Copy of `Society for Neuroscience - Science glossary`

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Society for Neuroscience - Science glossary
Category: Health and Medicine > Neuroscience
Date & country: 25/03/2011, UK
Words: 10


Action potential
An electrical charge that travels along the axon to the neuron

Alzheimer's disease
A major cause of dementia in the elderly, this neurodegenerative disorder is characterized by the death of neurons in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and other brain regions.

Cerebral cortex
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemispheres of the brain. It is largely responsible for all forms of conscious experience, including perception, emotion, thought, and planning.

Cognition
The process or processes by which an organism gains knowledge or becomes aware of events or objects in its environment and uses that knowledge for comprehension and problem-solving.

Depression
A mental disorder characterized by sadness, hopelessness, pessimism, loss of interest in life, reduced emotional well-being, and abnormalities in sleep, appetite, and energy level.

Hippocampus
A seahorse-shaped structure located within the brain and considered an important part of the limbic system. One of the most studied areas of the brain, it functions in learning, memory, and emotion.

Memory consolidation
The physical and psychological changes that take place as the brain organizes and restructures information to make it a permanent part of memory.

Neuroplasticity
A general term used to describe the adaptive changes in the structure or function of nerve cells or groups of nerve cells in response to injuries to the nervous system or alterations in patterns of their use and disuse.

Schizophrenia
A chronic mental disorder characterized by psychosis (e.g., hallucinations and delusions), flattened emotions, and impaired cognitive function.

Stroke
A block in the brain