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A wall that rises above the slope of the roof that separates different sections of the roof..
A brick designed with holes through it so as to provide ventilation. Widely used by the construction industry and self build land enthusiasts..
Article 4 Direction
Permitted development rights have been granted by Parliament and Government policy that should be withdrawn only in exceptional circumstances, including evidence of a real and specific threat that permitted development is likely to take place which could damage an interest of acknowledged importance. Some small scale alterations / extensions to proâ€¦
A land-locked site, such as a back garden or an open public space. They are usually found in developed residential areas. Self build land enthusiasts tend to develop this land after they have built their self build home..
A collective term for describing hand rails, baluster rails and sections of steps or balconies upon which they are mounted..
Timber boards fixed to the gable end of a roof to protect the roof timbers against the weather. Widely used by self builders..
The large foundation concrete slab underneath a self build or other home..
A brick of half the normal length, used to complete a wall course bond..
A slab of insulating material..
A small section of timber, to which sheet materials, slates and tiles may be fixed..
A section of masonry designed to make the construction of self build homes quicker and more efficient. Larger than a normal house brick..
A wall built from blocks, widely used by self build land enthusiasts and the home-building industry.
A hardwood cap attached to the end of a wooden post to increase it capacity to bear loads..
To push or otherwise fit together..
An additional bracing wall, often set at right angles to the main wall. It is usually constructed from brick or stone, and tapers towards its summit..
The angle between two walls, which is greater or lesser than a right angle..
A beam, which is fixed at one end..
This is when fluids such as water get sucked into narrow spaces, such as the gaps between bricks, usually in porous material. This particularly can lead to rising damp..
Capital Gains Tax
A tax levied on the proceeds generated from the sale of property or other assets. Highly relevant to self builders, since they may need to pay it, depending on whether they own their own home at the time of self-building. Watch out for a new page on this site covering the relevance of CGT for self builders..
The rise in value of a property over time. Self build land enthusiasts tend to enjoy quite a lot of this!.
The timber used in structural sections of a building - for example, roof rafters and floor joists..
A window hinged on one of its vertical edges..
The gap between the external and internal walls of a house, often filled with insulating material such as expanded polystyrene..
Galvanised metal fixings used to bond the external and internal walls together..
Cavity walls were introduced in the early 1900's to eliminate the problem of water penetrating to the inside of a building. This is achieved because the inner and outer leaves of the wall are totally separate except for the wall ties which are designed to prevent water from crossing from the outer wall to the inner wall. (Wall ties are now, almost â€¦
A tie running between the joists or trussed rafters..
A certificate from the Land Registry that shows the boundaries of a property and gives details of covenants affecting it. If there is a mortgage on the land, a charge certificate will be issued instead of the normal land certificate. It also shows a record of the deed creating the mortgage..
To cut a groove in brickwork or other material, so as to make it possible to embed a cable or pipe into it..
The outermost weatherproof material, fixed to a wall, designed to be decorative and / or functional..
A site that once had an industrial, manufacturing or other operation located on it, but which is now clear. Due to the previous use of the land, their is a potential of contamination..
A notice issued by the local authority after the final visit by the building inspector, confirming that the self build home or other structure complies with building regulations..
A certificate issued by the architect to authorize a payment to a main contractor, which establishes the value of retention money to be held over a defects period.
Land with a prior history of having toxic substances, chemical waste or manufacturing by-products contained in the soil structure. Something to probably steer clear of for self builders!.
The legal process involved in buying and / or selling self build land, or land in general, or property..
A decorative addition to the top of an external or internal wall..
A single layer of bricks or blocks..
An agreement to do or not do something contained in a deed. Covenants can be made by the current or any prior owner of the land. An example would be to maintain a particular wall..
Decorative moulding adjoining the top of an interior wall and the ceiling..
Panels fixed to the lower half of internal walls.
Decorative and/or functional rails, usually made from moulded timber, fitted traditionally to internal walls to protect them from damage by chairs.
A waterproof membrane installed in walls and floors to pre- vent moisture causing damage by rising upwards through the structure. Also termed 'damp course' or 'DPC'.
The standard and widely used abbreviation for damp-proof course.
A brick or timber joint that is not bonded with mortar or adhesive.
An internal partition or cladding constructed usually with a timber frame and plasterboard.
A system of shafts or tubes designed to carry and protect cables or pipes.
A low wall, for example one constructed to support joists under the ground floor.
A legal right to use or cross over land owned by someone else.
The lowest section of a roof, overhanging a supporting wall.
A particularly strong method of building walls by laying bricks together in staggered alternating courses using headers and stretchers.
A protective plate around a keyhole or door handle.
Boards installed to a roof to protect the ends of trusses or rafters and on which gutters are attached.
Ornamental timber section added to the highest point of barge boards or hanging from stair newels on landings.
A flat plate at the end of a pipe or beam, through which a bolted joint can be made.
Waterproof material covering joints between walls and roofs, usually shaped out of lead.
The first coat of thick plaster put on a wall to cover irregularities.
A plate constructed from steel or timber bedded in mortar and designed to withstand heavy loads.
The foundations of a structure.
The 'footprint' of the building refers to those parts within the external walls.
Temporary boards used to keep wet mixtures, such as concrete, in a par- ticular shape until it sets.
A structure built with a strong skeleton frame made of timber or steel, against which a brick outer shell is added..
Triangular upper part of a wall at the end of a ridged roof.
The gable shaped canopy over a door or window or a wall topped with a gable.
Elements include paths, driveways, garden walls and patios. Header. Brick or block laid across a wall to bond together its two sides. It also means the exposed end part of a brick.
The type of cross bracing used between floor joists to increase stiffness.
The sharp edge of a roof from ridge to eaves where the two sides meet.
A roof with sloping ends instead of vertical ones.
The redevelopment of land that has adjacent buildings, for example along a row of terraced houses where one has been demolished or where a gap always existed.
Vertical side post of a window or doorway.
A beam that supports a ceiling or floor.
A fabricated metal slot installed in a wall to keep a joist securely in position.
The kite-shaped tread mostly used where stairs turn a comer.
A supply of potential development plots purchased and retained by builders, which allows them to trade and construct on a continuous basis by moving on to the next plot as completion occurs on the current one.
A document issued by the Land Registry giving details of who owns the land. However, a land certificate should not be accepted as absolute proof of ownership as it may be out of date. 'Office copy entries' are accepted by solicitors to prove ownership.
A plot of land with no independent route providing access onto it and no obvious means of creating one. Examples include surplus areas of an owner's private garden.
A long slender piece of economical timber.
Lath and plaster
Old-fashioned method of plastering a wall or ceiling using slen- der timbers to construct a narrow gauge frame as a base for the wet plaster.
The inner or outer wall of a cavity wall construction.
Land ownership restricted to a number of years and with conditions written in a lease.
Timber boards laid on the ground and used to mark out the widths and position of inner and outer walls and the foundations (setting-out), prior to excavating.
Horizontal section of timber, concrete or metal, installed to the top of a door- way or window opening, designed to support the structure above.
The outline of a dwelling's external shape and form.
The vertical sections of material that divide a window frame into smaller lights.
The main post supporting the end of a balustrade.
A wooden peg.
Short cross-pieces of timber used to brace studs.
The extending front edge of a staircase step.
Office copy entries
Copies of the entries recorded at the Land Registry proving ownership.
The term applies to building a structure that is inconsistent in size, quality and/ or style with other buildings nearby or has excessively filled the lim- ited amount of land space available. Also known as an 'over development'.
A wall shared between two properties, such as is the case with semi-detached houses.
A deep foundation. These are formed by creating a hole deep enough to locate solid sub-soil. The hole is usually filled with concrete and reinforced or a section of solid steel is installed.
Land with a 'residential use class'. The term is used largely by local authority planners and originates from the ink colour used to identify residential development areas on maps and plans.
The angle or slope of a roof or staircase.
Authority granted by the local council for land to be developed or additions made to an existing property, usually with certain conditions attached.
A length of timber or steel placed either on top of a wall to support the roof trusses (a wall plate) or fixed to a floor so that studs or a timber-framed partition can be installed (a floor plate).
Concrete components cast in a factory or on site prior to being placed in their final positions.
Boards of about a meter long used to transfer the plan outline of a building onto the ground. They are held securely in place by timber stakes. Lines are stretched between saw-cuts or marks, so the position of a wall can be fixed.
One of the three parts of a land or charge certificate describing the property and rights associated with it.
Positioned half-way up the slope of a roof, purlins are timber beams installed to support the rafters.
A firm slab, usually made from concrete, designed to spread the weight of a structure on soft ground.
Timbers that form the main part of the roof frame going from the wall plate up to the ridge.
A long slender section of timber marked to identify the position of brick and block courses or any other part of the construction. It is basically a measuring stick.
A process of installing steel rods inside concrete beams to help them withstand stress along their length without collapsing.
Materials that do not come up to the required standard, for example, 'reject engineering brick'.
The fine detail required, following receipt of outline planning permission, that will turn it, in effect, into a detailed planning application. The aspects include design, layout, access, orientation and landscaping of the dwelling.
An interior scheme that reflects the immediate past and uses colours, materials and objects pertinent to that period.
The topmost line of the roof.
Preformed angled tile covering the apex of the roof.
A way of delaying the payment of capital gains tax by reinvesting profit from the sale of one business asset to another.
Boards placed between the rafters and the roof (sometimes called the 'soffit').
A thin level layer of material usually applied to floors.
Section 106 agreement
A binding agreement regarding matters linked to the pro- posed development, made between the council and a developer when planning permission is granted.
A tank constructed or manufactured to accept sewerage when no mains system is available.
The use of profile line-boards to mark a plan on the ground.
Formal completion of the dwelling.
A wall to support the ground floor, usually honeycombed in con- struction to provide ventilation.
When a builder attends the site to resolve outstanding matters after the main construction has been completed.
Considered to be 500 feet above sea level. It is the theoretical altitude at which land is expected to suffer from severe winter conditions.
The underside of an architectural element, for example an arch or the eaves. Soft landscaping. Elements include topsoil, plants, shrubs and trees.
A substantial horizontal section of timber or metal, fixed to the floor slab. Staged loan. The total sum is released in several predetermined stages, as the construction proceeds. Payment is made either prior to a stage being reached (e.g. when foundations are going to be installed) or afterwards.
The standard mortgage available to self-builders where funds are released in various stages (usually between three and seven) as the dwelling is constructed. Some pay sums prior to starting the appropriate stage, to buy mate- rials or pay for labour pertinent to it; others make payment after the stage has been completed. Only a few staged release mâ€¦
A duty payable on certain documents involved in the transfer of land and property ownership. The liability falls on the buyer.
A vertical supporting beam usually made from steel. Stretcher. Brick or block laid lengthways in a wall.
String or stringer
One of the parallel boards supporting the treads.
Concrete filled trenches to support a building.
Structural indemnity insurance
An insurance policy usually required by mortgage lenders that guarantees the dwelling against structural defects for a specified term after completion.
An upright roof timber connected to the rafter above it or sloping to connect another post to the rafter.
The term used when roof verges are capped with stone slabs.
Timbers used in construction, typically for floor joists, which have had tanalith-oxide preservative driven into their cellular structure under pressure.
A garage long enough for two vehicles to park one behind the other.
A sliding-scale allowance for capital gains tax available from April 1998 based on the principle that the longer a property is owned the less tax is payable.
The main horizontal roof beam just above the wall that connects the bases of rafters.
Legal documents proving ownership of a property.
Tree preservation order
Made under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 by the local planning authority to protect trees of importance for amenity, landscape and nature conservation.
Timber planks framed together to bridge a space.
A self-build 'turnkey project' is one that is entirely managed on your behalf by an individual or a company (such as an architect or builder), with your own involvement limited to providing funds and design guidelines.
The installation of strong foundations underneath primary foundations when the latter have failed or have been found to be inadequate to support the structure above.
A type of stable plastic used in the manufacture of double-glazed window frames, doors and cladding.
The designation of land use by the local authority, for example as 'resi- dential'. The 'use class' determines how specific plots of land can be developed, if at all.
The person selling land or property.
The edge of a roof at the gable.
A galvanised metal tie used to bond the inner and outer walls of a cavity wall together.
Triangular stair treads sometimes used when a staircase turns a comer.
The annual return on property investment expressed as a percentage..
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