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Web Genocide Documentation Centre - Genocidal Processes WWII
Category: Military and Defence > WWII - Genocide
Date & country: 14/12/2007, UK
Words: 25


Abwehr
Intelligence services of the Wehrmacht. Most of their activities were gradually taken over by the SS, being absorbed by it in 1944.

Allgemeine SS
General body of the SS, which included all members of the organisation with the exception of the Waffen-SS For Nuremberg materials see Schutzstaffel

Barbarossa
Codeword for the military onslaught on the USSR, launched June 22, 1941

Capo (Kapo)
A position of authority in concentration/death camps occupied by an inmate. Capo's carried out the instructions of their immediate SS supervisors, usually a Blockführer. Most frequently they were selected from among those inmates who had been incarcerated because of their criminal activities. As their own, frequently limited, albeit life-savin…

Culturecide
See article culturecide.htm

Deutschen Polizei
Divided by Himmler into two branches: (1) Ordnungspolizei, Ordinary Police, abbreviated to Orpo, and (2) Sicherheitspolizei, the Security Police, abbreviated to Sipo. Follow the links for details on each.

Einsatzgruppe
Translated, variously, as Special Force, Action Group, Operational Force, Task Force. The plural is Einsatzgruppen. These units were under the control of the Reichsführer-SS and had been formed originally to perform special operations attendant upon the invasion of Poland in September, 1939. With the invasion of the USSR on June 22, 1941, they …

Jew
Raul Hilberg, in his Destruction of the European Jews, argued that conceptually the destructive process can be interpreted as having proceeded through a number of distinct phases. His approach is etiologically cumulative, each phase building on the preceding one, in line with his contention that the direct physical elimination of the Jewish popul…

Kommisarbefehl
Issued June 6, 1941. Instructions on the liquidation of Bolshevik officials captured by the German forces invading the USSR. The order and further details.

Konzentrationslager
Concentration camp

Kriminalpolizei
The Kriminalpolizei and the Geheime Staatspolizei together constituted the Security Police, Sipo, the Sicherheitspolizei

Kugel [bullet] Decree
A decree that 'directed that every escaped officer and NC0 prisoner of war who had not been put to work, with the exception of British and American prisoners of war, should on recapture be handed over to the SIP0 and SD. ...These escaped officers and NCOs were to be sent to the concentration camp at Mauthausen, to be executed upon arrival, by mean…

Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party
Under the terms of Article 9 of the Charter of the International Military Tribunal 'At the trial of any group or organisation the Tribunal may declare (in connection with any act of which the individual may be convicted) that the group or organisation of which the individual was a member was a criminal organisation.' One of the groups so designat…

Lebensborn e.V
'The Fountain of Life. An SS society founded in 1936. ... Its main functions were to adopt suitable children for childless SS families, to succour racially sound pregnant women and their offspring, and in general to promote the racial policy of the SS.' (H Krausnick, M Broszat. Anatomy of the SS State. London: Paladin, 1973)

Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler
One of the most famous and esteemed units of the SS, being the personal bodyguard of der Führer. Formed in 1933, it was commanded by SS-Gruppenführer Josef (Sepp) Dietrich, initially with a complement of 120 men.

Nuremberg Military Tribunal
Tribunal(s) set up by the United States in its zone of occupation to try those who were guilty of major war crimes, under the authority of Control Council Law No.10. Twelve trials were conducted between 1946 and 1949. These included the trial of those who had participated in and commanded the Einsatzgruppen, members of the RuSHA, and the I G Farb…

OKH
Both numerically and operationally, the Army was the most important of the armed services. Field-Marshall Walter von Brauchitsch was its Commander-in-Chief between 1938 and December 1941. This position was then assumed by Hitler. As Hitler was also Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht, this meant that there was considerable overlap in pr…

OKM
'The Navy was the smallest of the services, and its personnel and units were numerically the smallest within the German Armed Forces. From 1928 until 1943 the OKM was headed by Fleet Admiral Erich Raeder. From 1943 to the end of the war in May, 1945, Fleet Admiral Doenitz, succeeding Raeder, was Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy, having p…

OKW
The OKW was established in February 1938 and controlled all matters of inter-service policy. It was directly responsible for the overall conduct of operations during the war. Its most senior officer was Wilhelm Keitel, Field Marshal and Chief of Staff for the whole of the period from 1938 to 1945. The most important section of the OKW, which was…

Protocols of the Elders of Zion
Anti-Semitic tract that was first printed and circulated in Russia during the first decade of the twentieth century. Its subject matter was purported meetings held during the Zionist Congress held in Basle, Switzerland, in 1897. Jews and Freemasons were alleged to have held discussions directed at ensuring a world government controlled by them …

Sicherheitsdienst des RfSS
The security service of the SS [RfSS refers to Reichsführer-SS], established in 1932. Its head was Reinhard Heydrich. It was the intelligence agency of the NSDAP. In 1944 it absorbed the Abwehr, the intelligence agency of the OKW, the Armed Forces High Command. Nuremberg Tribunal Indictment, Gestapo and SD: Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV, P…

Sicherheitspolizei
The Security Police, which included the Kripo and the Gestapo

Sipo
Founded in 1921, these were the political soldiers of the NSDAP, its most active supporters and those who marched in demonstrations, kept control at political meetings, and were quite prepared to engage in active combat with supporters of opposing political parties. Most of the more serious conflicts were with members of the socialist and communi…

WFSt
The Economic and Administrative Office of the SS. Created in 1942 it controlled the vast economic interests of the SS. These were tied up with concentration camp and extermination programme through the administration of slave labour and the saleable outputs from the Jewish ghettoes and concentration and extermination camps. The SS official in …

Zigeunerlager
Municipal camps for the confinement of German Roma and Sinti, established post-1935. Roma and Sinti who were stateless, or held other nationalities, had already mostly been expelled from German soil: 'These gypsy camps were in essence SS-Sonderlager: special internment camps combining elements of protective custody, concentration camps and embryo…