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Kung Fu - Chinese martial arts glossary
Category: Sport and Leisure > Chinese martial arts
Date & country: 16/01/2011, US
Words: 53


Aikido
Way of Harmonious Energy Aikido is a Japanese martial art invented by a man named Morihei Ueshiba. Ueshiba is also known as o-sensei to aikido practitioners. Aikido emphasizes the use of blending with an opponents energy. It is more of a grappling style then a striking style.

Ba duan jin
The eight brocades of silk chi gung. The ba duan jin is a set of eight exercises that coordinate one's breathing patterns with specialized movements. These types of breathing exercises are collectively known as Chi Gung. This is one of the most popular sets of Chi gung exercises practiced throughout the world. There are many variations and different versions of these exercise in existence.

Baihui
The Baihui point is an specific point located at top of the head. more accurately near the crown or the swirl of the hair. In acupuncture it is the meeting point of six yang meridians. A practitioner of Tai Chi Chuan will elevate the bai hui point during the practice of forms.

Bil Kuen
The Bil Kuen is a downward and foward angled punch. Many time it is used with the middle knuckle protruding from the fist.

Block and Lock
Block and Lock is a drill that is found within Cabales Serrada Eskrima. It is a cooperative drill in which one participant is the "feeder" and the other counter all of the attacks presented by the feeder. The drill's objective is devolop flow and continuous motion

Bok Hok Diu Yee
kung fu hand strike White crane plucking fish from the river. It is applied as an eye jab. The fingers are stiffened and thumb is under hand

Chan si jing
Silk-Reeling Practice This is a set of exercises that are practiced in the Chen style of Taiji Chuan. It is named after the practice of slowly harvesting silk from the silk worm. It may also be known as spiraling power.

Chi Sau
Wing Chun kung fu sticky hands training. It is a 2 person drill meant to develop tactile sensitivity. The goal of practicing would be to control an opponents arms and strike at him without having to plan out what to do but rather rely on one's own reflexes to automatically react and respond from habit.

Chopping
Chopping is a term used in Shuai Jiao class to describe the action of using one's leg to sweep out the opponents leg. Chopping hits harder than the traditional judo sweep. Shuai Jiao kicks the leg out from under the opponent rather than sweep.

Choy Gar
The Choy gar family system of kung fu was founded by Choy Gau Lee also known as (Choy Tsing Hung. It is one of the five fgreat family systems of Suthern China developed during the Ching Dynasty. It is characterized by quick low stances known as "rat steps" Hand striking comes from movements that resemble snake style.

Dao
Dao - sword or large knife commonly used to refer to the broadsword

Dim Mak
Dim Mak is the science of striking to the vital points of the human body. In application one would touch certain points that run along meridians of chi in order to disrupt the natural flow of energy in the human body. Disrupting this flow can cause ill health effects and death.

Eskrima
Eskrima is a complete martial from the Philipines. It starts off with stick training but then move to knife then eventually empty hands. It may also be called ARnis or Kali depending on where in the Philippines it came from.

Fa Hey Ying Jong
Lifting block similar the upward block of Karate except the palm is held open.

Fu Jow
Fu Jow translates to Tiger Claw. It is a way of forming the hand so as to be able to rake an opponents eyes or face. The fingers are spread out widely and then the tips of each finger is angled downward to resemble the paw of a tiger.

Fu may gerk
Tiger tail kick. In many systems this might be called a donkey kick.

Huen Sau
Circling Hand. This is a technique found in wing chun kung fu

Jia
Jia is the Mandarin pronunciation of Family or clan. The same term in Cantonese is Gar or Ga. An example of it's usage is "Hung Gar Kuen" which would translate to "Hung family fist" the style Fut Gar Kuen would translate to "Monks family fist" in Mandarin it would be "Fo Jia Chuan"

Kung Fu
Skill through devotion. Also known as hard work. Chinese style martial arts.

Kwa Kuen
Back fist. Any movement that hits with the back of the hand while it is in a fist positions can be called Kwa Kuen. In Jeet Kuen Do the same movement is referred to as "Gwa Choi"

Kwoon
In the martial arts world this refers to ones training hall or school.

Largo Mano
Largo Mano is a Filipino term relating to "long hand". Essentially these refer to techniques that deal with the long range of combat.

Lei Tai or Loey Toy
The lei tai is an elevated platform used in China for Challenge matches or fights. Typically one could win the fight by throwing the opponent off of the platform.

Lin Wan Kuen
Linking Continuous fist. Sometimes we will refer to this set as the "tiger set" becase it has elements of both the tiger and crane.

Ma bu or Mah Bo
Mabu refers to stance in Kung Fu. The horse stance is the most prevalent of these stances. The stance is an even weighted stance. The knees are bent and the practitioner's posture resemble the posture of someone riding on a horse.

Man Lik
Slow Strength. Man lik is the ability to move slowly like when performing tai chi form. Slow movements let the martial artist focus on their root or connection with the ground.

Mok Gar
Mok gar is one of the five family styles of Southern China. It waas developed my Mo Qing Chiu. It is primarily know for it's powerful kicks. And it's 60-40 stances. Mok gar uses low kicks and is a close range fighting style.

Ngaw Gok Kuen
kung fu fist Ngaw Gok Kuen translates to "tip of the bulls horn fist". The strike is formed by making a fist in which the knuckle of the middle finger protrudes more than the rest of the fist. The knuckle tip is used to penetrate into soft areas of the body

Ni Gi Ma
Crossing stance or "lady's crossing stance" The back of the forward leg should touch the fromt of the other leg to brace oneself. Used to twist and as a setup for a kick.

Pak Sau
Slapping block meant to go into or towrad the opponents centerline. Uses the palm of the hand to strike the opponents arm in a sideways direction

Peng
Peng is a term for one of the types of powers found in the art of Tai chi chuan. It can be described as a feeling of expansion and as if trying to push a buoyant object into the water. there is a type of reistance to it.

Pung ma
Level horse stance. The goals is to accomplish sitting in this stance for 5 minutes. The type of leg strength it take to so is different than the type of strength it takes to do squats. It is a static leg strength.

Qi (Chi)
Chinese term for universal energy or the energy of the body. Also thought of as circulating bioelectric energy in the human body.

San ma
Cat stance

Sang Ma
Dangling horse. The rear leg is at a 45 degree angle the front foot has no weight on it. It is the hardest of the stances to hold for any amount of time. It can be used for fighting in the right situation but it is more used for learning single weightedness and the shifting of weight form one leg to another.

Sei Ma
Sliding stance. The rear leg goes back at a 45 degree angle. Keep the rear leg straight to brace yourself against incoming power. the front knee should bend so that it is directly positioned above the front foot's toes.

Seong Ma
To step up into a horse stance.

Shuai Jiao
Shuai Chiao or Shuai Jiao(pronounced shwai-jyau) IS kung fu. It is what is known as Chinese fast wrestling. Shuai Jiao has many movements that throw the opponent to the ground. It is considered to be the oldest form of kung fu martial arts. It is thought to have originated more than two thousand years ago. It may also be spelled Shuai Chiao or also Kuai Jiao

Sifu
Master/Teacher. This term is usually reserved for the head of the school. In ancient times it was akin to father. As hierarchy in Chinese kung fu follows the same heirarchy as the family unit.

Sifu Sau
Sifu means "master". Sau means "hand" together they are "teacher's hands" It is the bow/salute used in the Fut Gar Kuen style of martial arts in the beginning and ending of class to signify respect. It can also be used as a self defense technique.

Sil Lum
Sil Lum is the Cantonese pronunciation of the Shaolin. It literally translate to "young Forest" The Shaolin temple or Sil Lum temple in China was Famous for the martial arts that originated there.

Systema
Systema is a Russian martial art used by some in the Russian Special forces known as "spetznaz". It uses wave energy to develop a relaxed type of power. It is an art that stresses adaptability.

Tek Gerk
The basic toe kick. In kung fu we assume that if you are ever in a self defense situation you will have shoes on. Your shoe can be used a as a weapon. Use the tip of the toe to kick into a soft target.

Tui Shou
Push Hands. Tui Shou is a 2 person drill meant to develop tactile sensitivity to an opponent's intent and energy. It involves circular movements where the participants "stick" to each other. It is a bridge between practicing Forms and actual combat. Fighting techniques involving chin na and shuai jiao can be inserted into this drill with the goal of practicing self defense.

Wu Bu Chuan
A term in Mandarin meaning "5 stance fist" It is one of the first forms taught to beginners when learning the art of Chinese Wushu.

Wu Dip Jeurng
Butterfly Palms. Refers to a set of hand movements that open the green belt set and the second set of the Fut Ga system. The Wu Dip Jeurng set is named after the opening movements. One source relayed to me that originally the set was called "moth" but was not as poetic so they changed the name.

Yan Gerk
Stopping leg. Also known as the jam kick. This kick can be used as a stop kick. Stop kicks attack the opponents leg in mid-air as they try to kick you. It is what other systems call the side kick. Many times it is performed at a low height to attack the opponents knee joint.

Yet Jerng
Palm Strike

Yet Qua
Backfist

Ying Jow
Ying Jow translates to"Eagle Claw" Ying Jow Kuen refers to the style of kung fu. Eagle Claw kung fu is know for it's Chin Na or joint locking techniques.

Yongquan
Yongquan is a point specific to the foot near the center. Also called the 'bubbling well' or 'gushing spring' it is the point of center and balance for the foot where the root is found.

Yut dim
One touch. As in applying pressure to weak points found within the human body. In Chinese martial arts many of the striking points also correspond to traditional acupuncture points.

Zhang
Elbow