Copy of `Judicial Communications Office - Judicial glossary`
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Judicial Communications Office - Judicial glossary
Category: Business and Law
Date & country: 11/12/2007, UK
A temporary postponement of legal proceedings.
Alternative Dispute Resolution. Methods of resolving disputes which do not involve the normal trial process.
A defence that someone accused of a crime was not there at the time and could not have committed the offence.
A formal request to a higher court that the verdict or ruling of a court be changed.
The body of law created by judges' decisions on individual cases.
A judge who normally sits in the county court and/or Crown Court.
A court that deals with matters concerning private rights and not offences against the state.
Contempt of court
An offence that can lead to a fine and even imprisonment because of a lack of respect or obedience by an individual in a court of law. You are also in contempt of court if you disobey an injunction or court order.
The Crown Court deals with all crime committed for trial by magistrates' courts. Cases for trial are heard before a judge and jury. The Crown Court also acts as an appeal court for cases heard and dealt with by magistrates.
Where an offender is confined to a prison or young offenders' institution for a set period of time.
A three-tiered system in criminal proceedings which ensures vital information on both sides of a court case can be seen by all parties:
An early version of a proposed Bill before it is introduced into Parliament.
Proceedings held before a court.
Justice of the Peace. The official title of a magistrate.
Of the judiciary (see below).
Independent body set up by Parliament to review and recommend reform of the law in England and Wales.
Lay justice member
Another term for a magistrate.
Process taking place outside a court to resolve a dispute.
The correct form of address for a High Court judge.
A short court hearing at which a judge considers how ready all parties in a case may be for the trial and fixes a timetable where necessary.
Advancing to a higher rank; another term for promotion.
The right of a party to refuse to disclose a document or produce a document or to refuse to answer questions on the ground of some special interest recognised by law.
The legal recognition of the validity of a will.
The beginning or conduct of criminal proceedings against a person.
A law that has been passed by an Act of Parliament.
Trial taking place in a magistrates court.
Judges or magistrates sitting in court are collectively known as 'the Bench'.
Where an appeal against a judicial decision ends with the original ruling being maintained.
A High Court action making a minor a ward of court.