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Bonsai Beautiful - Glossary of bonsai tree growing terms
Category: Agriculture and Industry > Glossary of bonsai tree growing terms
Date & country: 28/12/2010, US
Words: 26


Apex
The top point of the tree. Every tree must have an apex, a single point which is clearly marked as the top of the tree. It may be a branch, foliage, or jin.

Backbudding
Process of encouraging growth on a branch where growth is non-existent.

Bankan
A bonsai with a very coiled, curvy trunk, resembling a snake.

Dai ki (Oya ki)
The parent plant. Parent tree.

Gi sei shi (GI sei eda)
A branch left to grow only to promote the overall growth of the tree before being transformed into a bonsai. Also called "Sacrifice branch".

Ichi no eda
The first of lowest branch of a bonsai.

Jin (Eda-jin)
One of the "dead wood" techniques. A portion of a bonsai, often the top branch, which has been stripped of its bark and cambium. The intention is to give the tree an old and lightly damaged look. Generally carved, jin give the impression of great age when added to a tree. Often they are coated with a mixture of lime sulfur, which turns them white with time. Mostly seen on conifers. (See also Sha...

Kiki eda
Point of tree to focus on. Can be the primer branch. (See also Ushiro Eda, Uke eda, Kuitsuki Eda, Sashi eda, Mae eda).

Kuitsuki eda
Short complementary branch, smaller than the rest of the branches, gives the tree naturalism. (See also Uke eda, Sashi eda, Mae eda).

Layering (Air Layering)
The method by which new trees are formed from old stock. Incisions are made on a tree's branch or trunk, cutting its supply of nutrients from the roots. When covered with a rooting medium (such as Sphagnum Moss) and treating it with rooting hormone, the affected portion will sprout new roots and may then be cut from the parent tree and planted as its own tree.

Mae eda
The "Front Branch" of a bonsai. Always positioned upon the lower half of the tree. (See also Uke eda, Sashi eda, Kuitsuki eda, Ushiro Eda).

Miki
Japanese term for "trunk".

Nebari
The Japanese term referring to the spread rootage formation at the base of a bonsai. The exposed and visible surface roots.

Ni no eda
The second branch of a bonsai.

pH
pH is a measure of a solution's acidity or alkalinity. Aqueous solutions with pH values lower than 7 are considered acidic, while pH values higher than 7 are considered alkaline. Most substances have a pH in the range 0 to 14.

Pinching
Means of controlling and shaping the directing the growth of foliage.

Sabamiki
One of the "dead wood" techniques. The intention is to give the tree an old and lightning damaged look. Most seen on conifers. Sabamiki is the denomination for hollow trunks. (See also Jin, Shari).

San no eda
The third branch of a bonsai.

Sashi eda (Ishi no eda)
Primer branch which marks direction and movement of the tree. (See also Uke eda, Kuitsuki eda, Mae eda, Ushiro Eda).

Shari
One of the "dead wood" techniques, Shari refers to a place on the tree where bark and cambium have been stripped or peeled away, giving the tree the appearance of age or exposure to harsh conditions or severe weathering - such as a lightning damaged look. Mostly seen on conifers. In contrast to Jins, Shari is a dead part on the trunk. Shari are preserved by coating them with a mixture of lime su...

Shin
Japanese term for the apex of the bonsai.

Snaking
Use of wire to bend and shape a tree in a snaking pattern to create a visual effect and to shorten the overall length of the branch.

Three Points
Most bonsai styles and shapes are related to the idea of the triangle. The three points of the triangle represent "Heaven," "Earth," and "Humanity."

Uke eda
Counterweight to Sashi eda branch placed at opposite side of the tree. Gives the tree its balance. (See also Sashi eda, Kuitsuki eda, Mae eda).

Ushiro eda
The back branch of a bonsai. It's purpose is to improve the perspective of the tree. (See also Uke eda, Sashi eda, Kuitsuki eda, Mae eda).

Wabi Sabi
The terms wabi and sabi are terms related to the Japanese sense of shibui, the aesthetic of tastefulness and austerity in art and movement. Wabi is the idea of beauty in the plain, natural and healthy aspect of form. An appreciation of both the humble and the reserved. It is also an appreciation of the ways in which humans can achieve perfection as well. Sabi is the sense of beauty that comes from...