Copy of `Lancs Falconry - Falconry index`

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Lancs Falconry - Falconry index
Category: Animals and Nature > Falconry glossary
Date & country: 26/09/2013, UK
Words: 57


BATE
To flutter off the fist or perch; an abortive attempt to fly when the bird is restrained by the leash.

BIND
To grab and hold onto quarry (or volunteers) with the feet.

BLOCK
A perch for a longwing, usually wood.

BLOOD FEATHERS
New feathers not yet fully grown, whose shafts contain blood at the top.

BRACELET
A leather strap fastened around the leg of a raptor, through which a jess is threaded.

BRACES
Leather straps used to open or close the hood.

BRANCHER
A young bird of prey which has left the nest, but is still learning to fly and is fed by its parents.

BUMBLEFOOT
A bacterial corn in the ball of the foot or toes that causes swelling.

BUTEO
The Latin name for a genus of raptors; the buzzards of classic falconry

CAST
Two hawks flown together, or To hold a hawk for imping, attaching furnishings, etc.

CASTING
The indigestible portions of the last meal of a raptor, usually bone and feathers that are formed into a compact pellet and disgorged through the mouth.

CERE
The bare, wax-like skin above the beak.

COPE
Cutting back or shortening either the beak or talons of a raptor.

CRAB, CRABBING
When hawks seize each other, either in the air or on the ground.

CREANCE
A light line attached to the swivel of a partly trained hawk before she is allowed to fly loose.

CROP
The vascular sac above the sternum in which the diurnal raptors first receive and store food before passing it on to the stomach.

CROP, PUT OVER
The action of a raptor, when by movements of the neck and shoulders it forces food from the crop into the stomach.

DECK FEATHERS
The two central feathers of the tail.

DIURNAL
Day-time hunter.

EYASS
A nestling, or young hawk taken from the nest.

FEAK
The action of a raptor of wiping the beak against the perch or the glove after feeding.

FLIGHT FEATHERS
The main feathers used in flight, the primaries.

FOOT, TO
To strike with the feet, and clutch or bind.

FROUNCE
A disease of the mouth and throat of birds, most common in pigeons, doves, and raptors

FULLY SUMMED
When a hawk has got all her new feathers after moulting.

HACK BACK
To offer support to a hawk being released back to the wild.

HAGGARD
A hawk in mature plumage.

HARD PENNED
When the new feathers are fully grown and the shafts have hardened off to a quill.

HOOD
A close-fitting leather cap used to cover the head and eyes of a hawk.

IMP
A method of repairing broken flight feathers by replacing the broken portion with part of another feather.

IMPRINT
A learned process which defines the identity of a bird to that which it sees when its eyes first focus

INTERMEWED
A hawk which has moulted in captivity.

JESSES
Leather straps attached to the legs (tarsi) of a trained raptor.

KNURL
A leather knot made at the end of a leash or aylmeri jess.

LURE
An imitation bird or animal used to entice the hawk in training.

MAN, TO
To tame a hawk by accustoming her to people's presence.

MANTLE, TO
To stand over a kill or food with wings lowered and spread out to hide the food.

MEW
The building or room in which hawks are kept.

MUTES
The excrement of hawks.

NARES
The nostrils of a hawk.

PASSAGE
The migration of hawks

PLUMAGE
The feathers of a hawk.

PLUME
To pluck the feathers off the quarry.

PREEN
Straightening and dressing the feathers by running them through the beak; one of the signs of contentment and good adjustment in a trained raptor.

RAPTOR
Bird of prey

ROUSE
To raise the feathers slightly before shaking the plumage back into position.

SECONDARIES
The flight feathers of the wing, between the body and the primaries.

SHAFT
The central hollow strut of a feather, giving it support.

SLICE
The action employed by eagles, hawks, and vultures of evacuating mutes.

SOAR
The riding of thermals or updrafts by a bird.

STOOP
The rapid descent of a longwing from a height, at quarry or the lure, with wings nearly closed.

SWIVEL
Mechanical device attached to jesses and leash to reduce a bird's entanglement when moving about.

TIDBITS
Small pieces of meat used to reward or entice a raptor in training or performing.

TIRING
A tough piece of meat given to a hawk to pull at, in order to prolong the meal and exercise the muscles of the back and neck.

WARBLE
To stretch both wings upwards over the back till they nearly touch and, at the same time, to spread the tail.

WEATHER
Placing a raptor in the open air in good weather.

WEATHERING YARD
The area where the hawks are kept on perches.