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AUTRC - Trampolining terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Trampolining
Date & country: 28/03/2011, UK
Words: 115

Adolph or Ady

The tightness of a shape (tuck or pike) which earns good form

Baby fliffus
From back landing, 1 1/4 front somersault to feet with early half twist. Different move to barani ball-out, though it involves the same amount of rotation and twist from the same take off position.

Back pullover
3/4 back somersault from back landing, usually to feet

Back-in full-out
Double back somersault with 1 twist in 2nd somersault phase

Ball out
1 1/4 front somersault from back landing to feet

Front somersault with

Barani ball-out
1 1/4 front somersault (from back landing) with

Double front somersault with

Double front somersault with

Barrel roll
Another name for side somersault

The springy landing surface of a trampoline, usually meshed but solid beds do exist

Move where the bed is not seen until very late before landing

From front drop, 180

Back pullover from tucked seat drop position

Bottom out
Occurs when trampoline bed and springs reach maximum stretch, usually but not always because the bed reaches the floor.

Bounce roll
Front somersault from back landing to back landing

Sideways travel during a move

Cat twist
full twist from back landing to back landing (no somersault rotation)

Chair of judging panel
New term for the superior judge

Stopping the bounce by bending the knees, ankles and hips

Any somersault from front landing. Usually 1 1/4 back somersault from front, to feet; but (3/4) front cody is also seen

From back landing, 1

A flat back landing from toes to head

Coverall pads
Frame pads which completely cover the frame and springs for safety

Cowboy or cowboying
Pulling the knees apart during tuck shape to shorten radius of gyration and gain more rotation

From back landing,

Crash dive
3/4 front somersault from feet to back landing

When a pair of synchro competitors are out of time with each other in their landings. Also, the degree of desync or the score awarded by the desync judges.

Alternative name for the tariff of a routine

1. The safe technique of getting off a trampoline

Bounce roll. Also, front somersault from seat drop position

Dorso-ventral axis
Axis from stomach to back, around which the side somersault and turntable are done. No award form tariff is made for rotation around it.

Double bounce roll
Double front somersault (720

Double bouncing
Two people jumping on the same trampoline, usually asynchronously

Double full
(Single) back somersault with 2 twists

Fliff or fliffus
Any double somersault with twist.

Fliffus ball-out
2 1/4 front somersault from back with

What the judges look for in a routine, ie. good technique, correct body position, straight arms/legs, body tension, etc.

Forward turnover
Front somersault from feet or hands & knees; usually from hands & knees to back or seat. But also, from feet, free body position to back

Metal parts of the trampoline which support its structure

Body position that is undefined

Free bounce
A straight bounce when done in the middle of a routine

(Single) back somersault with 1 twist

Double back somersault with 1 twist in 1st somersault

Full-in full-out
Double back somersault with 1 twist in both 360

Full-in half-out
Double front somersault with 1 twist in 1st somersault,

Full-in Rudi-out
Double front somersault with 1 twist in 1st somersault, 1

Double back somersault with 1 twist in 2nd somersault

Travel in the opposite direction to the rotation, eg. travelling forwards in a back somersault

Gyroscopic precession
Complex mechanical phenomenon where, during rotation around one axis, if a force is introduced on another axis, a resultant rotation is produced around the third axis. Can be demonstrated by holding a bicycle wheel's axis, then then turning it while it is spinning.

Somersault from front (or back) landing, where a double contact is made. The legs hit the trampoline bed momentarily after the body, reversing the rotation generated from the body.

Kick out
Extension of the legs to straight body position after the shape phase of a somersault is shown

To stop the recoil of the bed throwing the performer up. Done by the performer, or a coach (opposite of kip).

Little-used German term for miller-plus (a 4 twisting double back somersault)

Coaching technique to augment the power of the trampoline bed by it being depressed momentarily before the performer's landing

Lateral axis
Axis going from side-side around which somersaults are done

Layout or lay
Alternative term for the straight body position. ie. layout somersault=straight back somersault

Good technique where performer neatly places arms beside body on kick-out of a shaped somersault, or whilst twisting

Log roll
Full twist from front drop to front drop, ie. similar to cat twist but fro the front

Longitudinal axis
Axis from head through the body (like a skewer) around which twisting is done

Triple-twisting double back somersault.

Miller-plus (aka killer)
Four-twisting double back somersault

Alternative name for the voluntary routine in a competition

Out bounce
Controlled straight bounce allowed after a competition routine

1 3/4 front somersault with full twist in the first somersault

The balance and timing of executing take-off, shape and landing of a move with good technique.

Body position where legs are straight, together and the body is bent at the hips. For competition, minimum angle is 135

Pike jump
Move showing the pike shape alone, ie. no rotation or twist

Ping, pinging
When a move (somersault) is done but takes off not under control, usually travelling and losing height

Old term for full twist jump

Little-used alternate name for a bounce roll

Moves which are a requirement to be mastered before learning another move, for sound coaching reasons

Stages in learning a move, usually but not always moves in themselves. Some progressions are necessary but would never really be considered moves in their own right.

Semi-tucked shape (piked tuck) allowable in competition for multi-twisting multiple somersaults. For competition, the rules require an angle between the body and thighs, and the thighs and lower legs, of 90

Any somersault with twist and 4x 360

Radius of gyration
Mathematical term for how 'spread apart' the body is when a somersault or twist is done around an axis.

Randolph, randy
(Single) front somersault with 2

Randy ball out
1 1/4 front somersault from back to feet, with 2

RMI Twist
Relative moment of inertia twist, aka mid-air twist. A technique where twist can be generated in mid air (ie without contact with the trampoline bed), due to coming out of a shape.

Full twist from seat landing to seat landing. No rotation involved.

Sequence of (usually) 10 moves linked together with no straight jumps between

Rudi ball out
1 1/4 front somersault from back to feet, with 1

Rudolph, rudi (rudy)
(Single) front somersault with 1

Alternative foreign (German/Russian) term for somersault

Compulsory routine in competition

When a somersault has a lack of rotation, usually leads to a bad landing

Side somersault
Somersault around the dorso-ventral axis

Alternative term for a move

Short for somersault

Split panel
Term when the judging panel's marks are split into two different groups of similar scores.

Those who do 'spotting', ie. stand by the side (end) of the trampoline guarding against falling off

1. Landing in the same place as taking off; keeping in the middle of the trampoline

Spotting deck
End deck of a trampoline, attached to the frame

Spotting mat
Push-in mat used by the coach to provide a softer landing while learning moves; also sometimes seen in competition for use if the competitor needs it

Spotting rig
Overhead rig apparatus with a belt, ropes, pulleys and fittings allowing the coach to provide remote support for a move whilst learning.

Straddle (jump)
See piked straddle jump. Note, in competition, this is not a body position allowed in moves except the straddle jump.

Body position where legs are in line with body. For competition, thighs must be greater than 135

Moves done consecutively as in a routine

From seat drop,