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FIGHT! Magazine - Glossary of MMA terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Glossary of MMA terms
Date & country: 22/12/2010, US
Words: 36


Affliction
us a U.S.based mixed martial arts promotion headed by Affliction Clothing executive Tom Atencio. Its first event, Affliction: Banned, was copromoted by Affliction Clothing and Adrenaline MMA on July 19, 2008 and featured Pride FC heavyweight champion Fedor Emelianenko, who defeated twotime UFC heavyweight champion Tim Sylvia for the newlycrea...

American Top Team
(ATT) is a mixed martial arts academy located in Coconut Creek, Florida and is one of the top teams in MMA. Coaches and instructors include BJJ specialist Ricardo Liborio and Olympic gold medalist Howard Davis, Jr. ATT`s fighters have competed in the UFC, PRIDE, K1 and other organizations.

Americana
usually applied from mount or side control, this figure four armlock occurs when the opponent's arm is pinned to the ground and bent at the elbow, with the opponent's palm upwards. The wrist is grabbed with the opposite hand, and the arm on the same side is put under the opponents arm, gripping the fighter`s own wrist. While the opponent's hand i...

Anaconda Choke
an arm triangle from the front headlock position. The fighter on top threads his arm under the opponent`s neck and through the armpit, and grasps his own biceps. The fighter then attempts to pin his opponent onto the trapped shoulder to better interrupt the flow of blood, while applying pressure with the grasped biceps.

Ankle lock
(or shin lock) is a leglock applied to the ankle joints, usually causing hyperextension of the ankle joints and a compression lock to the achilles tendon or calf muscle.

Arm triangle choke
submission move that occurs when an opponent is strangled in between his own shoulder and his arm.

Armbar
this armlock is most often performed by trapping an opponent`s arm between the legs and extending the hips upward to straighten the arm and hyperextend the elbow.

Armlock
a single or double joint lock that hyperextends, hyperflexes or hyperrotates the elbow or shoulder joint.

Brazilian JiuJitsu
(BJJ)is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on grappling and ground fighting with the goals of gaining a dominant position using submissions. Based on the early 20th century Kodokan Judo, based on many schools of Japanese Jujutsu. BJJ (or Gracie JiuJitsu) was created by brothers Helio and Carlos Gracie Sr. and promote...

Butterfly Guard
an open guard position where the instep of the feet are hooked on the inside of the fighter's legs.

Clinch
a standup grappling position, resulting from one or more fighters applying a clinch hold (i.e. bear hug, double underhooks, etc.). To advance position from a clinch hold, a fighter must pummel his opponent or break position and attempt to advance by striking or taking down his opponent.

D`arce Choke
similar to the Anaconda choke, with the choking arm thread under the near arm in front of an opponent`s neck, and on to of the far arm. Named after Joe D`arce (even though he did not invent the choke), a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu blackbelt under Renzo Gracie, who performed this move often with great success.

Dirty Boxing
boxing in close proximity to your opponent from the clenched position. MMA fighters are allowed to fight from the clench, but traditional boxers are not.

Double Leg Takedown
A takedown similar to a football tackle, a fighter lowers his head and hooks both legs with his arms and applies pressure to the defender's body, which drives the fighter to the ground.

DREAM
is a mixed martial arts organization promoted by Fighting and Entertainment Group and is coproduced with former PRIDE executives from Dream Stage Entertainment. Its sister promotion is K1 kickboxing. In America, DREAM is aired on Mark Cuban`s HDNet. In May 2008, DREAM announced its partnership with EliteXC and the two promotions will share figh...

Elite Xtreme Combat
(EliteXC)is a United Statesbased mixed martial arts organization and is the second largest of its kind (the first being the UFC). It was founded in 2006 as a partnership between Showtime Networks Inc. and ProElite, Inc. Its inaugural event took place on Feb. 10, 2007, featuring Frank Shamrock and Renzo Gracie. EliteXC aired t...

Fish Hooking
inserting fingers into the mouth, nostrils or other orifices of a person with the intention of pulling and tearing the surrounding tissue. Forceful fishhooking involves a high risk of permanent damage to the face or orifices. Not allowed in MMA.

Full Guard
The fighter is on the bottom position on his back with his opponent between his legs at waist level. The bottom fighter must work to control his opponent by holding onto his opponent`s wrists, back of the neck or by bear hugging him in order to prevent him from improving his position. Commonly referred to as a “closed guard.”

Full Mount
occurs when the fighter in the top position is sitting on his opponent`s chest with his knees on both sides of his chest, which prevents him from being able to buck him off and increases the likelihood of damaging groundandpound or submissions from the top.

Gogoplata
usually executed from the guard or rubber guard, when the legs are held high against the opponent`s upper back. One foot is placed in front of the opponent`s head under the chin and the hands are placed behind the opponent`s head and the opponent is choked by pressing the shin or foot against the trachea.

Half Guard
a guard position in which only one of the opponent's legs are held between the grounded fighter's legs.

John Hackleman
owner and operator of The Pit. He grew up in Honolulu Hawaii, where he began training in judo, boxing and kickboxing from an early age. After serving in the Army, he moved to California where he opened The Pit.

Karate
is a martial art system developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese kempo. Karate is generally a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes and openhanded techniques.

Lay and Pray
a strategy sometimes performed when a fighter purposely stalls from the bottom position in the hopes of the top opponent failing to improve his positioning, which may cause a referee standing the two fighters up to a striking or start position, or in the hopes of the round ending by the bell.

Miletich Fighting Systems
Founded in Bettendorf, Iowa in 1997 by former UFC lightweight champion and IFL coach Pat Miletich, it is one of the earliest MMA training schools and has a number of affiliate schools.

Neck Crank
is a spinal lock submission technique applied by pulling, bending, twisting or elongating the neck beyond its normal ranges of rotation, and causes hyperextension, hyperflexion, hyperrotation or extensiondistraction of the cervical spine.

Omoplata
a common shoulder lock used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, it is similar to a Kimura lock, but it is applied using the leg. It can be applied from the guard by placing one leg under the opponent`s armpit and turning 180 degrees toward the leg so the leg moves over the opponent`s back and traps the opponent`s arm. By pushing the arm away from the opponen...

Pat Miletich
is a former UFC lightweight champion and founder of Miletich Fighting Systems in Bettendorf, Iowa and was the coach for MFS in the IFL. He is one of the most wellrespected figures in MMA coaching and training, having trained some of the most recognizable names in MMA, including champions Matt Hughes, Tim Sylvia, Jens Pulver and Robbie Lawler.

Rear Naked Choke
a chokehold applied from an opponent`s back. There are two variations: one in which the fighter encircles his own arm around the neck of the opponent and grabs holds his own bicep to apply pressure, and one in which the fighter clasps his hands to apply pressure after encircling the neck of his opponent.

Sambo
is a martial art and combat sport and selfdefense system developed in the Soviet Union and recognized as an official sport by the USSR AllUnion Sports Committee. Fedor Emelianenko, Andre Arlovski and Aleksander Emelianenko have all held Sambo championship titles.

Turtle
The turtle mount is also known as rear mount or the back mount from the top position in which the fighter`s opponent is on all fours and the fighter on top mounts the back and hooks his legs around his opponent`s hips so he is less likely to shake him off. This is an excellent position of dominance and a fighter can easily apply chokes from the t...

Ultimate Fighting Championship
(UFC) is a U.S.based mixed martial arts promotion and is widely recognized as the largest MMA promotion in the world. It is owned and operated by Zuffa, LLC out of Las Vegas, Nevada. The UFC has grown from a singleeven tournament based on Brazilian vale tudo fighting and referred to by Senator John McCain as “human cockfighti...

Vale Tudo
is translated in Portuguese as “anything goes.” Vale tudo competitions are with unarmed combatants with minimal rules.

World Victory Road
(WVR)is a Japanese MMA promotion formed after Zuffa, the owners of the UFC, purchased PRIDE FC. WVR held its first show in March 2008 in conjunction with the also newlyformed Japanese Mixed Martial Arts Foundation (JMM). It has signed big names like Takanori Gomi and former UFC heavyweight champion Josh Barnett.

Xtreme Couture
is a mixed martial arts training organization headed by UFC Champion and former cofounder of Team Quest, Randy Couture, with several locations, including Las Vegas, Nevada; San Diego, California; Centereach, New York; Vancouver, Washington; Independence, Missouri.; and Wellington, Florida.

Zuffa
is an Italian word, meaning “brawl” or to “fight with no rules".