Copy of `Nutri Base - Fruit glossary`

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Nutri Base - Fruit glossary
Category: Food and Drink > Fruits
Date & country: 01/01/2011, UK
Words: 21


Acerola
A cherry-like fruit from a small tree in the West Indies and adjacent areas. This fruit contains a high concentration of vitamin C. Also called "Barbados cherry" and "Puerto Rican cherry."

Banana
The world's most popular fruit. The most common U.S. variety is the yellow Cavendish. They are picked green and develop better flavor when ripened off the bush. Two sweeter varieties are the red banana and the dwarf or finger banana.

Barbados Cherry
A cherry-like fruit from a small tree in the West Indies and adjacent areas. This fruit contains a high concentration of vitamin C. Also called "acerola" and "Puerto Rican cherry."

Chayote
This gourd-like fruit has a bland white flesh. Chayotes can be prepared in any way suitable for summer squash. It is a good source of potassium.

Chinese Watermelon
The melon-like fruit of a tropical Asian vine belonging to the gourd family. Also called "white gourd."

Crenshaw
This hybrid muskmelon is considered one of the most succulent of melons. They weigh in at between 5 and 9 pounds.

Crookneck Squash
Any of several varieties of summer squash with a long curved neck and a bulbous base. The creamy-white flesh has a mild flavor.

Dewberry
A trailing-vine variety of blackberry.

Grape
Any of thousands of varieties of edible berries that grow in clusters. "Slip-skin" varieties have skins that slip off easily. Table grapes are eaten out-of-hand. Grapes used for wines are highly acid and generally too tart to eat.

Jambolan
An olive-sized fruit of a tropical evergreen that is cultivated throughout Southeast Asia to the Philippines. The several varieties vary in sweetness and range from white to dark purple. Also called the "Java plum."

Java Plum
An olive-sized fruit of a tropical evergreen that is cultivated throughout Southeast Asia to the Philippines. The several varieties vary in sweetness and range from white to dark purple. Related to the rose apple and the pitanga.

Loofah
The fruit of any of several tropical vines of the gourd family. The dried insides of these gourds can be used as a sponge. Also called "vegetable sponge" and "sponge gourd."

Persimmon
A warm-weather fruit of which there are two important varieties: "Hachiya" (Japanese persimmon) and the "Fuyu" which is milder. The Fuyu is smaller. Both should be completely ripe before eaten. Used in baked goods and desserts.

Pineapple
An exceedingly juicy fruit with a distinctive tangy sweet taste. Pineapples must be picked when ripe because they won't ripen off the plant. The English named this fruit for its resemblance to a pine cone.

Puerto Rican Cherry
A cherry-like fruit from a small tree in the West Indies and adjacent areas. This fruit contains a high concentration of vitamin C. Also called "acerola" and "Barbados cherry."

Rag Gourd
The fruit of any of several tropical vines of the gourd family. The dried insides of these gourds can be used as a sponge. Also called the "sponge gourd."

Satsuma Orange
A small Japanese orange that belongs to the Mandarin family. It contains relatively few seeds.

Sponge Gourd
The fruit of any of several tropical vines of the gourd family. The dried insides of these gourds can be used as a sponge. Also called the "Luffah."

Tomato
A fruit from the nightshade family (like the potato and eggplant). The U.S. government classified it as a vegetable for trade purposes in 1893. Tomatoes should not be refrigerated--the cold adversely affects the flavor and the flesh.

Tunka
The melon-like fruit of a tropical Asian vine belonging to the gourd family. Also called "white gourd."

Youngberry
A hybrid variety of blackberry with a dark red color and a sweet juicy flesh.