Copy of `Absolute Cigars - Tobacco glossary`

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Absolute Cigars - Tobacco glossary
Category: General technical and industrial > Cigars
Date & country: 06/06/2011, US
Words: 36


Belicosos finos
A standard cigar size typically 52 ring gauge X 5 1/2" in length. Cone shaped.

Binder
The binding tobacco leaf which supports the filler (See "filler") in the cigar.

Cepo
An implement used to measure the diameter of the cigar.

Cervantes
A Cuban specific cigar size, similar to the Lonsdale cigar standard, typically 42 ring gauge X 6 1/2" length.

Cheroot
A classic, and in fact one of the oldest cigar shapes known, although not very commonly seen today. This distinctive shape is slowly flared, typically about 4" x 34 ring gauge, making it a short smoke growing lighter and lighter as it is smoked.

Churchill
Named for the famous British Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill, this is a standard cigar size typically 47 ring gauge X 7" in length.

Cigar Cap
The "tip" section of the cigar which is cut off with a cigar cutter or punctured to allow for an easy draw.

Cigar cutter
A metal tool used to cut away a portion of the cigar cap to allow the smoker to draw smoke from the cigar. See also "cigar scissors".

Claro
A brown "wrapper" leaf.

Colorado
A dark reddish "wrapper" leaf.

Colorado Claro
A cigar wrapper leaf falling between "Colorado" and "Maduro" in color.

Connecticut shade
A cigar wrapper leaf of Connecticut, USA origin, widely regarded as one of the best wrapper leaves.

Corona
A standard cigar size typically 42 ring gauge x 5.5" in length.

Culebras
This is a cigar format which is actually three cigars twisted/intertwined together, and smoked as one unit.

Double Claro
A light toned green wrapper cigar leaf.

Double Corona
A standard cigar size typically 49 ring gauge x 7 1/2" in length.

Figurado
A shaped cigar typically 52 ring gauge x 5 1/2" in length.

Filler
The core of blended tobaccos held together by the "binder" which is in turn covered by the "wrapper".

Gran Corona
A standard cigar size typically 46 ring gauge X 5 5/8" in length.

Gran Panetela
A standard cigar size typically 28 ring gauge X 7 1/2" in length.

Hand-rolled (H/R)
Cigars which are rolled completely by hand from start to finish; no machine element. Same as Totalmente a Mano.

Humidity
A measure of airborne moisture, critical to the preservation of cigar quality. The ideal humidity for cigar storage is open to debate but is commonly agreed to be 68-72% relative humidity.

Humidor
A sealed wooden box designed specifically to maintain cigars in an optimal humidified environment. A humidor should include a "hygrometer" which is essential to gauge the level of humidity in the humidor.

Hygrometer
A gauge which indicates the level of humidity within a humidor. The ideal reading for cigar storage is: 72-74 relative humidity

Lectores
One of the more interesting practices in many Cuban cigar factories is the presence of the Lectores, also known as the "cigar reader", who reads aloud from a podium at the front of the rolling rooms where the Torcedores (rollers) go about their business of rolling Cuban cigars.

Lonsdale
Named for Lord Lonsdale of Britain, this is a standard cigar size typically 42 ring gauge X 6 1/2" in length.

Machine made
A cigar rolled by a machine as opposed to "hand rolled". Although machine-made cigars are typically less expensive then those that are "hand-rolled", this is not necessarily an indication of an inferior cigar.

Maduro
Spansish for "Ripe", Maduro is the term used to describe cigars with a wrapper leaf of darker brown hue. Colorado Maduro is a Maduro of a slightly lighter shade.

Panetela
A standard cigar size typically 28 ring gauge X 4" in length.

Petit Corona
A standard cigar size typically 42 ring gauge X 5" or 5 1/4" in length.

Ring or Ring Gauge
The measurement indicative of the diameter of the cigar. One ring gauge unit measures 1/64".

Robusto
A standard cigar size typically 50 ring gauge X 5" in length.

Scissors
A scissor tool is used to cut away the cigar cap to allow for an easy draw. See also "cutter".

Torcedor
The cigar roller (pictured below).

Torpedo
This cigar style is characterized by the funnel shape at both ends of the cigar. The size standard of a Torpedo is typically 46 ring gauge X 6" in length.

Wrapper
The outer leaf cover of the cigar.