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The eruption of Krakatau on 27 August 1883 was one of the largest explosive volcanic events in recent historic time. The eruption generated a large tsunami that devastated coastal communities bordering the Sunda Straits. Tsunamis followed three cataclysmic explosions, the first two before dawn on the 27 August producing tsunamis with 10 m run-ups, while the third and largest explosion at 10:02 a.m. on the 27th triggered a tsunami that penetrated more than 5 km inland in low-lying areas of Western Java. In total, 300 villages in Indonesia were destroyed by the tsunami, and more than 36,000 lives lost. Wave heights at Batavia (Jakarta) reached 2.35 m, and remained significant across the Indian Ocean, reaching around 1 m on the shores of north-west Australia and south-east Africa. Read more