Dehydrogenases involved in conversion of hypoxanthine to xanthine, and xanthine to uric acid, as the final catabolism of purines. Deficient in the human disease xanthinuria.
<enzyme> Dehydrogenases involved in conversion of hypoxanthine to xanthine and xanthine to uric acid, as the final catabolism of purines. Deficient in the human disease xanthinuria. ... (18 Nov 1997) ... Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20973
Type: Term Definitions: 1. a flavoprotein containing molybdenum; an oxidoreductase catalyzing the reaction of xanthine, O2
, and H2
O to produce urate and superoxide. Also oxidizes hypoxanthine, some other purines and pterins, and aldehydes. A lower rate of oxidation is observed in patients with molybdenu...Found on http://www.medilexicon.com/medicaldictionary.php?t=64177
Xanthine oxidase (XO, sometimes `XAO`) is a form of xanthine oxidoreductase, a type of enzyme that generates reactive oxygen species. These enzymes catalyze the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and can further catalyze the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. These enzymes play an important role in the catabolism of purines in some species, .....Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthine_oxidase
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