Copy of `ISAF - Sailing terms`

The wordlist doesn't exist anymore, or, the website doesn't exist anymore. On this page you can find a copy of the original information. The information may have been taken offline because it is outdated.


ISAF - Sailing terms
Category: Agriculture and Industry > Sailing glossary
Date & country: 09/11/2010, USA
Words: 33


Boom
The horizontal pole or spar attached to the mast and the bottom of the sail.

Bow
The front of the boat.

Buoy
A floating marker.

Capsize
When a boat overturns.

Centreboard
An adjustable fin primarily used to stop the boat moving sideways through the water. Also called daggerboard.

Course
The route which the boats must sail to complete the race.

Daggerboard
An adjustable fin primarily used to stop the boat moving sideways through the water. Also called centreboard.

Dinghy
e.g. Laser, Laser Radial, 470, Finn the dinghies used at the Olympics they all have a one hull and a centreboard or daggerboard.

Downwind
Boats sailing downwind have the wind behind them. If a boat has a spinnaker it will be used while sailing downwind.

Genoa/Headsail/Jib
The smaller sail at the front

Hiking/hike out
To lean out over the side to balance the boat against the force of the wind.

Jury
The group of Rules experts who decide the outcome of protests.

Keelboat
e.g. Star, Yngling A boat with a `keel” – the fin attached to the bottom that prevents it from capsizing and stops it moving sideways through the water.

Kite (asymmetric)
A large, often colourful sail used during downwind sailing set in front of the other sails (carried by the 470, 49er, Tornado and Yngling) The 49er and Tornado both use an asymmetric spinnaker. Also called spinnaker.

Knot
A measure of wind speed 1 knot = 1 nautical mile per hour, 1.15 mph and 1.85 km/h.

Leeward
The side furthest away from the wind.

Mainsail
The sail behind the mast.

Mast
The vertical spar or pole to which the sail(s) are attached.

Medal Race
The final race in the series. Only the top 10 boats after the opening series compete and scores are doubled.

Multihull
e.g. Tornado A boat with more than one hull. The Tornado has two hulls and is also known as a catamaran.

Port
The left hand side of a boat when looking forward. A boat is on `port tack” when the wind is coming from the left.

Protest
A claim that another boat has broken the Rules.

Race Officials
The Officials responsible for running the race and enforcing the Rules. This group includes the Measurers who ensure that each sailor`s equipment is equal and within the rules, the Race Officers who run the races and the Judges and Umpires who are rules experts and make decisions about whether rules have been broken.

Sheet
A rope used to control a sail.

Skiff
e.g. 49er A light open dinghy with a self draining hull.

Slalom finish
A technical section of the windsurfing (RS:X) course involving multiple changes of direction in quick succession.

Spinnaker (asymmetric)
A large, often colourful sail used during downwind sailing set in front of the other sails (carried by the 470, 49er, Tornado and Yngling) The 49er and Tornado both use an asymmetric spinnaker. Also called kite.

Starboard
The right hand side of a boat when looking forward. A boat is on `starboard tack” when the wind is blowing from the right.

Tiller
The handle attached to the rudder used to steer a boat

Trapeze
A wire attached to the mast to which a sailor wearing a harness attaches him/herself. It enables them to position their weight further out of the boat providing greater balance against the boat heeling over. Used on the 470, 49er and Tornado.

Upwind
Sailing upwind means to sail towards the direction the wind is coming from. A boat cannot sail directly into the wind so will sail a zig zag course to reach the upwind (windward) mark.

Windsurfer
e.g. RS:X The board, sail, mast etc on which the sailor stands up.

Windward
The side closest to the wind.