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Lycos Tripod - hosting glossary
Category: Technical and IT > Computers and internet
Date & country: 26/10/2007, UK
Words: 162


Acrobat Reader
Plug-in from Adobe. It reads documents in PDF format on any platform.

AIFF or AIF
Audio file formats on the Macintosh platform.

Alias
A generic name used to identify a mail account.

Animated GIF
A small animation based on successively displayed GIF images.

Anonymous FTP
Public file servers that can be accessed by means of anonymous login and using an email address as the password.

Apache
The most widely available HTTP server on the Internet. It supports the PERL and PHP languages.

Attribute
The properties of a HTML tag.

AU
A sound file format on Sun systems.

Audience Measurement Mark
A mark placed on your pages by an online service offering audience measurement. The mark can be invisible or display the service supplier's logo.

AVI
A sound and video file format on Windows systems.

Background
The colours or images used as the background of a Web page.

Bitmap Image
A pixel-based image (.BMP). Its quality decreases when the image is enlarged.

Border
The boundary of a HTML element. The thickness of a border is expressed in pixels.

Browser
A program used to navigate Internet sites.

Case
Character property distinguishing uppercase from lowercase letters.

Cell Padding
The amount of space between edges of a table cell and the cell content.

CGI
Common Gateway Interface. The server-side program or script used to process the data entered in a fill-in form.

CGI Script
Often combined with a fill-in form to collect and process the data entered by the user.

Check Boxes
Elements used in a form enabling the user to select several replies to one question.

Client
A computer or an application that calls on a server's services.

Clipart
A ready-to-use graphic file.

ColdFusion
Online database management system from Macromedia.

Colour Code
Hexadecimal value of colours used in a HTML page.

Colour Palette
The set of colours included in an image.

Cookies
Text files downloaded onto a visitor's computer hard drive to store the visitor's actions in order to better customise their following visits.

Counter
Free Web service used to count the number of visits per page and/or per site.

CuteFTP
One of the most widely-used FTP clients.

DBMS
Database Management System.

DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A TCP/IP protocol that dynamically assigns an IP address to a computer.

Digital Camera
A camera equipped with an electronic photosensitive sensor. The digital pictures are stored directly in the camera's memory and can be used immediately on a computer.

DNS
Domain Name Server. The local server (in a company) or remote server (at your provider) that resolves domain names in IP addresses.

Domain Name
A series of words separated by dots (e.g.: microsoft.com) identifying an IP address.

Drag and Drop
Moving an element from one location to another by dragging it with the mouse.

Dreamweaver
Powerful WYSIWYG authoring software from Macromedia enabling easy creation of sites containing graphics and multimedia elements. It is one of the best programs for creating JavaScript and DHTML animations.

Drop-Down List
A list of options from which the user can select one.

DTD
Document Type Definition. A document that describes the structure of a Web page written in XML.

E-Zine
An online magazine maintained by a private person.

Ethernet
Local network generally offering a throughput of 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps

Events
Actions in programs that are triggeredto call a function or start an operation.

FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions. A list of the most frequently asked questions along with their respective answers.

Firewall
A server whose role is to protect a private site connected to the Internet from unauthorized access.

Flash
Software from Macromedia for creating small vector animations played back on the Web. A user's browser needs the Flash Player plug-in in order to interpret Flash animations.

Font
Character set from a font family.

Forum
A site offering that allows visitors to post and read messages. Ideal for livening up a site and interacting with visitors.

FPS
Frames Per Second. Measures the speed of an animation.

Frame
Part of a window that displays self-contained information. Its content can be changed without affecting the other window frames.

Frame
Frames enable the division of a browser window into independent areas. Each frame can display content in a self-contained page. It is a useful feature for separating browsing menus from contents. Also a HTML tag.

FrontPage Express
Smaller free version of FrontPage integrated with Microsoft Internet Explorer.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol. Protocol for transferring files on the Internet.

FTP Server
A machine or software for storing and forwarding data files.

GoldWave
Software for digitising and editing sound files on a PC.

Guest Book
A method of collecting feedback from visitors.

Hit
A unit of measurement for quantifying traffic to a site.

Host
A remote machine whose contents can be accessed via the TCP/IP network.

HTML Editor
Software that simplifies the creation of HTML Web pages.

HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol. Standard protocol for transmitting Web pages on the Internet.

HTTPS
HTTP Over SSL. Protocol enabling the secured transmission of Web pages.

Hypertext
System for browsing the Web through the use of links implemented in displayed pages.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. The organisation in charge of world-wide domain and commercial names management on the Internet.

Illustrator
Vector drawing software from Adobe.

Image Map
Enables the definition of hypertext links based on sections of an image.

IP
Internet Protocol. The protocol that handles the delivery of packets on TCP/IP networks.

IP (Internet Protocol) Address
Every computer on the Internet is identified by a numeric address (for example: 188.147.6.90). Each IP address has a corresponding DNS address (for example: www.xyz.com).

IP Packet
Data packet forwarded on a TCP/IP network.

Java Console
The window to which the standard output from an applet is directed.

JavaScript
Scripting language that complements HTML.

Keyframe
This denotes a change in an animation process.

Keyframing
A technique used in animations to enable the definition of transition scenes between beginning and end sequences.

Keyword
A word entered by a visitor in a search engine/directory to locate information or a site.

Link
Hypertext link.

List-Box
Drop-down list.

ListServ
One of the most widely used newsletter servers.

Live Cam
A Webcam that continuously broadcasts live on Internet.

Log
A journal file that reports connections to a server.

Login
Identification supplied by users to access a server.

MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface. A format for sound data.

Mirror
An exact replica of a main site provided to users to improve accessibility.

Mouseover
Synonymous with rollOver.

MP3
MPEG1 Audio Layer 3. Audio file compression format with CD quality. A standard on the Internet.

MP3 Encoder
Software that converts Wave or AIFF sound files into MP3 format.

MPEG
Motion Picture Experts Groups. A set of norms for online broadcasting and compression of digital video and audio.

MusicMatch JukeBox
One of the most popular MP3 encoders on the Web.

Netiquette
Unofficial rules defining proper behaviour on Internet.

Netmeeting
Videoconferencing software from Microsoft.

Netscape Composer
A free WYSIWYG HTML editor included in Netscape Communicator. Its limited functions would suit only novice users.

Newsletter
An informative letter mailed to subscribers.

NFS
Network File System. Standard for accessing files on a remote computer appearing as a local volume.

Notepad
A text editor supplied with Windows. It is sometimes used to type in HTML code.

OCR
Optical Character Recognition. Technology used to identify characters in a digitised document.

Offline Browser
Software used to save all or part of a Web site onto a user's hard drive.

OLE
Object Linking and Embedding. Microsoft technology that enables the creation of documents by incorporating elements created using different kinds of software.

OpenType
Microsoft font types support technology.

PageMill
A WYSIWYG HTML editor from Adobe.

Path
The location of a file or a page in the file system of a remote server.

Pay-per-Click
Each click on a link or a banner generates a commission for the webmaster.

PCT
Graphic file format on Macintosh.

PDF
Portable Document Format. A format from Adobe that enables a document to be distributed on different systems while preserving the layout (.pdf).

PERL
Practical Extraction and Report Language. A scripting language for developing CGI programs.

PHP
Personal Home Page. Advanced scripting language for site design.

PICS
Platform for Internet Content Selection. Specification from the W3C to define the content of your site for your visitors by associating labels (metadata).