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Superglossary - Painting
Category: Arts > Painting
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 308


Abrasion Resistance
Resistance to being worn away by rubbing or friction; related more to toughness than to hardness. A

Academy Board
An economic board for oil-painting. It is made from several sheets of paper sized together. The face

Acid Free
Acid free refers to papers without acid (ph) in the pulp when manufactured. High acidity papers degr

Acrylics
Pigments dispersed with acrylic resin (synthetic resins made by polymerization of acrylic acid ester

Adhesion
The strength of a paint or sealant to remain attached to a surface.

Aerosol
A product feature that uses compressed gas to spray the product from its container.

Airbrush
An implement that resembles a thick fountain-pen and which has a small container near the nozzle. By

Airless Spray
A spray that increases the fluid pressure of paint by means of a pump that causes atomization with a

Alia Prima
A method by which a painting is usually completed in one sitting�painting in a direct manner.

Alkyds
These recently introduced colours act as an extension to oil-painting. They have a uniform speed of

Alligatoring
Condition of paint film where surface is cracked and develops an appearance similar to alligator ski

Aluminum Paint
A paint that includes aluminum particles and gives a metallic finish when dried.

Analogous Colours
A grouping of related colours next to each other on the colour wheel. Example

Anti-Corrosive Paint
Metal paint designed to inhibit corrosion. Applied directly to metal.

Antique Finish
A finish usually applied to furniture or woodwork to give the appearance of age.

Aquarelle
The French term for the process and product of painting in transparent watercolour.

Atmospheric Perspective
Suggesting perspective in a painting with changes in tone and colour between foreground and backgrou

Back Glass Painting
Painting pictures on the back of sheets of glass. With this manner the artist has to work his pictur

Back Primed
When a coat of paint is applied to the back of woodwork and exterior siding to prevent moisture from

Back Runs
When your fresh brush stroke hits a still damp wash it will force the original wash out in a irregul

Background
The area of a painting farthest from the viewer. In a landscape this would include the sky and horiz

Benzine
Often used as a lacquer dilutent. Highly volatile and a fire hazard in shipping and storing.

Bladder
From the mid i7th century artists' pigments when mixed with oil were stored in small bladders. To us

Bleaching
The process of restoring discolored or stained wood to its normal color or making it lighter.

Blistering
The formation of bubbles or pimples on the painted surface caused by moisture in the wood by paintin

Body
The thickness or thinness of a liquid paint.

Body Color
The mixing of opaque white gouache with transparent watercolor; or gouache colors in general.

Boxing
Mixing paint by pouring from one container to another several times to ensure thorough mixing.

Bridging
Ability of paint to span small gaps or cracks through its cohesion and elastic qualities.

Bright
A brush with short-haired bristles.

Bristle
The working part of a brush containing natural bristles (usually hog hair) or artificial bristles (n

Bristol Board
A stiff durable ply-produced cardboard suitable for pen and ink work or water-colour and gouache.

Broken Color
A color that is broken by another color.

Broken Colors
The unequal mixing of two complementary colors.

Brush Marks
Marks of brush that remain in the dried paint film.

Brush-Out
A technique sometimes used to influence a large sale that consists of brushing out a sample of paint

Brushability
The ability or ease with which paint can be brushed.

Bubbles
Air bubbles in a drying paint film caused by excessive brushing during application or by over vigoro

Build
Thickness or depth of a paint film.

Burning In
Repairing a finish by melting stick shellac into the damaged places by using a heated knife blade or

Burnisher
An instrument to polish either a metal surface or other substance that will take it. It is either sh

Burnishing
Shiny areas on a painted surface achieved by rubbing or washing the surface.

Cabinet Pictures
An old-fashioned name for small easel paintings.

Calcimine
A water-thinned paint composed essentially of calcium carbonate or clay glue.

Camera Obscura
Another optical copying device which is much larger than the lucida. It relies on the principle that

Carpenters Pencil
A graphite pencil that features a flat ovoid wooden grip surrounding a wide graphite core capable of

Cartoon
A preparatory sketch or design that is then transferred to the final work surface.

Casein
A milk protein used as a binder for casein colours. It is prepared by drying the curd from sour milk

Cassone
An Italian word for the marriage coffer. In the Renaissance period it was the fashion to have painte

Cast Shadow
The dark area that results when the source of light has been intercepted by an object.

Catalyst
An ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes used in two component paint systems.

Chalking
The formation of a loose powder or the surface of paint after exposure to the elements.

Chalks
Sticks of prepared calcium carbonate left white and either used as a drawing material on a dark-tint

Checking
A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.

Chiaroscuro
1) The rendering of light and shade in painting; the subtle gradations and marked variations of ligh

Chroma
The purity or degree of saturation of a color; relative absence of white or gray in a color.

Classical
Established ideals of perfection.

Claude Glass
A small convex mirror that instead of being silvered was blackened at the back. The idea was that be

Clear Coating
A transparent protective and/or decorative film.

Cleavage
It implies that the adhesion of paint layers in a picture has failed.

Coalescing
The settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water evaporates.

Coat
A layer of paint.

Cohesion
Attraction of molecules within a coating (how it holds together).

Cold Pressed
Watercolour paper that is Cold Pressed (CP) or 'Not' Pressed (NP) has mildly rough texture. It takes

Collage
A method of picture-making which incorporates a wide variety of materials and often a certain degree

Color Retention
The ability of paint to resist fading.

Colorant
Concentrated color that can be added to paints to make a specific color.

Colorfast
Fade resistant.

Complimentary Colours
Red and green; blue and orange; yellow and purple... Colours that are opposite one another. When pla

Composition
The arrangement of elements of form and colour within an artwork.

Corrosion Inhibitor
Any material applied in order to prevent the rusting of metals.

Coverage
The area over which a given amount of paint will spread and hide the previous surface. (Usually expr

Cracking
The type of paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines wide enough to expose the under

Crawling
Varnish defect in which poor adhesion of varnish to surface in some spots causes it to gather up in

Creosote
A type of liquid coating made from coal tar that is used as a wood preservative. It should not be us

Crocodiling
A pattern that appears on paint due to the inability of the paint to bond to the surface below.

Curing
Final conversion or drying or a coating material.

Degreaser
Any material used for removing oils or grease from a substrate.

Design
The planned composition of a work of art.

Dry Brush
Any textured application of paint where your brush is fairly dry (thin or thick paint) and you rely

Dry Dust Free
That stage of drying when particles of dust that settle upon the surface do not stick to the paint f

Dry Tack Free
That stage of drying when the paint no longer feels sticky or tacky when lightly touched.

Dry To Handle
That stage of drying when a paint film has hardened sufficiently so the object or surface painted ma

Dry To Recoat
That stage of drying when the next coat can be applied.

Dry To Sand
That stage of drying when a paint film can be sanded without the sandpaper sticking or clogging.

Dye
A colored material used just to dye or change color with little or no hiding of the underlying surfa

Ebauche
In oil-painting it signifies the first underpainting. It should be low in oil content to enable subs

Ebony Pencil
A drawing pencil that features a thick core of graphite formulated to be very black and smooth. Capa

Echoppe
A needle that has had its point bevelled to an oval facet that can be used in etching and engraving.

Eggshell
An interior paint that has a silk-like appearance.

Eggshell Finish
The degree of gloss between a flat and gloss finish.

Elasticity
The ability of paint or sealant to expand and contract with the substrate without suffering damage o

Emulsion Paint
Paint in which particles are suspended in water or oil with the aid of an emulsifier as in latex pai

Enamel
A colored varnish or high gloss paint that is dirt resistant. Often used in kitchens and bathrooms.

Epoxy
Clear finish having excellent adhesion qualities; extremely abrasion and chemical resistant. Epoxies

Erosion
The wearing away of a paint film caused by exposure to the weather.

Etch
Surface preparation by chemical means to improve the adhesion of coating.

Extender
Inexpensive and inert pigment added to paint for bulk and to lower costs.

Exterior
The outside surfaces of a structure.

Fat
Rich in oil content.