Copy of `Learn Foot Message - Glossary of podiatry`

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Learn Foot Message - Glossary of podiatry
Category: Health and Medicine > Podiatry
Date & country: 02/06/2011, UK
Words: 19


athletes foot
tinea pedis is the most common dermatophyte infection, usually found in adolescents and young adults. Characteristically, it is found in the toe webs, especially the fourth, where the tissue tends to be macerated, white and cracked. Infection can spread to the soles, heels and borders of the foot ('mocassin' type). Pain and Pruritus may occur. Dry fissuring of the infected area may provide a sit...

dorsal interossei muscles
the dorsal interossei are larger than the plantar interossei. They sit in the fourth and deepest layer of muscles of the sole of the foot. The dorsal interossei of the foot are four muscles on each side which act to abduct the second to fourth toes from the axis of the second toe and assist in flexing the metatarsal-phalangeal (MTP) joints as well as extending the interphalangeal (ITP) joints

dorsiflexion
ask the patient to pull the top of his foot up towards himself against examiner's resistance

Dupuytren's contracture of the foot
Dupuytren's contracture of the foot fibromatous nodules form in the plantar fascia and long plantar ligament, this condition results in a gradual tightening of the ligament and fascia. This may eventually cause marked clawing of the toes, and discomfort and mobility restrictions follow

eversion position
the patient's foot so that it is partially everted - then ask the patient to resist the examiner pushing it back to the neutral position

flat foot
flat foot is a lack of the medial arch of the foot. The development of the medial arch occurs within 2-3 years of walking. In younger children the medial arch is largely obliterated by a fat pad.

flexor digiti minimi brevis
flexor digiti minimi brevis of the foot is one of the deep third layer of muscles on the plantar surface of the foot. Its action is to flex the metatarsophalangeal joint of the small toe. It originates from the base of the fifth metatarsal and the adjacent tendon sheath of peroneus longus. It inserts into the base of the proximal phalanx of the little toe on its lateral side.

flexor digitorium longus
flexor digitorum longus is one of the deep muscles of the posterior lower limb. It originates from the posterior and middle third of the tibia below the soleal line, and the adjoining interosseous membrane. Its tendon passes inferiorly posterior to the medial malleolus and around the sustentaculum tali to enter the sole of the foot. In a plane more superficial to flexor hallucis, it divides into f...

flexor hallucis longus
flexor hallucis longus is one of the deep muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg. Its actions include (but are not limited to) : flexion of all the joints of the great toe, plantarflexion of foot, supports the medial longitudinal arch

foot drop a
patient with foot drop is unable to walk on his heels and cannot dorsiflex his foot.

foot gout
Podagra is gout of the foot, but most specially the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe. In severe cases the metatarsal-phalangeal and tarsal joints are involved. At these sites there is swelling, redness, heat and tenderness. Local treatment - not related to the systemic treatment of gout itself - involves application of anti-inflammatory drugs and resting the foot.

foot massage
A broad term for applying the techniques of massage therapy to the feet. This is not to be confused with Reflexology (applying pressure to specific points)

foot warts
these are deep-seated, firm, hyperkeratotic lesions on the sole of the foot. They may be single or multiple and are involuted as pressure prevents their normal outward expansion. They are painful due to pressure on nerves.

forefoot
(19 bones) 5 metatarsals and 5 toes each with 3 phalanges (except the big toe with only 2)

inversion
position the foot as for testing eversion - this time ask the patient to resist the examiner as he tries to pull it back to the neutral position

lateral
away from the midline

ligament
fibrous tissue that holds organs of the body in place and fastens bones together

plantar flexion
Ask the patient to push the top of his foot downwards against the examiner's resistance

plantar interossei muscles
the plantar interosseous muscles are part of the fourth and deepest layer of muscles in the sole of the foot. There are three plantar interossei and they are smaller than the dorsal interossei.