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Yoga Movement - Yoga terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Yoga Terms
Date & country: 31/08/2013, IN
Words: 50


Ahimsa
Noninjury, nonviolence, harmlessness (one of the yamas)

Ananda yoga
Gentle, inward yoga that uses silent affirmations while in the asanas (postures)

Anusara yoga
Called heart-oriented, this yoga integrates the celebration of the heart, universal principles of alignment, and energetic asanas

Aparigraha
Nongreed (one of the yamas).

Asanas
Yoga postures

Ashram
Retreat or secluded place, usually where the principles of yoga and meditation are taught and practiced.

Ashtanga yoga
Physically challenging yoga to build strength, flexibility, and stamina

Asmita
Ego, individuality, I-am-ness.

Asteya
Nonstealing (one of the yamas).

Bhakti yoga
The path of devotion (see article on Yoga Paths).

Bikram yoga
A rigorous yoga performed in a hot environment

Brahmacharya
Purity, chastity, nonlust (one of the yamas).

Brahman
The absolute

Buddhi
The intellect.

Chakras
Centers of radiating life force or energy that are located between the base of the spinal column and the crown of the head

Dharma
Self-discipline, the life of responsibility and right action.

Dhyana
Meditation or contemplation

Hatha yoga
Many yoga styles spring from hatha

Integral yoga
This yoga style places almost as much emphasis on pranayama (control of breath) and meditation as it does on postures

Ishvar-pranidhana
Center on the Divine (one of the niyamas).

Iyengar yoga
This yoga style focuses on the body and how it works

Jnana yoga
The path of knowledge or wisdom (see article on Yoga Paths).

Karma yoga
The path of action (see article on Yoga Paths).

Kundalini
A cosmic energy in the body that is often compared to a snake lying coiled at the base of the spine, waiting to be awakened

Kundalini yoga
Chanting and breathing are emphasized over postures in this ancient practice designed to awaken and control the release of kundalini energy

Mandala
A circular geometric design that represents the cosmos and the spirit's journey

Mantra
Sacred chant words.

Meditation
Technique of inward attention

Mudras
Hand gestures that direct the life current through the body.

Niyamas
In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali defined five niyamas or observances relating to inner discipline and responsibility

Om or Aum
Mantric word chanted in meditation

Prana
Life energy, life force, or life current

Pranayama
Method of controlling prana or life force through the regulation of breathing

Pratyahara
Withdrawing the senses in order to still the mind as in meditation

Raja yoga
The path of physical and mental control (see article on Yoga Paths).

Samadhi
State of absolute bliss, superconsciousness

Santosha
Contentment (one of the niyamas).

Satya
Truthfulness and honesty (one of the yamas).

Shauca
Purity, inner and outer cleanliness (one of the niyamas).

Shodhana
Yogic cleansing ritual.

Sivananda yoga
Relaxed and gentle yoga that encourages a healthy lifestyle: proper exercise, proper breathing, proper relaxation, proper diet, and positive thinking with meditation

Svadhyaya
Self-study

Swami
Title of respect for a spiritual master.

Tantra yoga
This yoga uses visualization, chanting, asana, and strong breathing practices to tap highly charged kundalini energy in the body

Tapas
Self-discipline or austerity (one of the niyamas).

Ujjayi
Breathing exercise that produces sound in the throat with the inhalation

Viniyoga
A gentle form of flow yoga in which poses and flows are chosen to suit the student's abilities

Vinyasa
Steady flow of connected yoga postures linked with breath work in a continuous movement

Yamas
In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali defined five yamas or ways to relate to others

Yogi
Someone who practices yoga