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ClacksWeb - Development Plan Glossary
Category: Architecture and Buildings > Development Plan
Date & country: 03/12/2007, UK
Words: 76


Affordable Housing
Housing made available at a cost below full market value, to meet an identified need. Includes social rented housing, some private sector rented accommodation, shared ownership housing and subsidised housing for sale. Rental levels will normally fall within the same ranges as Local Housing and Housing Association accommodation. In Clackmannanshire, and where housing is for sale will not normally exceed £40,000 in price.

Aftercare
The work required to ensure that a mineral or landfill site is restored to a beneficial afteruse and that future environmental problems do not arise on the site.

Ancient Monument
A monument or site of archaeological importance which is in the guardianship of the Scottish Ministers or has been scheduled by them as being of archaeological importance under the terms of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Annual Housing Land Audit
The annual appraisal of the mid-year established supply of land for housing which concentrates on agreeing the first five years effective supply. Discussions are based upon the housing land returns and the results of the annual developers` intentions survey and take place between representatives of the house builders, Homes for Scotland, Communities Scotland, and Clackmannanshire Council.

Area Waste Plan (AWP)
The National Waste Plan requires groupings known as Waste Strategy Areas (comprising local authorities, SEPA, Scottish Water and others) to produce Area Waste Plans for their areas. The Area Waste Plan should set out a strategy for delivering the policies and targets of the National Waste Strategy and underlying European Directives on Waste and Landfill. Local Plans shall reflect the policy approaches adopted in the Area Waste Plan.

Article 4 Direction
An Order which has been approved by the Scottish Ministers which requires that works which would normally be exempt from the need to obtain express planning permission (i.e. “permitted development�) must obtain formal consent. The Order is made under Article 4 of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Scotland) Order 1992.

Biodiversity
Derived from the term “biological diversity�. The variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part.

Brownfield Land
Land which has previously been developed. The term may encompass vacant or derelict land, infill sites, land occupied by redundant or unused buildings, and developed land within the settlement boundary where further intensification of use is considered acceptable.

Buildings At Risk register
This service is administered by the Scottish Civic Trust on behalf of Historic Scotland. The Register is a source of information for prospective parties interested in buying or leasing historic buildings, which are threatened.

Communities Scotland
New government executive agency, established in 2001 and combining the former Scottish Homes with the Scottish Executive`s former Area Regeneration Division. The agency is charged with improving the physical fabric of neighbourhoods, enhancing quality of life in disadvantaged communities, and overseeing housing management, factoring and homelessness functions of all local authorities in Scotland, as well as those of registered social landlords.

Conservation Area
Areas designated by planning authorities for their special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Cumulative Impact
Combined effect of more than one development within a single locality.

Demand
The market expression of the desire for housing. It is a compound of needs and aspirations and can be satisfied either by existing housing or by new housing requiring additional land provision.

Designed Landscape
A designed area of landscape which is identified in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes (jointly compiled by Scottish Natural Heritage and Historic Scotland). There are presently no such designated sites in Clackmannanshire.

Development Plan
Comprises the Structure Plan and relevant Local Plan (in this case the Clackmannanshire and Stirling Structure Plan and the Clackmannanshire Local Plan).

Edge of Centre
A location within easy walking distance of the town centre, and usually adjacent to the town centre, and providing parking facilities that serve the town centre as well as the store, thus enabling one trip to serve several purposes.

Effective Housing Land Supply
The part of the established housing land supply which is free or expected to be free of development constraints in the 5 year period under consideration, and will therefore be available for the construction of housing.

Essential Shopping
Food and regular everyday goods, also referred to as “convenience goods�.

Established Housing Land Supply
This comprises sites under construction, sites with planning consent, sites in adopted local plans and where appropriate other buildings and land with agreed potential for housing development.

European Structural Funds
The European Structural Funds are the main financial instruments that the European Union uses to help reduce disparities and support social and economic cohesion across Europe.

Five Year Land Supply
Refers to the need to provide sufficient provision for a minimum 5 year effective land supply for housing, in accordance with Government guidance. (refer to Effective Housing Land Supply above)

Green Belt
A defined area within which those criteria set out in paragraph 1.54 of this Plan apply. The overall aim is to maintain the rural character of these areas and therefore a strong presumption against development applies.

Green Transport Plan
Plan by public authorities, businesses or other organisations which defines the steps being taken to ensure that specified levels of travel by employees and customers are made by walking, cycling, bus and rail.

Greenfield Sites
These are sites which have never been previously developed or used for an urban use, or are on land that has been brought into active or beneficial use for agriculture or forestry i.e. fully restored derelict land.

Hazardous Waste (or Special waste)
Specified wastes which are classified as requiring special treatment under the Special Waste Regulations 1996. These include explosive, toxic, carcinogenic and highly flammable wastes and waste prescription-only medicines. These types of waste are tracked using a system of consignment notes.

Homes for Scotland
Represents the interests of the house builders in planning matters. Formerly the Scottish House Builders Association (SHBA).

Household Shopping
Furniture, carpets, furnishings, DIY, large electrical appliances etc.

Housing Association
A non-profit making organisation committed to meeting specific housing needs.

Housing Market Area
A geographical area which is relatively self-contained in terms of housing demand; i.e. a large percentage of people moving house or settling in the area will have sought a dwelling only in that area.

Housing Plan
Housing policies and programmes for 1997-2002 prepared by the Council and forming the basis for consideration by the Scottish Executive as a basis for budgetary provision. The Housing Plan will be superseded by the new Local Housing Strategy, introduced by the Housing (Scotland) Act 2001.

Indicative Forestry Strategy
Aims to guide the location and character of new forestry. Inert waste Waste which does not significantly decompose or rot when deposited in landfill.

Infrastructure
Water supply and sewerage facilities, roads and transportation, local community, shopping and other facilities required as framework for development.

Landfill
The deposit of waste on or into land in a controlled way.

Local Agenda 21 (LA21)
The Rio Declaration (Agenda 21) was agreed at the Earth Summit in 1992. Agenda 21 seeks to ensure an improvement in the quality of our lives today without compromising the ability of future generations to improve theirs. Local Councils are responsible for taking forward the Agenda at the local level and involve local communities in their preparation, known as Local Agenda 21.

Local Air Quality Strategy
Part IV of the Environment Act 1995 requires local authorities to develop a local air quality strategy to review and assess local air quality against standards set out in the National Air Quality Strategy.

Local Nature Reserve (LNR)
The National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 gives local planning authorities the power to acquire, declare and manage local nature reserves. These are areas of land protected for their local special natural interest and/or educational value. In Clackmannanshire, one LNR has been designated at Gartmorn Dam, Sauchie.

Local Plan
A detailed land-use planning document prepared by planning authorities setting out site specific policies and proposals in accordance with the Structure Plan.

Local Transport Strategy (LTS)
A detailed transport strategy, prepared by the Council, which outlines transport policies and proposals for the next 15 years. Forms the basis for funding bids to the Scottish Executive.

Mitigation
Measures which can be taken to ameliorate the effects of development such that they are environmentally acceptable, particularly in the case of larger scale projects which are potentially intrusive such as mineral, landfill or infrastructure development. Mitigation may take the form of visual measures, such as bunding or planting, noise attenuation and other measures.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
Waste which is collected by local authorities. This is mainly composed of household waste but also includes waste from civic amenity sites, street sweepings, local authority collected commercial and industrial waste, etc.

National Cycle Network (NCN)
A designated network of routes for cyclists and pedestrians totalling around 6,500 miles across the UK.

National Waste Strategy (NWS)
Strategy prepared by SEPA in 1999 and adopted as the national strategy for waste by the Scottish Executive. The Strategy places an emphasis on the reduction and management of waste and forms the framework for Area Waste Plans.

Non-inert waste
Wastes which do decompose or rot when deposited in landfill (including most household wastes).

Opencast Coal
Extraction of coal by surface as opposed to deep mining (underground) methods. This is now the only type of coal extraction in existence in Scotland and as such is commercially important. Commercial viability is dependent upon a number of factors including location, seam quality, shallowness of the coal deposit and hydrology. Environmental impacts can be significant and wide-ranging, including noise, dust and visual impact.

Out of Centre
A location which is clearly separate from a town centre but within the urban area, including programmed extensions to the urban area in approved or adopted development plans. Normally used in the context of leisure or retail development.

Particular Needs Housing
Housing for particular groups of the population which is designed or adapted to meet their needs and/or has additional management support. Includes housing for elderly people, those with disabilities, learning difficulties, mental health problems, travellers, abused women, ex-offenders, HIV/AIDS sufferers, young people leaving care and homeless people.

Permitted Development
Type of development set out in the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Scotland) Order 1992 which do not require express planning permission.

Personal Shopping
Clothes, footwear, fashion, cosmetics, books, CDs, leisure, etc.

Planning Advice Note (PAN)
Issued by the Scottish Executive and provide advice on good practice and other relevant information.

Planning Authority
The authority with statutory responsibility for implementing the Planning legislation. In this area, Clackmannanshire Council.

Planning Condition
Planning permission may be conditional upon certain works or undertakings being carried out by the developer. These requirements are attached to the planning permission.

Precautionary Principle
This principle states that if the impacts on the environment from a policy or project are significant or not fully understood, there should be measures put in place to prevent environmental detriment. In some cases, this may mean that the policy or project should not go ahead.

Prime Agricultural Land
Agricultural land which is capable of producing the widest variety of crops (capability classes 1, 2 and 3.1) as defined by the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute.

Proximity Principle
The proximity principle concerns the establishment of an adequate network of treatment and disposal installations to handle waste arising as close as possible to the point of production, or to source minerals as close as possible to their point of use.

RAMSAR Site
Wetland site listed under the convention of wetlands of international importance (The Ramsar Convention), named for Ramsar in Iran where the convention was established. Retail Impact Assessment (RIA) A form of appraisal and forecasting to evaluate the effect of a proposed development on the vitality and viability of town centres.

Renewable Energy
An energy resource that is replaced rapidly by natural processes and is inexhaustible. Prime examples are wind energy, solar energy and hydro-electricity.

Scottish Planning Policy (SPP)
Issued by the Scottish Executive and provide statements of Government policy on nationally important land use and other planning matters, supported where appropriate by a locational framework.

Section 75
Legal agreement regulating the future use of the land made under section 75 of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997. Such agreements are recorded in the Land Register and are legally binding on future owners of the land.

Sequential Approach
This approach is adopted when selecting sites for new retail and commercial leisure developments, other key town centre uses and housing. First preference should be for town centre sites, where sites or buildings suitable for conversion are available, followed by edge of centre sites, and only then by edge of centre sites that are, or can be made, easily accessible by a choice of means of transport.

Social Housing Providers
Communities Scotland, housing associations, the Councils or other Registered Social Landlords.

Social Inclusion
Key strategic aim for both Councils, acting corporately and with others, to promote equality of opportunity and access to all that society has to offer that is beneficial.

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)
SACs are designated by the Scottish Executive under the EU Habitats Directive. They are intended to ensure that rare, endangered and vulnerable habitats and species of Community interest are either maintained at, or restored to, a favourable conservation status.

Special Protection Areas (SPA)
These are classified by the Scottish Executive under the EU Conservation and Wild Birds Directive 79/409/EEC. Proposed SPAs are identified by Scottish Natural Heritage for the purpose of protecting habitats of rare, threatened or migratory bird species.

Sport Scotland
Government executive agency with responsibility for sports development and provision.

Structure Plan
Sets out the strategic land use policy framework over a wide area and is prepared by Unitary Councils, often jointly, as is the case with Clackmannanshire and Stirling. Consists of a written statement and key diagram.

Supermarket
A self service store selling predominantly food, possibly with a proportion of non-food goods, with a trading area of between 500 and 2,500 square metres of floor space and often with dedicated car parking.

Superstore
A self service store selling predominantly food, possibly with a proportion of non-food goods, usually with at least 2,500 square metres of trading floor space with dedicated car parking.

Sustainability Indicators
These are measures of how the environment is changing. By measuring changes in our environment, we can obtain information about whether it is moving toward sustainable development and can change policies accordingly.

Sustainable Development
Various definitions of sustainable development have been suggested by various sources. That most often used is the “Brundtland Definition�: enabling development that meets today`s needs without prejudicing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Broadly, it is the principle of stewardship and responsibility in the use and management of resources and achieving a balance between economic growth and technological developments and environmental considerations.

Town Centre
Those areas which are identified as such on the proposals maps in this plan.

Townscape
Character and appearance of spaces and buildings in an identified area of a town.

Transport Assessment (TA)
An appraisal of the likely traffic generation impacts resulting from new development, taking into account the measures which are required to improve road safety and promote walking, cycling and the use of public transport.

Tree Preservation Order (TPO)
An order made to protect the amenity value of an individual tree or groups of trees.

Use Classes Order (UCO)
The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) (Scotland) Order 1997 (as amended) groups land uses into various categories called “land uses�. Changing the use of land or premises to another use in the same class does not normally require planning permission. While changes between use classes do normally require planning permission, the General Permitted Development Order does specify some changes between classes which can be made without the need for planning permission.

Waste Transfer Station
A facility to which waste is taken for onward transfer for treatment, recycling or landfill elsewhere.

Windfall Sites
Sites including conversions which are not included as part of the housing land supply at the base date of the Plan but which subsequently become available for appropriate housing development, other than through the Local Plan allocation process.