman feels it.

braid
an alternative to monofilament line. Braid is made from strands of fibres and is the referred fishing line for lure anglers due to increased sensitivity and reduced stretch.

bullet sinker
a shaped piece of lead of varying weights that slides up and down the line.

buzzbait
top-water bait with propeller-type blades that churn the water during a retrieve

carolina rig
a special rig in which an exposed or hidden hook is used with a soft plastic bait such as a rubber worm placed 2 to 3 feet behind a weight

catch-and-release
refers to catching a fish and immediately releasing it. Many anglers practice catch-and-release as a way to help protect our waters. This method is mandatory in many places and dependent on the size of the catch in others.

crankbait
a hard plastic or wooden lure that dives when retrieved.

deep diver
a plug (or lure) that has a large 'bib' and will swim down deep as you retrieve.

disgorger
device for removing hooks deeply embedded in the throat of fish.

drag
the device on a reel that puts pressure on the line as it plays out and prevents the line from breaking.

eyelets
the eyelets are the line guides or rings on a fishing rod through which line is passed.

fluorocarbon
a type of monofilament line that is near-invisible in water.

foul-hook
to hook a fish other than in the mouth.

freshwater
describes a body of water such as rivers, lakes and streams.

jerk
a jerk is a method of flicking the rod during retrieval causing the lure to 'jerk' resembling the irratic movements of a wounded bait fish.

jighead
a hook with a weight attached that is usually threaded through a soft plastic lure or worm.

landing
the act of bringing a fish to the bank or shore, out of water and on to dry land.

landing net
a net used to safely lift the fish from the water once it has been reeled in.

leader
the leader is the final length of line nearest the lure. You may have a fluorocarbon leader attached to your mainline which may be braid or mono.

license
some types of fishing require a license, specifically salmon, trout and course fishing. These are purchased from the Environment Agency and you must have one to fish these types.

line
describes the fishing line you are using. This will be mono, braid or fluorocarbon.

mainline
describes the main body of line that you are using that fills the majority of your spool.

marks
a 'mark' is a term used to describe a particular place where people fish from.

mepps spinners
a brand name spinner. Consists of a spoon like blade and treble hook and spins and vibrates when retrieved through the water.

mono
short for monofilament fishing line.

monofilament
a single, untwisted, synthetic filament.

permit
different from a fishing license, a permit must be purchased to fish certain waters in the UK. These can be bought from most local tackle shops.

plug
a plug is the name for a hard plastic or wooden lure.

popper
top-water plug with a dished-out head designed to make a splash when pulled sharply to imitate a wounded baitfish struggling on the surface.

priest
the name given to a short, hard baton which is used to humanely dispatch a c fatally-wounded fish or a fish you intend on keeping for the table.

retrieve
the word used to describe the action of reeling in the lure you have cast out. These can be fast, slow, deep, shallow and jerky or straight.

rig
the name given for the setup of line, weight, swivels and hooks at the end of your line. There are many many different types of rig which are used for other types of fishing. Lucky for us lure fishermen there are just a few to learn.

saltwater
a body of water connected to the sea such as a marina, dockyard, estuary or the sea itself.

shad
any of several species of forage fish that have a rather deep body. Many soft-plastic or rubber lures are shad shaped.

shallow diver
a lure which has a short, angular bib which will not dive deep but will only reach up to a few feet on the retrieve.

snag
hitting a snag is when your lure or hooks get caught on submerged material such as weeds or branches. A snaggy area of water is one where there are many of these hazards. Snags are the main reason that lures get lost.

spinners
a type of lure that is typically metal and spins through the water, flashing to attract the predators. Dexter wedges, Abu Tobys or Mepps-style spoons are some examples.

spinning
a manner of fishing employing an fixed spool reel and short, lightweight rod. The reel is mounted on the underside of the rod and the rod guides are also on the underside of the rod. Used to cast and retrieve lures such as plugs and spinners.

spinning reel
a fixed spool reel with a drag mechanism.

stinger-hook
an additional hook placed on a lure often at the back of a lure.

swivel
a small metal item with two eyelets which will spin freely. Prevents line tangle.

swivelclip
a swivel with a clip attached to it. This will connect to the end of your line and allow you to clip lures on and off with minimal effort.

terminal tackle
equipment attached to the end of a fishing line; examples include hooks, snaps, swivels, snap-swivels, sinkers, floats, and plastic beads.

treble hook
a hook with a single or bundled shaft and three points.

trolling
towing a lure or several lures behind a boat. Can also refer to the method of fishing where you drop a lure in and walk along the bank so the lure moves slowly across the waters edge.

weedless
a description of a lure designed to be fished in snaggy areas. The hook will sit inside the body of the lure until a predator hits at which point the hook becomes exposed. This means the probabiity of getting snagged is much lower in weedy areas.