Copy of `Go Sail - Sailing terms`

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Go Sail - Sailing terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Sailing
Date & country: 25/11/2007, UK
Words: 176

To leeward, toward the opposite to the source of the wind side of a boat.

Toward the stern of a boat, but outside the boat

Direction at right angles to the centreline of a boat.

Floating without any means of propulsion, and without mooring.

Toward the stern of a boat.

When a boat is stranded on the shore, or on the bottom of the body of water, it is said to have run aground.

All standing
To have all sails flying when running before the wind.

Overhead, above deck level

In the middle of the boat

Any type of hook or weight used to grip the bottom and attached by a cable prevent the boats drifting. There are different types of anchors.

Apparent wind
The combination of the true wind and the wind caused by the boat's own speed. This is the wind felt on the boat, as well as the one shown by the telltales.

To be on or to go to the shore.

Aspect ratio
Concerns sails - the ratio of height to the length. A narrow but tall sail has a high aspect ratio, and a wide but shorter sail has a low aspect ratio.

Behind the boat

At right angles to the centerline of the boat.

A device - may be electronic or mechanical - used for keeping the boat on course without having to steer it. It uses a compass, and is attached to the boat's steering mechanism.

Auxiliary-Auxiliary power
An engine that is permanently installed on the boat. Unfortunately it has to be used sometimes to power the boat. The engine is also usually used to recharge the batteries.

Back a sail
To hold a sail in such a way, that the wind will fill it from the opposite to usual side. This maneuver is used to slow down the boat (as if applying brakes), or to force a boat to tack when in irons.

Backing wind
A change in wind direction running counterclockwise, as in from west to southwest.

A rigging wire used to keep the mast from moving forward, as well as to vary the amount of bend in the mast. A permanent backstay goes to the transom. Running backstays go to each gunwhale.

If your sails are filled with the wind on the opposite side to what you want (for example, if they are trimmed for the starboard tack, but you get the wind from the port side), you are said to be backwinded.

To get rid of water accumulated in the boat. Dinghies are often fitted with self bailers which, when opened, drained water out of the boat.

A very heavy material, such as lead or iron, placed in the keel of the boat, or in the bilge. It is used to provide stability. In sailing dinghies the crew uses their weight as ballast.

Bare poles
In a very strong wind it is possible to be propelled by the force of the wind on only the mast and the boom. To sail in such a way is called 'bare poles'.

Thin strips of wood or plastic inserted into batten pockets used to stiffen the leech (to preserve the shape of the sail).

The widest part of a boat.

The direction an object from teh viewer (based on the compass heading).

Lower part of a hull.

A device containing at least one sheave (pulley wheel) for altering the directiuon of a rope or to provide a purchase.

Brace from the end of a bowspirit to the lower point of the stern.

Strong point for securing a rope. This may be ashore or on another vessel.

A reinforcing rope along the luff or the foot of the sail, it is slid into a slot along the edge of a spar (mast, boom).

A spar (a wooden or metal pole) attached to the mast at a right angle, used to support the foot of a sail.

The front end of a boat.

A spar that's attached to the bow of a boat, along the centerline of the boat. The forestay can be attached to it - thus allowing for a greater sail area.

Broad Reach
Sailing with the wind slightly aft of the beam.

Upright partition across the boat.

Any object floating as a marker and anchored to the bottom. It may be used as a naviagtional aid, a means of mooring or as an indicator of a racing course.

Force which enables anything to float. Many boats have built in buoyancy tanks in case of the hull being holed or the boats capsizing.

Buoyancy Aid
Safety garment to keeps its wearer afloat but (in Britain) one without the qualities that permit it to be called a lifejacket.

Small flag often at the mast head which is often used to indicate wind direction.

A twin hulled craft

A pivoting board that prevents the boat from sliding sideways.

The center of the boat: from the stern to the bow.

A nautically specialized map.

The angle between the side and bottom of a boat.

A fitting for securing a line. It can be wooden, metal or nylon.

An aft corner of a triangular sail.

Close Hauled
Sailing as close as possible to the wind

The rear boat area from where the crew operates the boat. Also refers to the area below decks.

People who operate a boat. The crew in a two man sailing dinghy usually refers to the person operating the jib sail /spinaker.

Rope loop or eye formed in sail or net.

Shelter on a boat not large enough to be a cabin.

Lifting keel that moves up and down through its case or trunk instead of pivoting like a centreboard. A Mirror dinghy uses a daggerboard arrangement.

Weight of water a craft displaces when afloat.

Depth a hull is immersed, from the surface of the water to the lowest point of the hull, keel or other extension.

Let out

Stream due to the dropping or falling of the tide.

A flag indicating nationality of the vessel.

Fair Wind
Following wind before which the boat runs.

A piece of hardware or equipment (such as a block) used for leading the jib sheets from the deck to the cockpit. They are located astern of the beam, on each side of the boat.

Fall Off
Turn away fomr the wind when sailing.

Protective pad fitten around a boat, but sometimes applied to hanging pads.

An attachment on the forestay, comprising a groove into which the luff of the jib can be fed.

The bottom edge of the sail - the one attached to the boom.

To, at or near the front of the boat.

A foresail is the sail (such as a jib) located immediately in front of the main mast. It is attached to the forestay.

Sometimes called a jibstay, or a headstay. A cable supporting the mast, running from the bow to the top of the mast.

Roll up a sail.

A spar in a gaff rig (four sided sails) to which the top side of the sailed is attached.

The lowest part of a hull next to the keel. The planks each side of the keel are the 'garboard strakes'.

Large jib sail with considerable overlap on the mainsail.

Give-way vessel
A boat that has to stay clear of the right-of-way, or stand-on boat.

Go About
Change tack to bring wind to the other side.

Goose Winging
Sailing before the wind with the jib held out to the opposite side of the mailsail.

Universal joint fitting that links the end of the boom to the mast.

Part of a rudder hinge witha hole to take the pintle.

Top side of a boat.

Change direction with the wind aft so that the sails are blown across the boat.

A line used to raise things on a boat, for example 'the main halyard' is the line used to raise the mainsail. It is a part of running rigging.

A snap - plastic or stainless steel - attached to the luff of the jib, used to attach the jib to the forestay.

Harden A Sheet
Haul it in.

A small opening with a 'door' on deck, allowing entry under the deck.

The top part of a triangular sail. OR A toilet in a cruiser boat.

Wood or metal plate fixed in the head of a sail.

Heave to
Adjust sails and rudder so boat is stopped safely.

Tiller or other steering gear.

The body of a boat

In irons
All way lost when attempting to tack. The boat is pointing into the wind with the sails flapping, but it will not pay off on to either tack by its own momentum and is temporarily out of control.

Within the boat.

The horns on the end of a gaff to fit on each side of the mast.

The front sail.

The line used to pull the jib in or let it out.

A weighted extension of a boat running below it that prevents the boat from sliding sideways.

Kicking Strap
Light tackle angled from the boom to a lower part of the mast or some point on the floor of the boat. Used to tension the boom. Also known as the boom vang.

Sometimes used to indicate spinnaker.

A nautical term for speed: one nautical mile per hour. Also a term indicating a method of tying a line.

Thin line holding gear in place. The lashing on the end of a shroud.

To tie something using a light rope.

Lee shore
Shore on which the wind is blowing from seawards.