Copy of `Find a local builder - Building glossary`
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Find a local builder - Building glossary
Category: Architecture and Buildings
Date & country: 03/12/2007, UK
A valuation of a building undertaken by an expert
A trim board, installed under a window sill
A horizontal support which carries the weight of a building load
A partition in a building which supports its own weight and that of a vertical load
A wall which supports its own weight and that of any vertical load
Bill of quantities
A list of the items with a cost value that will be required in the construction of a building
Often used for architectural drawings of proposed buildings, a blue print is a copy of the planned building structure. This term usually describes the architect`s drawing and is used for a variety of necessary activities including securing permits etc.
A substance which is used to bond two different parts or objects together
Specific standards established and approved by the British Standards Institute as regards the performance of products or methods
Legislation detailing the methods and requirements for the construction of buildings, taking into account health and safety issues.
An overhang. Where one floor juts out over a foundation wall. Normally, not projecting over 2 feet
A type of construction in which the interior wall finish is applied in a dry condition, generally in the form of sheet materials or wood panelling
Damp Proof Course
Any course of impermeable material - usually made from plastic or bitumen
Any building work carried out wholly or partly below ground level and whose only purpose is to adjust for sloping ground under the building
Used on a tripod this instrument takes comparative levels of ground or parts of buildings
The horizontal exterior roof overhang at the lower edge of a roof
A rough evaluation of the amount of labour, materials, and other costs that a building contractor anticipates for the building project
This building term refers to material used in building construction to provide the building with protection from water seepage
The supporting portion of a structure below the first floor construction
These costs refer to the costs incurred in transporting goods or labour to the building site. Handling costs are often quoted on the invoice as a part of costs incurred.
The distance a slate overlaps the next lower slate or tile
Any beams set parallel from wall to wall or across girders which support a floor or ceiling
Used to support the end of a floor joist a joist hanger is made of metal and 'U' shaped.
A mixture of cement with sand and water used in masonry work
A wall which just supports its own weight
This form of legislation governs the types and locations of building development
A soft mixture of lime or sand, gypsum and water which hardens to a smooth solid and is used for smoothing over ceilings and walls
The external vertical corner of a wall at a window, doorway or corner of a building, which must be built accurately vertical
An estimate of the cost of the labour and goods involved in a building contractor carrying out building work
a 6â€? wooden pole which has a steel point at one end which is used as a temporary marker the agreed, or offered, cost of providing a unit of an item (i.e. an hour`s labour)
A wall designed to hold back, or â€˜retain`, higher level ground behind it
Schedule of Materials
A list of all materials required for a project or job
The area beneath the eaves. The underside of a structural component, such as a cornice
A labourer or business which is contracted out by the main building contractor. The main contractor will then pay for any work undertaken by the sub-contractor.