The physiological process undergone by salmonid (salmon and trout) fish to allow them to migrate from freshwater to seawater as part of their lifecycle.
Found on http://www.fishonline.org/glossary
<marine biology> Suite of physiological, morphological, biochemical and behavioural changes, including development of the silvery colour of adults and a tolerance for seawater, that take place in salmonid parr as they prepare to migrate downstream and enter the sea. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...
Found on http://www.mondofacto.com/facts/dictionary?smoltification
Refers to the physiological changes anadromous salmonids and trout undergo in freshwater while migrating toward saltwater that allow them to live in the ocean.
Found on http://www.streamnet.org/glossary.html
a complex developmental transformation, involving physiological, biochemical, morphological, and behavioral changes, that allows young salmon (parr) to transition from living in freshwater to living in saltwater
Found on http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/glossary.htm
Smoltification (also known as Parr-Smolt transformation) is the series of physiological changes where juvenile salmonid fish adapt from living in fresh water to living in seawater. Physiological changes during smoltification include altered body shape, increased skin reflectance (silvery colouration), and increased Na+/K+-ATPase in the gills. A nu
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoltification
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