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Microsulis Medical Limited - Menstrual Bleeding terms
Category: Health and Medicine > Menstrual Bleeding
Date & country: 08/01/2008, UK
Words: 57


Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Amenorrhoea
Absence of periods i.e. no menstrual bleeding.

Anaemia
A condition in which there are insufficient healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to tissues. It can be caused by an iron or vitamin deficiency, blood loss, a chronic illness, or a genetic or acquired defect or disease. It may also be a side effect of a medication. Anaemia can be temporary or chronic. It can range from mild to severe.

Cervix
The lower, narrower end of the womb.

Corneal regions of the uterus
The horn shaped top of the uterus leading to the Fallopian tubes.

Cornua
The horn shaped top of the uterus leading to the Fallopian tubes.

Danazol
Danazol is a synthetic steroid with anti-oestrogenic and anti progestogenic activity, and weak androgenic properties. Danazol suppresses oestrogen and progesterone receptors in the endometrium, leading to endometrial atrophy (thinning of the lining of the uterus), reduced menstrual loss and amenorrhoea in some women.

Endometrial Ablation
Danazol is a synthetic steroid with anti-oestrogenic and anti progestogenic activity, and weak androgenic properties. Danazol suppresses oestrogen and progesterone receptors in the endometrium, leading to endometrial atrophy (thinning of the lining of the uterus), reduced menstrual loss and amenorrhoea in some women. Removal of the inner lining of …

Endometrial lining
The inner lining of the uterus that thickens and sloughs off during the menstrual cycle.

Endometriosis
A condition where tissue resembling the endometrium occurs outside the uterus. The tissue responds to the menstrual cycle causing internal bleeding and pain.

Endometrium
The inner lining of the uterus that thickens and sloughs off during the menstrual cycle.

Excessive Menstrual Bleeding
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Fibroids
Benign, smooth muscle tumours of the uterus

First-generation treatment
Surgical techniques to remove the inner lining of the uterus that are carried out under hysteroscopic control are known collectively as ‘first-generation` EA techniques.

GnRH Agonists
GnRH is a hormone produced by the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus controls many of the basal functions of the body, including reproduction. GnRH agonists, such as leuprolide acetate (Lupron) and nafarelin acetate (Synarel), very selectively inhibit the ability of the pituitary and can temporarily 'turn off' the ovaries. GnRH Agonists can be used ins …

Heavy Bleeding
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Heavy Periods
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

HMB
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Hormonal imbalance
Hormones are substances secreted directly into the bloodstream and are produced by several glands and organs in the body such as the ovaries, thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, liver and others. Hormones travel through the bloodstream from where they are produced to where they interact with receptors to do the work for which they were intended. Hormones …

HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy)
A program of subsidising the body's supply of hormones with additional hormones in order to restore vitality. The most common HRT involves oestrogen replacement for menopausal women. There is some concern that taking oestrogen after natural production stops might be harmful.

Hypomenorrhoea
Menstruation period is short or where blood flow during menstruation is low.

Hysterectomy
The surgical removal of the uterus, may include removal of the cervix.

Hysteroscope
An instrument using fibre optic technology which allows direct visualisation of the uterine cavity. Channels in the instrument allow other instruments to be inserted to perform ablations. Diagnostic hysteroscopy provides a clear, direct view of the uterine cavity and provides a wealth of information that enables the gynaecologist to provide patient …

Hysteroscopic control
An instrument using fibre optic technology which allows direct visualisation of the uterine cavity. Channels in the instrument allow other instruments to be inserted to perform ablations. Diagnostic hysteroscopy provides a clear, direct view of the uterine cavity and provides a wealth of information that enables the gynaecologist to provide patient …

Hysteroscopic Endometrial Ablation
Surgical techniques to remove the inner lining of the uterus that are carried out under hysteroscopic control are known collectively as ‘first-generation` EA techniques.

Irregular uterine cavities
The hollow in the uterus is distorted e.g. by polyps and/or fibroids.

MEA
Microwave Endometrial Ablation: a superior second-generation treatment from Microsulis for heavy menstrual bleeding.

Menopause
The time when a women stops having a period, also known as ‘the change of life`

Menorrhagia
Menstrual bleeding that is heavy or excessive and/or prolonged. It constitutes a significant problem in pre-menopausal women - resulting in adverse health, reduced quality of life and much disruption in the lives of those afflicted. Clinically defined as more than 80ml of blood per cycle, or menstrual bleeding lasting longer than seven days - its d …

Menstrual cessation
Periods stop.

Menstrual cycle
The cyclic, physiologic discharge of blood and mucosal tissues through the vagina from the non-pregnant uterus. It is under hormonal control and recurs at approximately 4 week intervals.

Menstruate
The cyclic, physiologic discharge of blood and mucosal tissues through the vagina from the non-pregnant uterus. It is under hormonal control and recurs at approximately 4 week intervals.

Menstruation
The cyclic, physiologic discharge of blood and mucosal tissues through the vagina from the non-pregnant uterus. It is under hormonal control and recurs at approximately 4 week intervals.

Minimal access surgery
Surgical techniques that are less invasive for the patient. The end result is that the patient recovers faster and has fewer long-term consequences from the surgery. The minimal access technique is made possible by placing a telescope through a small incision into the surgical site. Placing little instruments through 2 to 4 other small incisions co …

Mortality
Death/loss of life.

Myometrium
The outer muscular layer of the uterus.

Oestrogen
Hormones are substances secreted directly into the bloodstream and are produced by several glands and organs in the body such as the ovaries, thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, liver and others. Hormones travel through the bloodstream from where they are produced to where they interact with receptors to do the work for which they were intended. Hormones …

Operative complications
Medical related problems that occur during a surgical operation.

Ovarian hormones
Hormones are substances secreted directly into the bloodstream and are produced by several glands and organs in the body such as the ovaries, thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, liver and others. Hormones travel through the bloodstream from where they are produced to where they interact with receptors to do the work for which they were intended. Hormones …

Ovulation
The cyclic, physiologic discharge of blood and mucosal tissues through the vagina from the non-pregnant uterus. It is under hormonal control and recurs at approximately 4 week intervals.

Period pain
Many women suffer from period pain. It may be very mild or severe. The pain may also vary between monthly cycles. There are two types of period pain (dysmenorrhoea): Primary: This usually occurs in females who have just begun to menstruate. It may disappear or become less severe after a woman leaves her teens or gives birth. These menstrual cramps …

Period(s)
The cyclic, physiologic discharge of blood and mucosal tissues through the vagina from the non-pregnant uterus. It is under hormonal control and recurs at approximately 4 week intervals.

Polyps
A mass of tissue on the mucosal lining – in this case, in the uterus.

Post-operative complications
Medical related problems that occur after surgical treatment.

Progesterone
Hormones are substances secreted directly into the bloodstream and are produced by several glands and organs in the body such as the ovaries, thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, liver and others. Hormones travel through the bloodstream from where they are produced to where they interact with receptors to do the work for which they were intended. Hormones …

Progestin
Hormones are substances secreted directly into the bloodstream and are produced by several glands and organs in the body such as the ovaries, thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, liver and others. Hormones travel through the bloodstream from where they are produced to where they interact with receptors to do the work for which they were intended. Hormones …

Second-generation treatment
Over the last ten years, a wide range of devices have been developed to improve safety, to reduce the technical skill required to perform EA with direct visualisation by hysteroscope and to minimise the invasiveness of the procedures. These techniques are generically called ‘second-generation` EA techniques. The majority of the techniques use vario …

Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence is the complete or partial loss of control over the function of the bladder. It becomes more common with increasing age and is more common in women than in men.

Urogenital atrophy
This refers to two separate problems. One is genital atrophy and the other is atrophy of the urinary system. Genital atrophy means that the tissues of the vagina become thinner because of the lack of oestrogen. This results in itching, pain during sexual intercourse, and a greater frequency of vaginal infection. Atrophy of the urinary system means …

Uterine cancer
There are two parts of the womb that are prone to cancer—the neck (cervix), which can develop cervical cancer, and the endometrium, which can develop endometrial cancer. Cancer of the lining of the womb (endometrial cancer) has quite different features from cervical cancer and is much less common.

Uterine cavity
The hollow space within the uterus.

Uterine Fibroids
Benign, smooth muscle tumours of the uterus

Uterine fundus
The higher wider end of the uterus.

Uterine lining
The inner lining of the uterus that thickens and sloughs off during the menstrual cycle.

Uterus
The womb: a hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ in which the embryo is nourished.