Copy of `Lifetime Hockey - Hockey terms`

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Lifetime Hockey - Hockey terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Hockey Terms
Date & country: 29/10/2008, CAN
Words: 37


Aerobic conditioning
Aerobic means 'with oxygen.' A player needs to have aerobic conditioning in order to efficiently use oxygen and therefore have endurance over the length of the game.

Anaerobic conditioning
Anaerobic means 'without oxygen.' Short bursts of intense energy are needed for many hockey plays. Anaerobic conditioning is needed to be able to optimally execute these plays by having stored energy that can be released without high oxygen intake.

Assist
Individual scoring records are kept for each player. A player that scores a goal is given one scoring point. A player that passes the puck to another player who has scored is given an 'assist' and is also credited with one scoring point. No more than two assists can be awarded on any one goal.

Attackers
Players who bring the puck into the offensive zone are known as attackers. They can include only one player or all the skaters on a team.

Attacking zone
Sometimes also called the offensive zone, the attacking zone is the one third of the rink inside the blue line that contains the defender`s goal.

Backhand
The puck is carried on the stick during stick handling on either the forehand or backhand side. The 'backhand' side of the stick is the side, which is on the outside of the stick curve.

Beach Hockey
A new version of in-line hockey developed by ESPN. The rink is a portable in-line rink (164' x 74') and is set up on a beach. The rules are modified for a fast game with few face-offs.

Bench penalty
A bench penalty can be called on a team for violations of the rules, which are not specific to a player. Any team member can serve the penalty.

Blocker
The goaltender has a special glove known as a blocker which is worn on the hand the holds the stick. The blocker is used to block shots that are high on the goalie`s stick side.

Blue Lines
The ice surface is divided into sections by two blue lines. The blue lines are 60 feet from the goal line (the goal sits on the goal line.) The blue lines are 12 inches wide and extend from board to board. Blue lines are not used on in-line rinks.

Boards
The boards surround the rink and are four feet high and are almost always made of wood. Most indoor rinks add Plexiglas on top of the boards for another 4 to 6 feet. Boards in a newer rink are designed to 'give' when players collide with them.

Body check
If a player contacts another player in order to dislodge the puck it is known as a body check. Body checking is illegal in no check hockey. However, if a player is within on arms length of another player contact is allowed in no check hockey.

Box
A technique used to defend against the power play. The four skaters arrange themselves in a loose box in the defensive zone.

Break out
When a team gains control of the puck in their defensive end they will 'break out' with the puck to go on the attack. Most teams have established break out plays to accomplish this important part of the game.

Breakaway
When one attacking player manages to get by all defenders and is skating in on the goalie by him or herself it is known as a breakaway (also sometimes know as one on none.)

Breezers
Hockey pants are know as breezers (based on our anecdotal research, they are only referred to as Breezers in Wisconsin and Minnesota) they are shorts that come down to the top of the knee and extend high over the waist. Breezers have padding in many places in order to cushion shots and falls. Because breezers are usually very wide in th...

Butterfly save
When a goalie extends both legs in opposite directions in order to stop a shot it is known as a butterfly save.

Change on the fly
A team may change its players even as play continues. This is known as 'changing on the fly.' A player coming on the rink cannot play the puck until the player they are replacing is off the rink.

Charging
Charging is called for taking two steps before applying a body check. It is a two minute minor penalty. It should never occur in a well disciplined game of no check hockey.

Elbow pads
Elbow pads are worn by players to protect their elbows and the portions of the arms that above and below the elbow. Players with good quality shoulder pads, elbow pads and gloves should have very little of their arms exposed.

Face guard or mask
The face guard attaches to the hockey helmet. It can be made of a wire mesh or Plexiglas. A face guard that only covers the eyes is called a half shield.

Game misconduct
A player is suspended for the remainder of the game if they receive a game misconduct. Their team continues to play at full strength unless a minor penalty is also assessed. Garter belt: A garter belt is worn by a player to keep their hockey socks up. Some athletic underwear now comes with Velcro to attach the socks so that...

Half shield
A half shield is a hockey face mask that only covers the upper half of the face - from the nose up. It is usually made of Plexiglas. Hand pass: If the puck is in the air and a player hits it toward another player on their team it is known as a hand pass and the referee will stop play for a face-off. Hard Around: A hard shot...

High in the zone
The area between the blue line and the hash marks on the face off circle is known as high in the zone. High sticking: If a player`s stick is raised over their waist when they contact another player it is known as high sticking and the player will incur a minor penalty. Hitting the pipe: When a shot strikes the metal frame of the...

Icing
When the defensive team shoots the puck from behind the red line into the opponent`s offensive zone and across the red goal line, icing is called. The puck is then taken back into the defensive zone for a face off. In some leagues the puck must be shot across both blue lines for icing to be called. The linesman or referee may 'wav...

Lactic acid
Lactic acid builds up in the muscles as a byproduct of oxygen use and can cause cramping. Aerobic conditioning can prevent excessive lactic acid build up. Left wing lock: The left wing lock is a defensive strategy in which the left wing drops back to play parallel to the defense when the other team begins their breakout. Lift pass: A ...

Major penalty
A major penalty will require the offending player to serve five minutes in the penalty box. Major penalties are called for more severe occurrences of all minor penalty types. Manager: A manager on a recreational team will perform miscellaneous tasks to make the team operate more efficiently. Task includes such items as: scheduling ice ...

Net
The net is also know as the goal and is a metal frame, six feet by four feet, which is enclosed by netting. Neutral zone: The neutral zone is the area between the two blue lines. (It is also the area of space between the Romulans and the Federation for you Star Trek fans!)

OD
OD means the outside diameter of a wheel on an in-line skate. In-line skates can be rockered by having a smaller OD on the front and back wheels of the skate than on the middle wheels. Offsides: An offsides is called when a player precedes the puck into the offensive zone as indicated by the blue line. When an offside occurs the ...

One touch pass
A pass to a player that is deflected quickly to another player is known as a one touch pass.

Open hockey
Open hockey is recreational hockey without set positions or teams. Players attend an open hockey session and divide the participants into two teams. Each team can only play six players at a time. As players tire they leave the ice and a teammate takes their position. Therefore open hockey play does not normally involve lines. ...

Plus/Minus
When a goal is scored for a player's team while the player is on the ice it is counted as +1. If a goal is scored against a player's team while the player is one the ice it counted as -1. The total for the player is known as plus/minus. This statistic is not normally collected in adult recreational hockey. Plyometrics: A ser...

Rebound
When a shot hits a goaltender and bounces back into play it is known as a rebound. Red line: The center line that divides the rink. Referee: The referee is the main official in charge of the game. The referee calls all penalties and indicates when goals are scored. RICE: RICE is an acronym that is useful in remembering i...

Save
When a goaltender blocks a shot from entering the goal it is known as a save. Scramble: If the puck is loose in front of the goal and being batted by players of both teams it is known as a scramble. Screening the goalie: When a offensive player stands between the goalie and the puck in order to obstruct the goalie`s view it is known as scree...

Time out
Most leagues allow one time out per game. A time out is frequently used at the end of a game to outline a strategy for the last few minutes of play (e. g. lines to be used, pulling the goalie, etc.) Tip in: A shot that is deflected into the goal is sometimes called a tip in. Trap: Traps are defensive formations used to keep a team bott...

Umbrella
The umbrella is a formation on the power play in which the defense and one wing stay close to the blue line and pass the puck among themselves until another attacker is open by the goal. Unnecessary roughness: Also called roughing, this is a two minute penalty that is a judgment of the referee.

Zamboni
The device that resurfaces the ice between periods is known as a Zamboni. The Zamboni Company manufactures these vehicles specifically for this purpose.