avalanche effect

in physics, a sudden increase in the flow of an electrical current through a nonconducting or semiconducting solid when a sufficiently strong ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/a/129

Avalanche effect

In cryptography, the avalanche effect refers to a desirable property of cryptographic algorithms, typically block ciphers and cryptographic hash functions. The avalanche effect is evident if, when an input is changed slightly (for example, flipping a single bit) the output changes significantly (e.g., half the output bits flip). In the case of hig...
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avalanche_effect
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