Copy of `Golden Glow Paints - Pigment terms`

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Golden Glow Paints - Pigment terms
Category: Hobbies and Crafts > Paint terms
Date & country: 26/01/2011, UK
Words: 211


ABRASION RESISTANCE
Resistance to being worn away by rubbing or friction; related more to toughness than to hardness. A necessary quality for floor finishes, enamels and varnishes.

ABRASIVE
Used for wearing away a surface by rubbing. Examples are powdered pumice, rottenstone, sandpaper, sandpaper, steel wool.

ADHESION
The ability of a coating to stick to a surface.

AEROSOL
A product feature that uses compressed gas to spray the product from its container.

AIRLESS SPRAY
A spray that increases the fluid pressure of paint by means of a pump that causes atomization with air, resulting in higher film build and little or no over-spray.

ALKALI
A substance such as lye, soda or lime that can be highly destructive to paint films.

ALKYD
Synthetic resin modified with oil for good adhesion to a clean surface and good gloss, color retention and flexibility. Slow drying.

ALLIGATORING
Condition of paint film where surface is cracked and develops an appearance similar to alligator skin.

ALUMINUM PAINT
A paint that includes aluminum particles and gives a metallic finish when dried.

ANCHORING
Mechanical bonding of a coating to a rough surface as contrasted with adhesion, which is chemical bonding.

ANTI-CORROSIVE PAINT
Metal paint designed to inhibit corrosion. Applied directly to metal.

ANTIQUE FINISH
A finish usually applied to furniture or woodwork to give the appearance of age.

BACK PRIMED
When a coat of paint is applied to the back of woodwork and exterior siding to prevent moisture from entering the wood and causing the grain to swell.

BENZENE
Powerful but highly toxic and flammable solvent, usually restricted to spray application.

BENZINE
Often used as a lacquer dilutent. Highly volatile and a fire hazard in shipping and storing.

BINDER
Film-forming ingredient in paint that binds the pigment particles together.

BLEACHING
The process of restoring discolored or stained wood to its normal color or making it lighter.

BLEEDING
Undercoat staining through the topcoat.

BLISTERING
The formation of bubbles or pimples on the painted surface caused by moisture in the wood by painting before the previous coat has dried thoroughly or by excessive heat or grease under the paint.

BLUSHING
A gloss film turning flat or a clear lacquer turning white, usually caused by moisture condensation during the drying process.

BODY
The thickness or thinness of a liquid paint.

BOXING
Mixing paint by pouring from one container to another several times to ensure thorough mixing.

BREATHE
The ability of a paint film to permit the passage of moisture vapor without causing blistering, cracking, or peeling.

BRIDGING
Ability of paint to span small gaps or cracks through its cohesion and elastic qualities.

BRISTLE
The working part of a brush containing natural bristles (usually hog hair) or artificial bristles (nylon or polyester).

BRUSH MARKS
Marks of brush that remain in the dried paint film.

BRUSH-OUT
A technique sometimes used to influence a large sale that consists of brushing out a sample of paint onto a slab of wood or other material so the customer can see how the finished job will look.

BRUSHABILITY
The ability or ease with which paint can be brushed.

BUBBLES
Air bubbles in a drying paint film caused by excessive brushing during application or by over vigorous mixing that results in air trapment.

BUILD
Thickness or depth of a paint film.

BURNING IN
Repairing a finish by melting stick shellac into the damaged places by using a heated knife blade or iron.

BURNISHING
Shiny or lustrous spots on a paint surface caused by rubbing.

CALCIMINE
A water-thinned paint composed essentially of calcium carbonate or clay glue.

CAMEL HAIR
Trade name for tail hair from various types of Russian squirrels. Used for signwriter, lacquering brushings and lettering quills.

CATALYST
An ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes used in two component paint systems.

CAULKING COMPOUND
A semidrying or slow drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows, chimneys.

CHALKING
The formation of a loose powder or the surface of paint after exposure to the elements.

CHECKING
A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.

CLEAR COATING
A transparent protective and/or decorative film.

COALESCING
The settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water evaporates.

COATING
paint, varnish, lacquer or other finish used to create a protective and/or decorative layer.

COHESION
Attraction of molecules within a coating (how it holds together).

COLOR UNIFORMITY
Ability of a coating to maintain a uniform or consistent color across its entire surface, particularly during the weathering process.

COLORANT
Concentrated color that can be added to paints to make a specific color.

COLORFAST
Fade resistant.

CONTACT CEMENT
Completely non-staining cement. Ideal for applying wall paneling and for covering counters, cabinets and table tops with both porous and non-porous surfacing materials ranging from linoleum to plastic laminates.

COPPER STAINING
Usually caused by corrosion of copper screens, gutters or downspouts washing down on painted surfaces. Can be prevented by painting or varnishing the copper.

COVERAGE
The area over which a given amount of paint will spread and hide the previous surface. (Usually expressed in square feet per gallon).

CRACKING
The type of paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines wide enough to expose the underlying surface.

CRAWLING
Varnish defect in which poor adhesion of varnish to surface in some spots causes it to gather up in globs.

CRAZING
Small, interlacing cracks on surface of finish.

CREOSOTE
A type of liquid coating made from coal tar that is used as a wood preservative. It should not be used on wood that will be painted later.

CURING
Final conversion or drying or a coating material.

CUSTOM COLOR
Special colors made by adding colorant to paint or by intermixing colors, which permits the retailer to match a color selected by the consumer.

CUTTING IN
Careful painting of an edge such as wall color at the ceiling line or at the edge of woodwork.

DISTRESSING
Treatment of furniture, usually in the process of being antiqued, in order to make it appear older than it is. Consists of marring the surface or applying specks of glaze before varnishing.

DRIER
A paint ingredient that aids the drying or hardening of the film.

DRY DUST FREE
That stage of drying when particles of dust that settle upon the surface do not stick to the paint film.

DRY TACK FREE
That stage of drying when the paint no longer feels sticky or tacky when lightly touched.

DRY TO HANDLE
That stage of drying when a paint film has hardened sufficiently so the object or surface painted may be used without marring.

DRY TO RECOAT
That stage of drying when the next coat can be applied.

DRY TO SAND
That stage of drying when a paint film can be sanded without the sandpaper sticking or clogging.

DURABILITY
The ability of paint to last or hold up well against the destructive agents such as weather, sunlight, detergents, air pollution, abrasion or marring.

DYE, DYESTUFF
A colored material used just to dye or change color with little or no hiding of the underlying surface.

EFFLORESCENCE
A deposit of salts that remain on the surface of masonry, brick or plaster when water has evaporated.

EGGSHELL FINISH
The degree of gloss between a flat and gloss finish.

EMULSION PAINT
Paint in which particles are suspended in water or oil with the aid of an emulsifier as in latex paint.

ENAMEL
Broad classification paints that dry to a hard finish. They may be flat, gloss or semi-gloss.

EPOXY
Clear finish having excellent adhesion qualities; extremely abrasion and chemical resistant. Epoxies are alcohol proof and very water-resistant.

EROSION
The wearing away of a paint film caused by exposure to the weather.

ETCH
Surface preparation by chemical means to improve the adhesion of coating.

EXTENDER
Inexpensive and inert pigment added to paint for bulk and to lower costs.

EXTERIOR
The outside surfaces of a structure.

FADING
The loss of color due to exposure to light, heat or weathering.

FEATHER SANDING
Tapering the edge of dried paint film with sandpaper.

FERRULE
The metal band that connects the handle and stock of a paintbrush.

FILLER
A product used to fill the pores of wood before applying a prime of finish coat.

FILLER STRIPS
Strips made from specially treated wood, metal. Fiber or plastic in the center of a paintbrush, creating a reservoir of paint, thereby greatly increasing the paint carrying capacity.

FILM
Layer or coat of paint or other finish.

FINISH COAT
Last coat of paint or other finish.

FLAKING
A form of paint failure characterized by the detachment of small pieces of the film from the surface of previous coat of paint. Cracking or blistering usually precedes it.

FLASH POINT
The temperature at which a coating or solvent will ignite.

FLAT
A paint surface that scatters or absorbs the light falling on it so as to be substantially free from gloss or sheen.

FLAT APPLICATOR
A rectangular shaped flat pad with an attached handle that is used to paint shingles, shakes and other special surfaces and areas.

FLEXIBILITY
Ability of a coating to expand and contract during temperature changes.

FLOATING
Separation of pigment colors on the surface of applied paint.

FLOW
The ability of a coating to level out and spread into a smooth film, paints that have a good flow usually level out uniformly and exhibit few brush or roller marks.

FUNGICIDE
An agent the helps prevent mold or mildew growth on paint.

GALVANIZED
A thin coating of zinc that covers iron or steel to prevent rust.

GLAZE
A term used to describe several types of finishing materials. (1) Glazing putty is of a creamy consistency and is applied to fill imperfections in the surface. (2) A glazing stain is a pigmented stain applied over a stained, filled or painted surface to soften or blend the original color without obscuring it. (3) A glaze coat is a clear finish applied over previously coated surfaces to create a gl...

GLAZING COMPOUND
putty used to set glass in window frames and to fill nail holes and cracks.

GLOSS
The luster or shininess of paints and coatings are generally classified as flat, semi-gloss, or gloss; the latter has the higher reflecting ability.

GLOSS METER
A standard scale for measuring the shininess or light reflectance of paint. Different brands with the same description such as semi-gloss or flat may have quite different ratings on the gloss meter.

GRAIN RAISING
Swelling and standing up of the wood grain caused by absorbed water and solvents.

GRAINING
Simulating the grain of wood by means of specially prepared colors or stains and the use of graining tools or special brushing techniques.

GROUND COAT
The base coat in an antiquing system that is applied before the graining colors, glazing or other finish coat.

HARDBOARD
Reconstituted natural wood, fabricated by reducing natural wood to fibers and then pressing the fibers together into panels of various thickness'.

HARDNESS
The ability of a paint film to resist denting, scratching or marring.

HIDING POWER
The ability of a paint to hide the previous surface or color.

HOLDOUT
The ability of a paint film to dry to its normal finish on a somewhat absorptive surface.