[n] - the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state
Found op http://www.webdictionary.co.uk/definition.php?query=caliph
Title of civic and religious heads of the world of Islam. The first caliph was Abu Bakr. Nominally elective, the office became hereditary, held by the Umayyad dynasty 661-750 and th...
Found op http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20688
An Islamic title for a ruler. According to the Sunni doctrine, the Caliph was the successor to the Prophet Muhammad. Later Caliphs regarded themselves to be God's representative on Earth, and claimed to have comprehensive religious authority. The Ottoman sultans appropriated the title 'Caliph' when ...
Found op http://www.virtualani.org/glossary/index.htm
Ca'liph (kā'lĭf) noun [ Middle English caliphe , califfe , French calife (cf. Spanish califa ), from Arabic khalīfan successor, from khalafa to succed.] Successor or vicar; -- a title of th...
Found op http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/C/9
calif noun the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth; `many radical Muslims believe a Khalifah will unite all Islamic lands and people and subjugat...
Found op http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caliph
• (n.) Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey.
Found op http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/caliph/
(`successor`), ruler of the Muslim community. When Muammad died (June 8, 632), Ab Bakr succeeded to his political and administrative functions as ... [12 related articles]
Found op http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/c/8
[company] Picture from: , exact location: uploaded by owner. ...
Found op http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliph_(company)
The Caliph (خليفة ḫalīfah/khalīfah) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the ruler of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Shari`ah. It is a transcribed version of the Arabic word خليفة Khalīfah which means "successor" or "representative". Following ...
Found op http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliph
Caliph, or calif or khalif (vicegerent) is the name assumed by the successors of Mohammed in the government of the faithful and in the high-priesthood. Caliphate is therefore the name given to the empire of these princes which the Arabs founded in Asia, and enlarged, within a few centuries, to a dom...
Found op http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/browse/CXC.HTM
Title of civic and religious heads of the world of Islam. The first caliph was Abu Bakr. Nominally elective, the office became hereditary, held by the Umayyad dynasty 661–750 and then by the Abbasid dynasty. After the death of the last Abbasid (1258), the title was claimed by a number of Muslim ch...
Found op http://www.talktalk.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0000519.html
1) Calif 2) Islam vip 3) Islamic leader 4) Islamic spiritual leader 5) Islamist 6) Kalif 7) Kaliph 8) Khalif 9) Khalifah 10) Mohammedan 11) Moslem 12) Moslem ruler 13) Muhammadan 14) Muhammedan 15)
Found op http://www.mijnwoordenboek.nl/EN/crossword-dictionary/caliph/1
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