The DNA of eukaryotes is subdivided into chromosomes, presumably for convenience of handling, each of which has a long length of DNA associated with various proteins. The chromosomes become more tightly packed at mitosis and become aligned on the metaphase plate. Each chromosome has a characteristic length and banding pattern. See C banding, G banding.
This is a structure in the nucleus of a cell composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and protein; the chromosome forms the basis of heredity and carries genetic information in DNA in the form of a sequence of nitrogenous bases.
(Learning Modules / Biology / DNA / Glossary) A threadlike 'package' or structure of genes, made up of DNA in the nucleus of a cell. Chromosomes direct the activity within the cell and pass on genetic information to new cells. Different kinds of organisms have different numbers of chromosomes. Humans have 23 pairs, 46 in all: 44 autosomes and two sex chromosomes....
Gene-containing bodies that are found in the nucleus of all cells. Human beings possess forty-six chromosomes made up of twenty-three pairs.
(Variation and inheritance) one of the rod shaped bodies found in the nucleus of cells that contain genetic information (DNA)
A thread-like body found in cell nuclei, comprised of genes arranged in linear order. In higher organisms chromosomes consist of DNA in association with protein. In bacteria they exist as naked DNA. While genes are the units of heredity, chromosomes are the units of transmission from one generation to the next. During cell division chromosomes may break, rejoin or cross over giving rise to new genetic combinations....
One or more microscopic rod-shaped elements in the nucleus of a cell that contain genetic information for that cell. Chromosomes are composed of DNA and protein
Linear piece of eukaryotic DNA, often bound by specialized proteins known as histones.Found on http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/glossary_4.html
rod-shaped bodies in the nuclei of cells that consist of a string of genes and maintain the structure or arrangement of the genetic code (DNA).
Found on http://www.runet.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/glossary.html
Chromosomes are long DNA molecules on which genes (the basic genetic codes) are located. Domestic cattle have 30 pairs of chromosomes. Found on http://extension.missouri.edu/xplor/agguides/ansci/g02030.htm
A single DNA molecule, a tightly coiled strant of DNA, condensed into a compact structure in vivo by complexing with accessory histones or histone-like proteins. Chromosomes exist in pairs in higher eukaryotes. (See Chromosome walking.)Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20095
- a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear orderFound on http://www.webdictionary.co.uk/definition.php?query=chromosome
This is a thin filament of DNA double-helix found in the cell nucleus. It is vitally important to biological systems because it carries the body's genes. The nucleus of the human cell contains 46 chromosomes, each with a molecular weight of the order of 100 billion.
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20408
[pronounce: crow-mow-sOme ] Thread-like strands contained in the nucleus of cells. They contain the instructions for a living thing.Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20442
This is a structure in the nucleus of a cell composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and protein; the chromosome forms the basis of heredity and carries genetic information in DNA in the form of a sequence of nitrogenous bases.Found on http://www.chemicalglossary.net/definition/395-Chromosome
A structural unit of genetic material consisting of a long molecule of DNA complexed with special proteins in eukaryotes, but not in prokaryotes
Found on http://www.i-sis.org.uk/Glossary.php
Found in the nucleus (centre) of all human cells, the chromosomes are made of millions of genes. The genes are codes that control the cell. One set of chromosomes is inherited from each parent through the egg and sperm that join together when an egg is fertilised during conception.Found on http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/utilities/glossary/index.htm?search=c
A structure made of genes found in the nucleus of a cell
Found on http://www.makingsenseofhealth.org.uk/default.html?section=Secondary&chapte
Chromosomes are the parts of a body cell that carry genes. A human cell usually has 23 pairs of chromosomes.
Found on http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Pages/hub.xhtml
One of the 46 small bodies in the nucleus of cells, which carry genes. Also may be known as â€œgenomeâ€?. An abnormality of chromosomes may cause conditions such as Down`s syndrome
Found on http://www.dwp.gov.uk/medical/med_conditions/glossary.html
A part of a cell which contains the genes.
Found on http://www.gadsbywicks.co.uk/uploaded/3822.pdf
Chromosome: A visible carrier of the genetic information. The 3 billion bp (base pairs) in the human genome are organized into 24 distinct, physically separate microscopic units called chromosomes. All genes are arranged linearly along the chromosomes. The nucleus of most human cells contains two sets of chromosomes, one set given by each parent. E...Found on http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=14018
[ Greek ... color + ... the body.] (Biol.)
One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant
of Weismann. Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/C/74
<cell biology> The self-replicating genetic structures of cells containing the cellular DNA that bears in its nucleotide sequence the linear array of genes. ... The DNA of eukaryotes is subdivided into chromosomes, that consist of a number of chromosomes whose DNA is associated with various proteins. The chromosomes become more tightly packed...Found on http://www.mondofacto.com/facts/dictionary?chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear orderFound on http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=chromosome
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