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Glasgow sculpture index - Index of glasgow sculpture
Category: History and Culture > Index of glasgow sculpture
Date & country: 16/11/2010, SCO
Words: 38


acronyms
Words made up from the initial letters of other words.

acroterion
Acroterion (pl. acroteria) - plinths for statues, etc, at the apex and ends of a pediment. Can also refer to the statues themselves.

Aeneid
Vergil's epic poem on the glorious past of Rome.

antefix
Antefix (plural antefixae) is, originally, an upright decoration used to hide the end of a run of roof tiles. Now also used as general ornamentation.

Art Workers Guild
Formed in 1884, a group of English artists, architects, designers and craftsmen. Their aim was reform through the theory of the interdependence of the arts.

Arts and Crafts Movement
Founded after the 1851 Great Exhibition to improve standards of decorative design and to revive handicrafts, in direct opposition to the trend towards mass-production.

Baroque
From about 1855 Baroque was the accepted term for 17th century art and design. The style is characterized by exuberance and extravagence.

bartizan
Battlemented parapet, or overhanging turret on a wall or tower.

bungalow
In the West this describes a one-storied house. In the East this term is used to descibe a two-storied house or mansion. The word derives from Gujarati bangalo and Hindi bangla, meaning 'belonging to Bengal'.

capital
The head of a column which is often highly carved, moulded and decorated.

caryatid
A sculptured female figure used in place of a column or pillar.

Century Guild
Organization to promote the Arts and Crafts Movement, set up in 1882 by WH Mackmurdo, HP Horne and S Image.

ceramics
Generic term for all types of porcelain and pottery.

chancel
Part of the church for the clergy and choir, near the altar, and usually enclosed.

Chimera
In Greek mythology a chimera is a monster with a lion's head, a goat's body and a serpent's tail.

choragic
A reference to the chorus leader in ancient Greece, whose victory in the competitive choral dances was celebrated by erecting a small decorative structure.

cire perdue
Lost wax: a bronze-casting technique of filling the space between the core and the mould after the core's wax coating has been melted away.

corona
A hanging light formed from one or more (metal) hoops to which lamps or candles are attached.

Dilettante Society
Glasgow Dilettante Society (1825-1843), formed for the 'improvement of the Fine Arts'.

frieze
Loosely applied to any decorated band, but strictly the architectural term for the middle division of an entablature, the horizontal structure lying above and across the columns.

genre
Of a particular style.

gesso
Plaster of Paris or gypsum prepared for use in painting or sculpture.

Gurkhas
Members of the dominant Hindu race in Nepal, who make up several regiments in the British army.

Hakka
A people from south-eastern China, especially around Canton.

laurel
The leaves of the bay-tree used as a symbol of victory.

Maidan
The Maidan is a large public park situated in the very heart of Calcutta.

medallion
Circular or oval framed ornamentation, often containg a portrait in relief. The word literally means a large medal.

Moghul
Mohgul, Mogul or Mughal Empire, founded in the early 16th century in India, The Mughal emperor accepted British protection in 1803.

New Sculpture Movement
From about 1875 the style of British sculpture changed to one of more naturalistic modelling.

ogee
An S-shaped moulding.

porcelain
A hard, dense and, generally, white ceramic substance, impermeable and usually glazed.

relief
A sculpted or moulded design which stands out from a flat surface.

repoussé
Decoration on metal that has been hammered from the reverse side so that the design is pushed through in relief.

reredos
In a church, the ornamental screen behind the altar.

stucco
A slow-setting, durable plaster used for modelling.

terracotta
Ornamental building material of unglazed, fired clay, brownish-red in colour; also used in statuary, pottery, etc.

triptych
Painting or carving on three (hinged) panels.

Union Flag
Union Jack, the national ensign of the United Kingdom, formed by the union of the crosses of St George, St Andrew and St Patrick.