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Ã?n charge of letters'. imperial secretary responsible for military promotions.
Absentia rei publicae causa
Absence on behalf of the state. military service meant that most types of legal action against a soldier were frozen untill his discharge.
'Reservist'. light legionary infantry soldier.
Amount received by soldier after deductions from his pay.
Double battle lines.
Triple battle lines.
Ad pila et spathas
Close quarter combat.
'With the standards'. present with unit.
Latrine fatigue duty.
Ad triarios redisse
'To fall back on the triarii '. to have reached a desperate situation.
Adolescent. soldier's offspring that would follow in the hereditary military service of the fourth century AD and received rations before taking up actual service.
'Supporter'. title borne by two legions raised from naval soldiers.
Sanctuary in the HQ where the standards were stored and a likeness of the emperor was kept.
Treasury. pay chest.
Military pension fund.
Summer campaigning camp.
Agens in rebus
Late Roman intelligence operative.
'Public land'. confiscated land belonging to the Roman state.
A - earth wall. B - assault ramp.
Square marching formation.
Javelineer. light infantryman.
'Wing'. A - unit of the allies. B - unit of auxiliary cavalry.
Cavalry unit with attached camel riders.
Auxiliary cavalry unit with an establishment strength of some thousand men.
Auxiliary cavalry unit with an establishment strength of some five hundred troopers.
Unit of several thousand soldiers drawn from the socii or allies.
'Wingman'. soldier serving in ala .
'Crested larks'. cognomen for the legio V originally raised by Caesar as a legio vernacula .
Relief of duty.
Chosen man. elite soldier.
Thong attached to a throwing spear to increase range and accuracy.
Requisition of transport.
Requisitioning of transport.
Decorated with thin purple stripe.
Thin purple stripe on tunic indicating membership of the equestrian order.
A - provisions. B - tax in kind.
Subsidy given to allies.
'Front runner'. advanced skirmisher.
'In front of the spearbearers'. soldier stationed in first or second battle line.
Soldier fighting in front of the standards. elite legionary foot soldier capable of fighting as both heavy and light infantry.
Boar. one of the five original legionary standards of a republican legio and symbol of the imperial legio XX and llegio X Fretensis.
Dedicated to Apollo.
'Birthday of the eagle'. anniversary of the official founding of a legio .
Eaglebearer. standardbearer carrying the legion's eagle.
Constructor of torsion guns.
Archoon tou kontuberniou
'Commander of the tent party'. squad leader, term used as equivalent of dekarchos .
Torsion gun. crossbow.
Late Roman scout/spy unit based in Britannia.
Military unit. Greek equivalent of numerus .
The weapons of the antesignani . lonchè or lancea and aspis .
The weapons of the postsignani . xyston or pilum and thyreos or scutum .
The weapons belonging to the velites . hasta velitaris and parma .
A - advanced weapons training. B - weapon instructor. C - soldier with advanced weapons training. D - armament.
Weapons instructor on double rations.
Soldier tasked with the administration and supply of weapons and equipment.
Equivalent of doctor armorum . weapons instructor.
'Weaponbearer'. armed man.
Military clothing item.
Arm band used as military decoration.
Curved shield used by legionary heavy infantry.
Flat shield used by legionary light infantry.
Propertied citizen with military service obligation.
Money tax levied instead of protostasia .
Late Roman crack infantry units.
Late Roman infantry unit.
Elite late Roman field army infantry unit.
Late Roman rebel group in Gaul.
â€˜Fourwheeled torsion gun`. mobile catapult.
Byzantine standard bearer.
Late Roman military unit.
Late Roman military standard.
The world beyond the imperial frontiers.
Non Roman. foreigner.
Basilica equestris exercitatoria
Cavalry training hall.
A - Batavian. B - nickname of imperial horse guard trooper.
Barbarian heavy javelin.
A - soldier on special assignment. B - military police.
Soldier attached to a provincial governor's staff.
Beneficiarius legati legionis
Soldier attached to staff of legionary commander.
Soldier attached to the staff of a tribunus .
Greek equivalent of beneficiarius .
Late Roman NCO.
Double headed axe.
Personal retainer, Greek equivalent of Buccellarius .
'Little Briton'. derogatory name for Roman adversary in Britannia.
Hard tack. ration.
Helmet cheeck piece.
Trumpeter with NCO rank.
Soldier stationed at burgus .
To slash (with a sword).
'Shoe money'. bounty demanded by troops for prolonged marching.
Leather personnel carrier. military boot.
Person wearing caligae . soldier, NCO or officer below the social rank of eques Romanus .
Horse groom. military servant.
'Born at the exercise field'. elite legionary soldier.
Cavalry training area. exercise field.
Field of Mars where during the republic troops were assembled prior to military campaigns.
Civilian settlement attached to military base.
A - soldier awaiting promotion. B - late Roman guardsman.
The nickname of the soldiers who had survived the defeat at Cannae and were kept in service until Carthage was defeated in the Second Punic War.
'Head count'. citizens that could not meet the property demands required for military service.
Container with bandages and medical implements carried by medics.
Head of tentparty.
'Boar's head'. attack column or wedge formation.
Summer campaigning camp.
To break camp.
Military base at Rome for personel seconded from the provincial armies.
Praetorian camp. A - base of the praetorian guard at Rome established by Tiberius. B - dense close ordered formation in the late Roman army.
Possessions acquired by soldier during military service which remained outside the patria potestas .
Heavily armoured cavalryman.
Heavily armoured cavalryman.
'Shield smasher'. torsion gun.
Soldier discharged for wounds or other medical reasons.
'Give me another'. nickname of a hated centurio killed in the Pannonian mutiny of AD 14 who used to break his vine sticks on the back of his men.
Provision of (money for) food. often extorted by soldiers billeted on civilians.
Late Roman officer of equivalent rank as centurio .
Unit of nominally a hundred men.
'Hundred'. military unit of some thirty to two hundred foot soldiers.
'Commander of hundred'. centurion. officer.
Cavalry training officer.
Centurion commanding a centuria .
Second in command of a manipulus .
Senior centurion of a manipulus .
District centurion responsible for administration and law enforcement.
Centurio speculatorum Augustorum
Officer attached to the speculatores of the praetorian guard.
Officer in charge of horse supply to the army which was at times placed in command of the pedites singulares .
Supernumerary centurion with special assignments.
'Animal horn'. obstacle made of pointed stakes.
Shield. small Hispanic buckler.
A - soldier equipped with a small shield. B - skirmisher.
Unit of nominally a thousand men.
'Commander of a thousand'. Greek term for tribunus .
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