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The tummy or belly.
Of short duration (not necessarily severe).
Back passage; lower opening of the gut.
A white substance which shows up on X-rays and can be swallowed to outline the stomach (Barium meal) or introduced via the anus to outline the colon (Barium enema).
A fluid produced in the liver and passed into the gut via the bile ducts. Bile contains: Bile Salts - natural detergents which (a) help fat digestion, (b) make cholesterol soluble in bile. -Bilirubin - a waste pigment, excreted in bile which makes the stools brown.
Removal of a piece of intestinal mucosa for analysis.
Continuing for a long time.
Permanent liver damage with scarring and other changes.
Damage to the intestine of susceptible people by gluten causing malabsorption (see Gluten and Malabsorption).
Inflammation of the mucosa (lining) of the colon.
Endoscopic inspection of the colon (see Endoscope).
An opening in the body wall created surgically so the colon can drain
A chronic inflammatory disease affecting any part of the gut. Named after a doctor who described it. May cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea or weight-loss.
Breaking down of food to simpler substances for absorption from the gut.
The part of the gut leading from the stomach.
An instrument for looking inside the body. Usually flexible and fibreoptic (see Gastroscopy and Colonoscopy).
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions and breaks down food stuffs to simple substances which the body can absorb (see Digestion).
A technique for introducing X-ray dye directly into the bile ducts using an endoscope.
Stools or motions.
The part of a plant which is not digested. It makes the stools soft.
A condition in which an organ does not function perfectly, although it may look structurally normal.
A sac where bile is stored ready to be squeezed out when a meal is eaten.
Stones usually formed from crystals of cholesterol in the gall bladder.
To do with the stomach.
Inflammation of the mucosa (lining) of the stomach (see Inflammation).
Endoscopic inspection of the stomach (see Endoscope).
The sticky (glutinous) protein of wheat, rye, barley and oats which causes coeliac disease.
Vomiting of blood because of internal bleeding, e.g. from an ulcer (see Melaena).
A normal gap in the diaphragm which the oesophagus passes through.
Protrusion of part of the stomach through the hiatus of the diaphragm (see hiatus).
An opening in the body wall, created surgically, so the ileum can drain into an attached bag.
Lower half of the small bowel.
Reddening of a tissue in response to injury or infection.
inflammatory bowel disease
Disease where the bowel becomes inflamed. Usually refers to ulcerative colitis or Crohn`s Disease.
irritable bowel syndrome
A common functional bowel disorder causing abdominal pain, diarrhoea or constipation.
Yellowing of the eyes and skin caused by accumulation of bilirubin because of liver disease.
Upper half of small bowel between duodenum and ileum. Most food is absorbed here.
Abdominal cramps and diarrhoea after milk products. Usually due to difficulty in digesting lactose (milk sugar).
Failure of the intestine to digest or absorb food stuffs leading to diarrhoea and malnutrition.
Black tarry stools caused by bleeding into the gut (see Haematemesis).
The spread of cancer from the original site to another part of the body (e.g. the liver).
The lining of the bowel.
Slime produced in the gut which covers, protects and lubricates the mucosa.
Inflammation of the oesophagus.
The gullet. A pipe leading from the mouth to stomach.
Gland which delivers enzymes into the duodenum for the digestion of food.
Inflammation of the pancreas. Usually painful.
To do with pepsin or digestion.
Benign (non-cancerous) bowel tumour.
Inflammation of the rectum (like a localised colitis).
Short instrument introduced through the anus to inspect the rectum.
Lower end of the bowel leading from colon to anus.
Backwash, for example, of stomach contents into the oesophagus causing heartburn.
Flare-up of activity of a chronic disease such as ulcerative colitis.
Period when a chronic disease is inactive and causes no symptoms.
S-shaped part of the colon leading to the rectum.
An instrument (telescope) passed through the anus (back passage) to examine the lower bowel.
A muscular valve.
An opening, through the abdomen created surgically (a general term-see also Ileostomy and Colostomy).
A type of colitis of unknown cause with inflammation and sometimes ulceration of the mucosa of the colon causing intermittent attacks of bloody diarrhoea (see Colitis and inflammation).
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