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Kung Fu - Chinese martial arts glossary
Category: Sport and Leisure > Chinese martial arts
Date & country: 16/01/2011, US
Words: 76


Aikido
Way of Harmonious Energy Aikido is a Japanese martial art invented by a man named Morihei Ueshiba. Ueshiba is also known as o-sensei to aikido practitioners. Aikido emphasizes the use of blending with an opponents energy. It is more of a grappling style then a striking style.

Ba duan jin
The eight brocades of silk chi gung. The ba duan jin is a set of eight exercises that coordinate one's breathing patterns with specialized movements. These types of breathing exercises are collectively known as Chi Gung. This is one of the most popular sets of Chi gung exercises practiced throughout the world. There are many variations and different versions of these exercise in existence.

Baihui
The Baihui point is an specific point located at top of the head. more accurately near the crown or the swirl of the hair. In acupuncture it is the meeting point of six yang meridians. A practitioner of Tai Chi Chuan will elevate the bai hui point during the practice of forms.

Bil Kuen
The Bil Kuen is a downward and foward angled punch. Many time it is used with the middle knuckle protruding from the fist.

Block and Lock
Block and Lock is a drill that is found within Cabales Serrada Eskrima. It is a cooperative drill in which one participant is the "feeder" and the other counter all of the attacks presented by the feeder. The drill's objective is devolop flow and continuous motion

Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma was a legendary Indian monk, who traveled to China to spread Buddhism. Upon arriving at the Shaolin temple he found that the monks who lived there were often time to weak to carry out the long hours of meditation. He devised a set of exercises to strengthen the bodies of the monks. These exercises are reputed to be the foundations of ancient Shaolin kung fu.

Bok Hok Diu Yee
kung fu hand strike White crane plucking fish from the river. It is applied as an eye jab. The fingers are stiffened and thumb is under hand

Chan si jing
Silk-Reeling Practice This is a set of exercises that are practiced in the Chen style of Taiji Chuan. It is named after the practice of slowly harvesting silk from the silk worm. It may also be known as spiraling power.

Chang Tung Sheng
Grandmaster Chang Tung Sheng Chang Tung Sheng was a famous grandmaster of the art of Shaui Jiao, which is Chinese fast wrestling. He was born in 1908 and died and in 1986. He has many students that carry on his legacy both in the United States and in Taiwan.

Chi Sau
Wing Chun kung fu sticky hands training. It is a 2 person drill meant to develop tactile sensitivity. The goal of practicing would be to control an opponents arms and strike at him without having to plan out what to do but rather rely on one's own reflexes to automatically react and respond from habit.

Chin Sum Kuen
Heart Piercing Punch, this punch originates from the hip and travels toward the center line.

Chopping
Chopping is a term used in Shuai Jiao class to describe the action of using one's leg to sweep out the opponents leg. Chopping hits harder than the traditional judo sweep. Shuai Jiao kicks the leg out from under the opponent rather than sweep.

Choy Gar
The Choy gar family system of kung fu was founded by Choy Gau Lee also known as (Choy Tsing Hung. It is one of the five fgreat family systems of Suthern China developed during the Ching Dynasty. It is characterized by quick low stances known as "rat steps" Hand striking comes from movements that resemble snake style.

Chuan or Kuen
literally translates to "fist", but it could also be used to refer to a style. For example Hung Ga Kuen is Hung family style of martial arts

Daap Sau
Daap Sau is really a chop. Just change the angle of the chop from hitting outward sideways to the downward, then align the chop with the height of your own shoulder and that is the Daap Sau. It is used to swat down a punch in mid air.

Dao
Dao - sword or large knife commonly used to refer to the broadsword

Dim Mak
Dim Mak is the science of striking to the vital points of the human body. In application one would touch certain points that run along meridians of chi in order to disrupt the natural flow of energy in the human body. Disrupting this flow can cause ill health effects and death.

Eskrima
Eskrima is a complete martial from the Philipines. It starts off with stick training but then move to knife then eventually empty hands. It may also be called ARnis or Kali depending on where in the Philippines it came from.

Fa Hey Ying Jong
Lifting block similar the upward block of Karate except the palm is held open.

Fu Jow
Fu Jow translates to Tiger Claw. It is a way of forming the hand so as to be able to rake an opponents eyes or face. The fingers are spread out widely and then the tips of each finger is angled downward to resemble the paw of a tiger.

Fu may gerk
Tiger tail kick. In many systems this might be called a donkey kick.

Gwan Dao
The Gwan Dao is a long weapon with a blade attached to the end. It is the weapon of choice for the famous Chinese General name Gwan after which the weapon is named. Usually this weapon is most effective when applied from horseback, but there are circumstance in which it can be effective while unmounted

Harmonious Hands
Harmonious Hands are not really a technique but rather a concepts found in Shuai Jiao. The concept is to flow with incoming attempts and grabs and use the flow to put yourself in a advantageous position to throw while at the same time putting your opponent at a disadvantage. In Harmonious Hands one should never go against the force but rather redirect any incoming force, thus the name "harmonious...

Huen Sau
Circling Hand. This is a technique found in wing chun kung fu

Huiyin
Also named the perineum, this is the acupuncture point directly opposite the baihui. It is the meeting point for the yin meridians, as baihui is extreme yang, huiyin is extreme yin. A Taiji Chuan practitioner will keep huiyin and baihui aligned during the practice of forms.

Jhou Kuen
Lifting Fist. The major point to remember about this punch is that it must be kept close to the body in order to have maximum leverage. However, the body can lean to change angle and thus change the punch from a vertical punch to a 45 degree upward punch. This is considered the uppercut.

Jia
Jia is the Mandarin pronunciation of Family or clan. The same term in Cantonese is Gar or Ga. An example of it's usage is "Hung Gar Kuen" which would translate to "Hung family fist" the style Fut Gar Kuen would translate to "Monks family fist" in Mandarin it would be "Fo Jia Chuan"

Kung Fu
Skill through devotion. Also known as hard work. Chinese style martial arts.

Kwa Kuen
Back fist. Any movement that hits with the back of the hand while it is in a fist positions can be called Kwa Kuen. In Jeet Kuen Do the same movement is referred to as "Gwa Choi"

Kwoon
In the martial arts world this refers to ones training hall or school.

Laogong
Laogong is a point specific to the center of the hand. Also called the 'Labor's Palace', this is where qi naturally flows to the center of the hand.

Largo Mano
Largo Mano is a Filipino term relating to "long hand". Essentially these refer to techniques that deal with the long range of combat.

Lei Tai or Loey Toy
The lei tai is an elevated platform used in China for Challenge matches or fights. Typically one could win the fight by throwing the opponent off of the platform.

Li yau sun
Li yau sun was the founder of Li gar kuen, or Li family fist. Li Gar is one of the five most popular systems of kung fu found in the South of China. During the Ching Dynasty. Li yau sun besides being a kung fu master also was a practitioner of Chinese herbal medicine. He opened a Herbal shop in the city of San Woi during his lifetime.

Lin Wan Kuen
Linking Continuous fist. Sometimes we will refer to this set as the "tiger set" becase it has elements of both the tiger and crane.

Loy Gung Pak Mai
Thunder god pounding mochi rice, a downward motion using a fist.

Ma bu or Mah Bo
Mabu refers to stance in Kung Fu. The horse stance is the most prevalent of these stances. The stance is an even weighted stance. The knees are bent and the practitioner's posture resemble the posture of someone riding on a horse.

Mabu
Mabu is a generic term for the different types of horse stance found in the art of Kung fu. One must go low in mabu to train the legs for stability. However, mabu traing must also include movement to develop mobility.

Man Lik
Slow Strength. Man lik is the ability to move slowly like when performing tai chi form. Slow movements let the martial artist focus on their root or connection with the ground.

Mok Gar
Mok gar is one of the five family styles of Southern China. It waas developed my Mo Qing Chiu. It is primarily know for it's powerful kicks. And it's 60-40 stances. Mok gar uses low kicks and is a close range fighting style.

Ngaw Gok Kuen
kung fu fist Ngaw Gok Kuen translates to "tip of the bulls horn fist". The strike is formed by making a fist in which the knuckle of the middle finger protrudes more than the rest of the fist. The knuckle tip is used to penetrate into soft areas of the body

Ni Gi Ma
Crossing stance or "lady's crossing stance" The back of the forward leg should touch the fromt of the other leg to brace oneself. Used to twist and as a setup for a kick.

Pak Sau
Slapping block meant to go into or towrad the opponents centerline. Uses the palm of the hand to strike the opponents arm in a sideways direction

Peng
Peng is a term for one of the types of powers found in the art of Tai chi chuan. It can be described as a feeling of expansion and as if trying to push a buoyant object into the water. there is a type of reistance to it.

Pung ma
Level horse stance. The goals is to accomplish sitting in this stance for 5 minutes. The type of leg strength it take to so is different than the type of strength it takes to do squats. It is a static leg strength.

Qi (Chi)
Chinese term for universal energy or the energy of the body. Also thought of as circulating bioelectric energy in the human body.

San ma
Cat stance

Sang Ma
Dangling horse. The rear leg is at a 45 degree angle the front foot has no weight on it. It is the hardest of the stances to hold for any amount of time. It can be used for fighting in the right situation but it is more used for learning single weightedness and the shifting of weight form one leg to another.

Sei Ma
Sliding stance. The rear leg goes back at a 45 degree angle. Keep the rear leg straight to brace yourself against incoming power. the front knee should bend so that it is directly positioned above the front foot's toes.

Seong Ma
To step up into a horse stance.

Serrada Eskrima
Serrada Eskrima is a style of Filipino martial arts created by grandmaster Angel Cabales. Grandmaster Cabales brought his style of fighting to the United States in the 1960's in Stockton, California. The Cabales style of Eskrima focuses on the close range.

Sheung Jip Jeurng
Reciving Hands, this movements is catching the opponents arm by absorbing the energy. Then the movement traps the attacking arm by holding it against the hip.

Shuai Jiao
Shuai Chiao or Shuai Jiao(pronounced shwai-jyau) IS kung fu. It is what is known as Chinese fast wrestling. Shuai Jiao has many movements that throw the opponent to the ground. It is considered to be the oldest form of kung fu martial arts. It is thought to have originated more than two thousand years ago. It may also be spelled Shuai Chiao or also Kuai Jiao

Sifu
Master/Teacher. This term is usually reserved for the head of the school. In ancient times it was akin to father. As hierarchy in Chinese kung fu follows the same heirarchy as the family unit.

Sifu Sau
Sifu means "master". Sau means "hand" together they are "teacher's hands" It is the bow/salute used in the Fut Gar Kuen style of martial arts in the beginning and ending of class to signify respect. It can also be used as a self defense technique.

Sil Lum
Sil Lum is the Cantonese pronunciation of the Shaolin. It literally translate to "young Forest" The Shaolin temple or Sil Lum temple in China was Famous for the martial arts that originated there.

Sung
Sung is to be relaxed. Relaxation of the body in motion leads to speed and naturalness. However, Sung is not limp and dead.

Systema
Systema is a Russian martial art used by some in the Russian Special forces known as "spetznaz". It uses wave energy to develop a relaxed type of power. It is an art that stresses adaptability.

Tai chi Chuan
Tai chi can translate to "supreme ultimate fist", or "Grand ultimate fist". It is considered a soft style, requiring th use of relaxation to generate power. Many style have an exercise called tui shou also called push hands. It is a bridge between learning the forms and using the style of tai chi to fight.

Tek Gerk
The basic toe kick. In kung fu we assume that if you are ever in a self defense situation you will have shoes on. Your shoe can be used a as a weapon. Use the tip of the toe to kick into a soft target.

Tui Shou
Push Hands. Tui Shou is a 2 person drill meant to develop tactile sensitivity to an opponent's intent and energy. It involves circular movements where the participants "stick" to each other. It is a bridge between practicing Forms and actual combat. Fighting techniques involving chin na and shuai jiao can be inserted into this drill with the goal of practicing self defense.

Tzin Tzi Sau
Cutting hand or scissor hand, the idea is to use the ulna bone to strike at an opponents incoming punch.

Wang Chung Chai
Twisted Hammer Punch, starts off up high then twists while striking in a downward motion.

Wu Bu Chuan
A term in Mandarin meaning "5 stance fist" It is one of the first forms taught to beginners when learning the art of Chinese Wushu.

Wu Dip Jeurng
Butterfly Palms. Refers to a set of hand movements that open the green belt set and the second set of the Fut Ga system. The Wu Dip Jeurng set is named after the opening movements. One source relayed to me that originally the set was called "moth" but was not as poetic so they changed the name.

Wudang
Wudang is a small mountain range in China. The mountain range is home to a Taoist monastery famous within China for having excellent martial arts. The martial arts style practiced at the monastary is known for its Tai chi, Jian (sword), and horse whip techniques.

Wushu
Wushu actually means martial arts. It could refer to any martial art, however it has come to refer to an acrobatic style of Chinese martial arts that have traditional yet aesthetic qualities.

Yan Gerk
Stopping leg. Also known as the jam kick. This kick can be used as a stop kick. Stop kicks attack the opponents leg in mid-air as they try to kick you. It is what other systems call the side kick. Many times it is performed at a low height to attack the opponents knee joint.

Yet Jerng
Palm Strike

Yet Qua
Backfist

Ying Jow
Ying Jow translates to"Eagle Claw" Ying Jow Kuen refers to the style of kung fu. Eagle Claw kung fu is know for it's Chin Na or joint locking techniques.

Yip Man
Yip Man was the grandmaster of the Wing Chun system of Kung Fu. He died in 1972. He had many famous students, including Bruce Lee.

Yongquan
Yongquan is a point specific to the foot near the center. Also called the 'bubbling well' or 'gushing spring' it is the point of center and balance for the foot where the root is found.

Yut dim
One touch. As in applying pressure to weak points found within the human body. In Chinese martial arts many of the striking points also correspond to traditional acupuncture points.

Yut Zhang
One Elbow, as in kids set. Although it could refer to any elbow strike. The word Yut means then number 1 in Chinese.

Zhang
Elbow