Copy of `University of Maryland - Health and medicine glossary`

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University of Maryland - Health and medicine glossary
Category: Health and Medicine
Date & country: 22/12/2010, US
Words: 43


atrophic skin
skin that is thin and wrinkled.

basal cells
these cells are found in the outer layer of skin. Basal cells are responsible for producing the squamous cells in the skin.

biopsy
the procedure of removing tissue for examination under a microscope.

birth marks
areas of discolored and/or raised skin that are present at birth or shortly afterward.

blister
a fluid-filled bump.

carbuncles
clusters of boils on the skin.

cellulitis
a bacterial infection of the skin that is characterized by swelling and tenderness.

cold sore
small blisters around and in the mouth caused by the herpes simplex virus.

collagen
a protein produced by skin cells that provide strength and resilience to the skin.

creeping eruption
a skin infection caused by hookworms that is characterized by severe itching.

cryosurgery
a surgery technique that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the skin.

cyst
a deep lesion that is filled with pus.

dermatitis
a number of skin conditions that inflame the skin.

erythrasma
a skin infection of the top layer of skin characterized by irregular pink patches that turn to brown scales.

excoriation
a hollowed-out or linear area of the skin covered by a crust.

folliculitis
an inflammation of the hair follicles due to an infection.

hives (Also called wheals.)
a pink swelling of the skin.

impetigo
a skin infection characterized by pus-filled blisters.

lice
tiny insects that can infest the skin; characterized by intense itching.

lichenification
skin that has thickened.

lipomas
round or oval lumps under the skin caused by fatty deposits.

macule
the smaller version of a patch -- a flat discolored spot.

melanocytes
cells present in the epidermis that produce melanin (skin pigment).

moles
small skin marks caused by pigment-producing cells in the skin.

Mongolian spots
Bluish-black marks on the lower back and buttocks; affects mainly African-American or Asian children.

paranychia
a skin infection around a finger or toenail.

prickly heat
a rash caused by trapped sweat under the skin.

pustule (Also called pimple.)
inflamed lesions that look like pink bumps.

raised bumps
bumps that stick out above the skin surface.

salicylic acid
a keratolytic drug (a drug that removes the outer layer of skin) used to treat various skin conditions.

sarcoidosis
an inflammation of the lymph nodes and other organs.

scabies
an infestation of mites in the skin characterized by small pimples that itch.

scales
dead skin cells that look like flakes or dry skin.

scar
fibrous tissue that has formed after a skin injury.

sebaceous glands
glands in the skin that secrete oil to the surface of the skin.

spider angioma
a bright red mark with a distinct dark spot in the skin.

squamous cells
see keratinocytes.

subcutis
the deepest layer of skin; consists of collagen and fat cells.

tinea versicolor
a common fungal skin infection characterized by white or light brown patches on the skin.

toxic epidermal necrolysis
a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by blistering and peeling of the top layer of skin.

tretinoin
a drug which is chemically related to vitamin A; used to treat acne and other scaly skin disorders.

urushiol
resin in poison ivy plants that causes a skin reaction.

wart
a noncancerous skin growth caused by a virus.