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Woodland Herbs - Complementary medicine terms
Category: Health and Medicine > Complementary medicine
Date & country: 23/11/2007, UK
Words: 85


Aqueous coating
a natural water and vegetable cellulose coating which can be used as a coating to enhance tablet disintegration and dissolution

Ascorbic acid
The chemical name for vitamin c

Barrier cream
cream that provides a protective coating when applied to the skin eg. hands and face

Beeswax
A natural emulsifier and thickener

Beta Carotene
An abundant source of Vitamin A with rich anti-oxidant properties. It is necessary for tissue repair and maintenance and accelerates the formation of healthy new skin cells. Vitamin A deters excess dryness

Bisobolol
main active ingredient in chamomile which has excellent skin healing properties

Capricin
A caprylic acid formulation that facilitates absorption of calcium and magnesium

Caramel
Coloring agent derived from liquid corn syrup

Carcinogens
substances that bring about a malignant change in body cells

Carmine
Natural red pigment obtained from cochineal

Castor Oil
A superb conditioner that has been proven to strengthen the hair shaft

Cetyl Alcohol
Derived from coconut and palm oils. This is not a drying alcohol. Used as an emollient and to protect skin from moisture loss

Chlorophyll
stored energy of the sun. Green colouring matter of plants

Cholagogues
A group of agents which increases the secretion of bile and its expulsion from the gall bladder

Choleretic
An agent which reduces cholesterol levels by excreting cholesterol

Citric Acid
Derived from citrus fruit . A natural preservative that helps to adjust the pH of cosmetic products

Clay
Deep-cleansing and highly absorbent. Bentonite and green clay are two types of natural clay

Coumarins
Powerful anti-coagulant plant chemicals. Used to prevent blood clotting

Counter-irritant
An agent which produces vaso-dilation of peripheral blood vessels by stimulating nerve-endings of the skin to generate irritation intended to relieve deep-seated pain

Cramp
Sustained contraction of a muscle.

Decongestant
Herb which is used to loosen mucus within bronchi and lungs

Depurative
Blood purifier. Alterative

Diaphoretics
Herbs that induce increased perspiration.

Diuretics
Agents that increase the flow of urine from the kidneys and so excrete excess fluid from the body

Eliminative
A herb to disperse and promote excretion from the body

Emetic
A herb to induce vomiting. Given to expel poisons

Emmenagogues
Plant substances which initiate and promote the menstrual flow

Emollient
Any substance that prevents water loss from the skin. Most natural oils perform this function

Emulsifier
A substance that holds oil in water or water in oil. They are necessary in the manufacture of cream and lotions

Emulsion
A mixture of two incompatible substances. Most creams on the cosmetic market are emulsions

Enuresis
Bed wetting

Essential Fatty Acids
A fatty acid that must be supplied in the diet as the body cannot produce it itself

Expectorants
Herbs that increase bronchial mucous secretion by promoting liquefaction of sticky mucous and its expulsion from the body.

Febrifuge
Anti-fever

Flavanoids
natural chemicals that prevent the deposit of fatty material in blood vessels

Flaxseed Oil
Rich source of omega 3 essential fatty acids. (Also known as Linseed Oil)

Fructose
A natural sugar found in honey and fruits

Galactagogue
herb to increase flow of breast milk in nursing mothers

Grain Alcohol
A natural solvent that evaporates easily

Green Tea Extract
Works towards lightening the skin by actively slowing the transport of melanin to the skin's surface. Has well known antioxidant qualities

Guar Gum
A fibre derived from the guar plant and used as a binder in tablet manufacturing.

Haemostatics
agents that arrest bleeding

Hepatic
a herb that assists the liver in its function and promotes the flow of bile

Histamine
A chemical released via the body's immune system in response to allergens

Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil
Source of essential fatty acids

Infusion
The liquid resulting from making a herbal tea

Iron Oxides
Natural mineral derived colour pigments.

Kaolin
Clay used to absorb oils.

Laxative
agent used for persistant constipation to help expel faecal matter from the bowel

Lymph
a straw coloured fluid which circulates many tissues of the body and serves to lubricate and cleanse them.

Mannitol
A natural sugar substitute derived from the manna plant and seaweed

Menthol
Nature constituent of peppermint oil. Used for its antiseptic properties

Metabolism
the reactions involved in the building up and decomposition of chemical substances in living organisms

Metrorrhagia
bleeding from the womb between periods

Mineral Salts
Used for colour pigments in our temporary hair colour

Mucilage
a slimy product formed by the addition of gum to water. Used internally and externally to soothe irritated and inflamed membranes and surfaces

Mucolytics
agents that disperse or dissolve mucus.

Natural glycerine
used to stabilise and disperse liquid nutrients inside a capsule. A clear colourless syrupy liquid with a sweet taste derived from natural fats and oil

Orexigenic
a herb which increases or stimulates the appetite

Oxytocic
a herb which hastens the process of childbirth by initiating contraction of the uterine muscle.

Peripheral
refers to the outermost parts of the body

Prostaglandins
hormone like messengers in the body responsible for the control of important body functions

Proteinuria
presence of albumin in the urine

Pruritus
itching

Purgative
an agent that encourages evacuation of matter from the bowel.

Reflux
a backward flow of food to the mouth from the gullet or stomach

Refrigerant
a cooling preparation taken orally or applied externally

Saponins
constituents of some plants that produce a soap like frothing effect when agitated in water

Seasalt Minerals
Thickener and disinfectant in shampoos

Sedatives
herbs that relax the central nervous system

Sesame Oil
Rich emollient properties and provides natural sun protection

Sialagogue
herbs that increase production of saliva and assist digestion of starches

Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Used as a naturally derived surfactant from coconut oil to make hair care and bath care products foam

Spasmolytic
another name for anti-spasmodic

Styptic
a substance that stops bleeding usually by contracting the tissue

Sudorifics
similar to diaphoretics but are used to stimulate more profuse abundant sweating

Systemic
referring to the whole of the body.

Tannins
present in tea and coffee and many herbs. Coagulate protein and inhibit the laying down of fatty deposits. Astringent.

Urinary haemostatics
urinary astringents that arrest bleeding from the kidneys.

Vasoconstrictors
agents that constrict blood vessels causing an increase in blood pressure

Vasodilators
herbs that promote dilation of the blood vessels causing a reduction of blood pressure

Vegetable cellulose
Substance derived from various plant fibres and used as a filler and disintegrant in the production of tablets

Vermifuge
a substance that expels or destroys intestinal worms

Vesicant
a blistering agent

Zinc Oxide
A non-chemical natural sun block.