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Injury+ - Medical glossary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical glossary
Date & country: 08/01/2008,
Words: 34


Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia is fear and avoidance of certain situations, typically being a long way from home, in a crowded place, or on public transport.

Amputations
An amputation is the vascular surgeons' operation of last resort and is done for two reasons:

Anaesthetics
Toxic side effects of local anaesthetic drugs occur when excessive blood levels occur.

Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially fatal, allergic reaction involving several organ systems in response to a specific trigger or allergen. Clinically the key features are the presence of respiratory difficulties and shock.

Asbestos Related Lung Disease
A number of respiratory disease are recognised as being linked to previous asbestos exposure. They are; benign pleural thickening, where the lining of the lung are thickened and often hardened by calcium or calcified;. asbestosis where the lung tissue its

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
This rare form of cerebral palsy affects the sense of balance and depth perception.

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
Athetoid cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the cerebellum or basal ganglia.

Birth Injury
Common birth injuries include skin irritations, paralysis, fractured bones, brain injury and nerve damage.

Brain Injury
Impact or vigorous acceleration/decceleration resulting in injury to the brain or its coverings to cause primary or lead to secondary injury.

Cauda Equina Syndrome
The most common cause of Cauda Equina Syndrome results from a prolapsed disc pressing on the bundle of nerve roots at the base of the spinal column.

Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is not one disease or illness: the term covers a range of movement problems. Sometimes a cause can be found: usually cerebral palsy is due to underdevelopment of a particular part of the brain, either before or after birth. Occasionally it

Encephalopathy
Encephalopathy is a term for any diffuse disease of the brain that alters brain function or structure.

Epilepsy or Blackouts
Obviously in blackouts, the patient has no symptoms which are of the warning or after effects. The characteristics of these symptoms are important to the doctor for making a diagnosis as is a witness account if available.

Erbs Palsy
Brachial Plexus Palsy, also referred to as Erb's Palsy, is a condition that affects the nerves that control the muscles in the arm and hand.

Failed Sterilisation
Wrongful Births fall into two categories. The first is failed sterilisation or failed vasectomy. The second arises where parents have not been warned, as a result of incorrect screening, that a child may be born with a specific disability and if they had...

Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the result of increased pressure within the eye leading to damage of the optic nerve (which carries the images we see to the brain).

Head Injury
Complications are not always immediate following head injury so careful observation for at least 24 hours is required by a responsible adult.

Jaw Fractures
Broken jaws are usually the result of trauma directly to the face. Fractures of the lower jaw, the mandible, are more common than those to the upper jaw, the maxilla.

Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer in which malignant (cancerous) cells are found in the mesothelium, a protective sac that covers most of the body's internal organs.

Mixed Cerebral Palsy
About 10 percent of children with cerebral palsy have what is known a mixed-type cerebral palsy.

Noise Induced Hearing Loss
Noise Induced Hearing Loss You are at: Home / Noise Induced Hearing Loss Noise Induced Hearing Loss Noise induced hearing loss is the irreversible damage resulting in hearing loss and occasional tinnitus associated with being exposed to excessive levels of industrial noise.

Obstetric Cholestasis
Obstetric Cholestasis is a liver disorder that affects approximately 1% of pregnant women and continues until delivery.

Occupational Bronchitis
Occupational Bronchitis is the response of the lungs to constant irritation, e.g. from cigarette smoke, air pollution, dust, irritant vapours and gases.

Occupational Emphysema
Occupational Emphysema is a disease of the alveoli, the microscopic sacs at the very end of the air passages, where the blood picks up oxygen from the air and releases carbon dioxide.

Pressure Sores
Pressure sores are wounds that occur from tissue breakdown as a result of unrelieved pressure over a particular body site.

Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy
Quadriplegic cerebral palsy is when both arms and both legs are affected. Usually the trunk and muscles that control the mouth, tongue, and windpipe are affected as well.

Repetitive Strain Injury
Repetitive strain injury (or chronic work related upper limb pain syndrome) is the common cause of discomfort of the wrist and arm which usually occurs in typists and computer users and is now a common cause of litigation.

Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Respiratory distress syndrome is one of the most common lung disorders in premature infants and causes increasing difficulty in breathing.

Spastic Cerebral Palsy
Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type of cerebral palsy, accounting for nearly 80 percent of all cerebral palsy cases.

Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs when a traumatic event results in damage to cells within the spinal cord or severs the nerve tracts that relay signals up and down the spinal cord. The most common types of SCI include contusion (bruising of the spinal cord

Ulnar Nerve Neuritis
The ulnar nerve is at risk of injury behind the medial epicondyle and the tip of the elbow (olecranon) where it lies in a superficial position.

Vibration White Finger
Vibration White Finger is a recognised condition which affects workers using vibatory, rotating or percussive hand guided power tools.Vibration White Finger is a recognised condition which affects workers using vibatory, rotating or percussive hand guided power tools. Exposure to such vibration can damage the fingers, hands and arms causing impaire …

Whiplash Injury
Rapid changes of velocity from car or sports injuries cause violent flexion and extension movements in the neck.

Wrist fracture (colles fracture)
In a Colles or wrist fracture the mode of injury is usually a fall on the outstretched hand, which results in the hand being forced upwards and backwards. The distal end of the radius is sometimes broken in association with the distal part of the ulna.