Copy of `SEKAS International - Fur clothing terms`

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SEKAS International - Fur clothing terms
Category: General technical and industrial > Fur clothing
Date & country: 05/06/2011, US
Words: 47


American Legend Cooperative
A trade organization repre

Blackglama
An American Legend trade name describing a very dark brown shade of mink that appears almost black

Bleaching
A chemical process in which furs are lightened or made white Bleaching generally weakens the leather of a fur

Blending
See Tip-dyeing

Bukhara
Trade name for Persian Lamb (karacul) from the USSR

CITES
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Spe

Commercial grade
A fur of less than prime quality

Cording
See Grooving

Cost-utility ratio
A term used when determining the advisability of having a fur remodeled

Dressing
See Tanning

Drumming
A process in which furs are cleaned and fluffed by putting them in a drum with chemically treated sawdust The abrasive action of the sawdust as the fur revolves in the drum cleans and fluffs the furs

Dyeing
A process in which the color of a fur is changed

Endangered species
Plants, animals, and insects whose existence is threatened because of overharvesting, destruction of habitat, etc En

Endangered Species Act
A law passed by Congress which forbids the sale or possession of animals and other wildlife whose existence is threatened

Feathering
Clipping fur in shingled layers to produce an effect similar to eyelash fringe Feathering is also another term for tip-dyeing, as this process was often done with a feather

Flat fur
A type of fur with leather and only one kind of fur or hair, such as hair seal or Persian lamb

Fleshing
Scraping the leather side of a raw pelt to remove excess fats and other material

Fur Farm Animal Welfare Coalition
An organization composed of American mink farmers, whose purpose is to ensure the proper treat

Fur Information Council of America
A trade organization consisting of manu

Grooving
Shearing fur in "stripes" of alternating widths and depths The result is similar to corduroy; the stripes can be wide or narrow Also called cording

Grotzen
A Yiddish word referring to the guard hair along the center back of a pelt It is longer and coarser than the rest of the fur and sometimes resembles a short mane

Guard hair
The long lustrous outer hair of a fur that protects the ani

Leathering
A process in which strips of fur are alternated with strips of leather It is used to lighten very heavy furs, such as wolverine and badger, and to create different styles

Letting out
A method in which pelts are scored into very narrow, fine strips, and then resewn The shape of the pelt is changed, but not the square area

Majestic
Trade name for Canadian mink

Mutation
A fur that is a variation of the naturally occurring color of the fur Rabbit, chinchilla, fox, and mink are bred in mutation colors

Natural
Natural furs have been dressed, but are sold in their natural colors and textures

Natural ranch mink
A term referring to mink which ranges in color from chocolate brown to off-black

Norka
Trade name for Russian mink

Oxidation
A natural process in which fur changes color over time

Partial skins
Portions of pelts, including flanks or sides and bellies, that are used in fur garments The fur is usually softest in these areas, and the desirability of the fur depends largely on the markings, color, and texture

Pieced fur
Furs made from very small trimmings from full pelts-may be as small as a half an inch in length The cuttings are usually sewn into large sheets, called plates

Plates
Sections of fur-often measuring eighteen by twenty-four inches-that have been sewn together like cloth

Plucking
A process in which the guard hairs of a fur are removed by tweezing or plucking In some cases, only the uneven or coarse hairs are plucked It is necessary to pluck the furs before shearing them

Processing
Any method of changing the appearance or texture of a given fur including dyeing, grooving, and bleaching

Ranched fur
Fur from animals which are raised on farms, including mink, chinchilla, sheep, fox, and nutria

Ribbing
A process in which very narrow strips of leather are alternat

SAGA
Trademark for ranch-raised Scandinavian mink and fox pelts

Shearing
A process in which the fur is shaved or cut down to an even, plushlike texture, similar to silk velvet

Skin-on-skin
A method of making fur garments in which the skins are not let out, but trimmed, and then fit to a pattern Skin-on-skin coats are less expensive to make and do not require as much skill as let-out garments

Sobol
Trade name for Soviet-produced sable, considered the finest in the world

Soft-catch trap
A type of leg-hold trap that uses rubber pads to confine an animal, causing much less injury and distress than the steel leghold trap

Specialty fur
A fur combining unusual techniques and materials to create a one-of-a-kind garment

Tanning
A process in which the raw pelts are skinned, fleshed, soaked, and washed in special solutions to prepare them for use in garments

Tip-dyeing
Coloring only the tips of the guard hairs for uniform shad

Underfiber
The underfur of a fur with guard hairs

Vintage fur
A previously owned garment that combines a high degree of workmanship with quality materials to create a valuable antique fur