Copy of `Kolkata Birds - Exotic birds index`

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Kolkata Birds - Exotic birds index
Category: Animals and Nature > Exotic Birds of India
Date & country: 27/09/2013, IN
Words: 108


Adult
Mature, Capable of breeding.

Aerial
Making use of the open sky.

Altitudinal migrant
Moving between high mountains and lower foothills.

Apical
Outer extremities, particularly of the tail.

Aquatic
Living on or in water.

Arboreal
Living in trees.

Axillaries
Underwing feathers at the base of the wings, forming

Basal
Innermost extremities, particularly of the tail.

Biotope
Area of uniform environment, flora and fauna.

Buff
Yellowish white with a hint of pale brown.

Canopy
Leafy foliage of treetops.

Cap
Upper part of head.

Carpal
Bend of a closed wing, sometimes called shoulder.

Casque
Growth above bill of hornbills.

Cere
Patch of bare skin on upper base of bill of raptors.

Colonial
Roosting or nesting in groups.

Commensal
Living together with man for mutual benefit

Confiding
Not shy.

Coverts
Small feathers on wings and base of tail.

Covey
Small group of partridges and allied species.

Crepuscular
Active at dusk (twilight) and dawn.

Crest
Extended feathers on head.

Crown
Upper part of head.

Culmen
Ridge on upper mandible of bill.

Diagnostic
Sufficient to identify a species or sub-species.

Dimorphic
Having two forms of plumage.

Diurnal
Active during daytime.

Drumming
Rhythmic territorial hammering on trees by woodpeckers

Eclipse
New dull plumage after breeding season, especially in ducks.

Endemic
Indigenous and confined to a place.

Eyestripe
Stripe through eye.

Family
Specified group of genera.

Feral
Escaped, and living and breeding in the wild.

Fledged
Having just acquired feathers and ready to leave nest.

Fledglings
Young birds which have just acquired feathers.

Flight feathers
Primary and secondary wing feathers.

Flushed
When disturbed into flight at close quarters.

Form
Sub-species.

Frugivorous
Fruit-eating.

Fulvous
Brownish-yellow.

Game birds
Pheasants, partridges and allied species.

Gape
Basal part of the beak (mainly for young birds and raptors).

Genera
Plural of genus.

Genus
Group of related species.

Gorget
Band across upper chest.

Granivorous
Grain-eating.

Gregarious
Sociable. Living in communities or flocks.

Hackles
Long and pointed neck feathers.

Hawking
Capturing insects in flight

Hepatic
Rust or liver coloured plumage phase, mainly in female cuckoos

Hunting party
Group of birds usually of different species, seeking food.

Immature
Plumage phases prior to adult

Iris
Coloured eye membrane surrounding pupil.

Irruption
Mass movement of a population from one place to another.

Jizz
Essence or striking characteristics of a species;

Juvenile
Immature bird immediately after leaving nest.

Leading edge
Front edge of wing.

Lobe
Fleshy extensions to side-edges of toes of some birds.

Local
Unevenly distributed.

Lores
Area between eye and bill base.

Malar
Stripe on side of throat.

Mandible
Each of the two parts of bill.

Mantle
Back, between wings.

Mask
Dark plumage round eye and ear-coverts.

Migration
Seasonal movement between distant places.

Mirror
White spots in wing-tips, mainly of gulls.

Morph
One of several distinct types of plumage in the same species.

Moult
Seasonal shedding of plumage.

Nape
Back of neck.

Necklace
Narrow line round neck.

Nocturnal
Active at night.

Nomadic
Species without specific territory except when breeding.

Nominate
First sub-species to be formally named.

Orbital ring
Narrow ring of skin or feathers round the eye.

Order
Group of related families.

Passerines
Perching and song birds.

Pectoral
Breast area.

Pied
Black and white.

Plumes
Long, showy feathers, acquired during the breeding season

Precocial
Young hatched sighted and down-covered, e.g. ducklings.

Primaries
Outer flight feathers in wing.

Race
Sub-species.

Raptors
Birds of prey and Vultures, excluding owls.

Record
Published, or otherwise broadcast, occurrence.

Resident
Non-migratory and breeding in same place.

Rufous
Reddish brown.

Rump
Lower back.

Scalloped
Curved markings on edges of feathers.

Scapulars
Feathers along edge of mantle.

Secondaries
Inner wing feathers.

Speculum
Area of colour on secondary feathers of wings.

Streamers
Long extensions to feathers, usually of tail.

Sub-species
Distinct form that does not have specific status.

Sub-terminal band
Broad band on outer part of feather.

Supercilia
Plural of supercilium.

Supercilium
Streak above eye.

Terminal band
Broad band on tip of feather or tail.

Terrestrial
Ground living.

Tertials
Innermost wing coverts, often covering secondaries.

Trailing edge
Rear edge of wing.